Harlan Thompson (24 September 1890 – 29 October 1966) was an American theatre director, screenwriter, lyricist, film director, and film and television producer. He wrote the Broadway hit Little Jessie James (1923–24), and several other Broadway musicals. He moved to Hollywood, where he was in turn a writer, director and producer.
24 September 1890
|Died||29 October 1966 76) (aged|
New York City, New York
Harlan Thompson was born in Hannibal, Missouri, on 24 September 1890. He went to high school in Kansas City, Missouri, and then attended the University of Kansas. He studied chemical engineering. Thompson became a reporter and editor for The Kansas City Star and Kansas City Post. During World War I (1914–18) he was in the 167th Aero Squadron of the American Expeditionary Forces. After the war he worked for the New York World.
In 1923 Harlan Thompson wrote the book and lyrics for the musical comedy Little Jessie James, with music by Harry Archer. It was staged by Walter Brooks and produced by L. Lawrence Weber. The musical played at the Longacre Theatre on Broadway from 15 August 1923 to 27 January 1924, then moved to the Little Theatre where it played until 19 July 1924. The show played for a total of 385 performances on Broadway. Nan Halperin played Jessie Jamieson, in pursuit of Jay Velie as Paul Revere. Supporting roles were played by Miriam Hopkins and Allen Kearns. The show was low-cost, with a single set and only eight chorus girls. Halperin and Jay Velie introduced the song I Love You by Thompson and Archer. Little Jessie James was the biggest hit of the season and I Love You was the biggest hit of all the songs from that season's musicals.
After their success with Little Jessie James, Thompson and Archer created the musical farce My Girl that opened at the Vanderbilt Theatre on 24 November 1924 and starring Jane Taylor and Russell Mack. The show included catchy numbers like You And I, and ran for six months. Thompson and Archer collaborated again on Merry, Merry, which opened on 24 September 1925 at the Vanderbilt. The musical starred Marie Saxon and Harry Puck. Although not exceptional, it ran for five months. In 1926 Thompson and Harry Archer launched the musical comedy Twinkle Twinkle, which opened at the Liberty Theatre on 16 November 1926. Thompson wrote the libretto while Archer wrote the score, with help from Bert Kalmar and Harry Ruby. The stars were Ona Munson and Alan Edwards, while Joe E. Brown played a comic detective. Twinkle Twinkle ran for twenty one weeks.
Thompson began to work for Fox as a writer. He combined and adapted the operettas Married in Hollywood (1928) and Ein Waltzertraum (1907) to create the dialog for the film Married in Hollywood (Fox, 21 September 1929) directed by Marcel Silver. The stars were J. Harold Murray and Norma Terris. The New York Times said the film was "adroitly interspersed with joviality and extremely clever photographic embellishments". However, it was a box office failure. Only twelve minutes from the last reel have survived.
In 1929 the German director F. W. Murnau began filming Our Daily Bread for Fox, one of studio's the last silent movies. He aimed for great realism in depicting the transition from the fields where wheat was harvested to the dark rooms in Chicago where the bread was consumed. Filming started late, and on 2 August Murnau came down with appendicitis. With a deadline set by the harvest season, filming on location in Oregon began without him. The rushes looked unpromising. Thompson was sent to Oregon early in September to try to add some comedy to the scenario. Eventually a mutilated version of the film was released as City Girl (Fox, 16 February 1930).
Thompson wrote the scenario and dialog for the romantic drama Women Everywhere (Fox, 1 June 1930) starring J. Harold Murray and directed by Alexander Korda. According to Variety it was "one of those gems occasionally found in the herd of program pictures". The film was quickly forgotten. Thompson wrote the dialog for the musical Are You There? (Fox, 30 November 1930) directed by Hamilton MacFadden and starring Beatrice Lillie. The film was unusual as a musical about a female detective. Release was delayed from the end of 1930 to early summer of 1931. The film received mixed reviews. Variety panned it, but Exhibitors Herald-World described Lillie as "smart-looking, clever and mirth-provoking... Her personality and grace are registered superbly upon the screen." Thompson wrote the screenplay for Girls Demand Excitement (Fox, 1931) directed by Seymour Felix and starring Virginia Cherrill, John Wayne and Marguerite Churchill.
After moving to Paramount, Thompson collaborated with Walter de Leon on the screenplay for the musical The Phantom President (Paramount, 25 September 1932) directed by Norman Taurog. In 1933, David O. Selznick, a producer at Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer, was negotiating with Walt Disney for co-production of a cartoon version of Baron Munchausen starring Mickey Mouse. Thompson and Victor Heerman prepared a script for the film, to be called Vas You Dere, Sharlie, but the project was abandoned.
Thompson was assigned as "continuity writer" to the Mae West vehicle that became I'm No Angel (Paramount, 6 October 1933). She had fired two writers who had been assigned by Paramount, but accepted help from Thompson, who wrote a lot of the script and some of Mae West's dialog. According to Thompson's wife, "How much she contributed I don't know, but she moved in, as she always moved in on anything, and got credit for the story, the screenplay and the dialogue." Thompson was the main scriptwriter for Here is My Heart (Paramount, 28 December 1934), adapted from Alfred Savoir's play The Grand Duchess and the Waiter and starring Bing Crosby and Kitty Carlisle. The film was highly praised by the critics, who noted Crosby's performance as a talented comedian, not just a crooner.
