Harold Ashby (March 21, 1925 in Kansas City, Missouri – June 13, 2003 in New York City) was an American jazz tenor saxophonist. He worked with Duke Ellington's band, having replaced Jimmy Hamilton in 1968. In 1959, he recorded backing Willie Dixon on the latter's debut album, Willie's Blues.
- Born to Swing: Introducing The Compulsive Tenor Saxophone of Harold Ashby (Columbia, 1960)
- Tenor Stuff with Paul Gonsalves (Metronome, 1961)
- Scufflin ' (Black and Blue, 1978)
- Presenting Harold Ashby (Progressive, 1981)
- I'm Old Fashioned (Stash, 1991)
- What Am I Here For? with Mulgrew Miller, Rufus Reid, Ben Riley (Criss Cross, 1992)
- On the Sunny Side of the Street (Timeless, 1992)
- Out of Nowhere with Wild Bill Davis (Black and Blue, 1993)
- Just for You (Mapleshade)
- Eugenie Baird, Eugenie Baird Sings, Duke's Boys Play Ellington (Stereo Spectrum, Design 1959)
- Lawrence Brown, Inspired Abandon (Impulse!, 1965)
- Benny Golson, Tenor Legacy (Arkadia Jazz, 1998)
- Scott Hamilton, Skyscrapers (Concord Jazz, 1980)
- Earl Hines, Once Upon a Time (Impulse!, 1966)
- Milt Hinton, Laughing at Life (Columbia, 1994)
- Butch Miles, Butch's Encore (Famous Door, 1979)
- Otis Rush, This One's a Good 'Un (Blue Horizon, 1969)
- Bennie Wallace, The Art of the Saxophone (Denon, 1987)
- Ben Webster, The Soul of Ben Webster (Verve, 1960)
- "Biodata". Archived from the original on February 5, 2012. Retrieved April 13, 2014.
- "Willie's Blues - Willie Dixon, Memphis Slim | Credits". AllMusic. 1959-12-03. Retrieved 2014-01-31.
- Cook, Richard (2005). Richard Cook's Jazz Encyclopedia. London, UK: Penguin Books. p. 22. ISBN 0-141-00646-3.
- Recorded interview, jazzure.com