Hollywood director and producer
Harlan Thompson and George Marion, Jr. wrote the scenario for Kiss and Make-Up (Paramount, 13 July 1934). Thompson directed the film, which starred Cary Grant, Helen Mack and Genevieve Tobin. In 1938 Thompson produced The Big Broadcast of 1938, a comedy with Bob Hope and W.C. Fields. Thompson was associate producer of Kisses for Breakfast (Warner Bros. 5 July 1941), a romantic comedy. He was associate producer of Bad Men of Missouri (Warner Bros, 26 July 1941), a western. Jack L. Warner was executive producer and Ray Enright was director.
During World War II (1939-1945) Thompson was made a major in 1942 after the United States entered the combat and given the direction of the Training Film Division of the US Army Signal Corps. The unit turned out instructional films for the huge numbers of newly recruited officers and enlisted men in the expanded army. They covered subjects like Conservation of Clothing and Equipment, The Internal Combustion Engine and Trench Feet.
From 1923 through 1932 Thompson was active on Broadway in the following productions:
- Little Jessie James (1923)
- My Girl (1924)
- music by Harry Archer, directed by Walter Brooks, (291 performances November 1924 – August 1925)
- Merry, Merry (1925)
- Twinkle, Twinkle (1926)
- music by Harry Archer, directed by Frank Craven, (167 performances, November 1925 – April 1927)
- Cast: Elise Bonwit, Joe E. Brown, Frank Bryan, Perqueta Courtney, Diana Day, Alan Edwards, Anita Firman, John Gray, Patty Hastings, Phyllis Hooper, Wanda Jarzy, Buddy Jenkins, Dorothy Jordan, Douglas Keaton, Ann Kelly, Therese Kelly, Myrtle Le Roy, Joseph Lertora, Flo Lewis, Allyn Loring, Alice MacDonald, Dorothy Martin, William J. McCarthy, Ned McGarn, Helen Mirtel, Ona Munson, Henry Nelthropp, Frances Nevins, Marion Nevins, Ana Nito, John O'Neil, John Sheehan, Betty Sheldon, Nerene Swinton, Frances Upton, Hazel Vee, Betty Veronica, Diana White, and Wanda Wood. Produced by Louis F. Werba
- Blessed Event (1932)
- written by Manuel Seff and Forrest Wilson, directed by Harlan Thompson, (115 performances February 1932 – May 1932)
- Cast: Jean Adair, Robert Allen, Matt Briiggs, Charles D. Brown, Ollie Burgoyne, Kenneth Dana, Herbert Duffy, George Greenberg, Allen Jenkins, Isabel Jewell, Herman Jones, Walter Kinsella, David Leonard, Ralph Locke, Eddie Lynch, Herman J. Mankiewicz, John Morrissey, Lee Patrick, Dorothea Petgen, Roger Pryor, John Robb, Lynn Root, Frank Rowan, Henry Shelvey, Thelma Tipson, Mildred Wall, Milton Wallace, Produced by Sidney Phillips and Harlan Thompson.
- Hot News (1928)
- Take Me Home (1928)
- The Ghost Talks (1929)
- Married in Hollywood (1929)
- The Big Party (1930)
- Women Everywhere (1930)
- Are You There? (1930)
- Girls Demand Excitement (1931)
- Annabelle's Affairs (1931)
- The Phantom President (1932)
- He Learned About Women (1933)
- Kiss and Make-Up (1934)
- Here Is My Heart (1934)
- Ruggles of Red Gap (1935)
- It's a Great Life (1935)
- Ship Cafe (1935)
- Rose of the Rancho (1936)
- How to Be Very, Very Popular (1955)
- Words and Music (1929) "The Hunting Song", "Take a Little Tip", "Too Wonderful for Words"
- Married in Hollywood (1929) "Dance Away the Night", "Peasant Love Song", "A Man, A Maid", "Deep In Love", "Bridal Chorus", "National Anthem"
- Melody in Spring (1934) "Ending With A Kiss", "Melody in Spring", "It's Psychological", "The Open Road"
- Ship Cafe (1935) "Fatal Fascination", "I Won't Take No for an Answer", "It's a Great Life"
- Stalag 17 (1953) "I Love You" (Je t'aime)
- Early to Bed (1936)
- Wives Never Know (1936)
- College Holiday (1936)
- Champagne Waltz (1937)
- The Big Broadcast of 1938 (1938)
- Romance in the Dark (1938)
- Paris Honeymoon (1939)
- The Magnificent Fraud (1939)
- Disputed Passage (1939)
- Road to Singapore (1940)
- East of the River (1940)
- The Wagons Roll at Night (1941)
- Singapore Woman (1941)
- Kisses for Breakfast (1941)
- Bad Men of Missouri (1941)
- International Motion Picture Almanac 1937-38, p. 804.
- The Film Daily Product Guide... 1937, p. 168.
- Little Jessie James, IBDB.
- Little Jessie James, Playbill Vault.
- Bordman 2010, p. 432.
- Paymer & Post 1999, p. 43.
- Bordman 2010, p. 448.
- Bordman 2010, p. 460.
- Bordman 2010, p. 461.
- Bordman 2010, p. 473.
- Bradley 2004, p. 172.
- Bradley 2004, p. 173.
- Eisner 1973, p. 197.
- Langer 1985, p. 48.
- Eisner 1973, p. 200.
- Bradley 2004, p. 189.
- Bradley 2004, p. 147.
- Gates 2011, p. 339.
- Bradley 2004, p. 149.
- Davis 2012, p. 289.
- Bradley 2004, p. 312.
- Kaufman 1993, p. 163.
- Kaufman 1993, p. 164.
- Leider 2000, p. 265.
- Couvares 2006, p. 196.
- Giddins 2009, p. 302.
- Giddins 2009, p. 304.
- Schickel 2009, p. 213.
- Faith 2009, p. 91.
- American Film Institute 1999, p. 1292.
- American Film Institute 1999, p. 136.
- Koszarski 2002, p. 303-304.
- Harlan Thompson of Broadway, 76, NYT, p. 88.
- Harlan Thompson, IBDB.
- Harlan Thompson, IMDb.
- American Film Institute (1999). Afi: American Film Institute Catalog of Motion Pictures Produced in the United States : Feature Films 1941-1950 Indexes. University of California Press. ISBN 978-0-520-21521-4. Retrieved 2014-05-29.
- Bordman, Gerald Martin (2010). American Musical Theatre: A Chronicle. Oxford University Press. ISBN 978-0-19-972970-8. Retrieved 2014-05-29.
- Bradley, Edwin M. (2004-01-01). The First Hollywood Musicals: A Critical Filmography of 171 Features, 1927 through 1932. McFarland. ISBN 978-0-7864-2029-2. Retrieved 2014-05-29.
- Couvares, Francis G. (2006). Movie Censorship and American Culture. Univ of Massachusetts Press. ISBN 978-1-55849-575-3. Retrieved 2014-05-29.
- Davis, Ronald L. (2012-09-06). Duke: The Life and Image of John Wayne. University of Oklahoma Press. ISBN 978-0-8061-8646-7. Retrieved 2014-05-29.
- Eisner, Lotte H. (1973-01-01). F. W. Murnau. University of California Press. ISBN 978-0-520-02425-0. Retrieved 2014-05-29.
- Faith, William Robert (2009-04-24). Bob Hope: A Life in Comedy. Da Capo Press. ISBN 978-0-7867-2902-9. Retrieved 2014-05-29.
- Gates, Philippa (2011-04-22). Detecting Women: Gender and the Hollywood Detective Film. SUNY Press. ISBN 978-1-4384-3405-6. Retrieved 2014-05-29.
- Giddins, Gary (2009-11-29). Bing Crosby: A Pocketful of Dreams - The Early Years 1903 - 1940. Little, Brown. ISBN 978-0-316-09156-5. Retrieved 2014-05-29.
- "Harlan Thompson". IBDB. Retrieved 2014-05-29.
- "Harlan Thompson". IMDb. Retrieved 2014-05-29.
- "Harlan Thompson of Broadway, 76; Producer Is Dead". New York Times. 30 October 1966.
- International Motion Picture Almanac. Quigley Publishing Company. 1937–38. Retrieved 2014-05-29.
- Kaufman, J.B. (June 1993). "Before Snow White". Film History. 5 (2 Animation): 158–175. JSTOR 27670718.
- Koszarski, Richard (2002). "Subway Commandos: Hollywood Filmmakers at the Signal Corps Photographic Center". Film History. Indiana University Press. 14 (3/4, War and Militarism): 296–315. doi:10.2979/FIL.2002.14.3-4.296. JSTOR 3815434. .
- Langer, Mark J. (Spring 1985). "Tabu: The Making of a Film". Cinema Journal. University of Texas Press on behalf of the Society for Cinema & Media Studies. 24 (3): 43–64. doi:10.2307/1225430. JSTOR 1225430.
- Leider, Emily Wortis (2000). Becoming Mae West. Da Capo Press. ISBN 978-0-306-80951-4. Retrieved 2014-05-29.
- "Little Jessie James". IBDB. Retrieved 2014-05-28.
- "Little Jessie James". Playbill Vault. Retrieved 2014-05-29.
- Paymer, Marvin E.; Post, Don E. (1999). Sentimental Journey: Intimate Portraits of America's Great Popular Songs, 1920-1945. Noble House Publishers. ISBN 978-1-881907-09-1.
- Schickel, Richard (2009-11-29). Cary Grant: A Celebration. Little, Brown. ISBN 978-0-316-09032-2. Retrieved 2014-05-29.
- The Film Daily Product Guide and Director's Annual. 1937. Retrieved 2014-05-29.