Hareskovbanen (English: the Hareskov line) is one of six radial S-train lines in Copenhagen. It connects the city center to a number of northwestern suburbs and the cities of Værløse and Farum, with the terminus placed in the latter.
The line was opened in 1906 as part of the private København-Slangerup Jernbane which went to Slangerup, about two thirds from Farum to Frederikssund. Its terminus in Copenhagen was København L, close to present day Nørrebro station on the S-train ring line - the station building of this station still stands. This was quite a bit from the city center, but the station was supposed to be temporary until the exact routing of the various new railways near Copenhagen that were in planning around the turn of the century had been finalized.
For the first many years, a large part of the traffic consisted of leisure trips by the large working population of Nørrebro to the Hareskoven forest.
Over the years, the economy of the private railway company declined, and in 1929 most of the private investors sold their shares to the municipalities along the line. After World War II the railway was so run down that the state railways DSB had to take it over in 1948. A few years later, in 1954, the outer end of the line between Farum and Slangerup was abandoned as it was unprofitable.
Plans to convert the line to S-trains had been discussed for decades, and in 1961 an act authorizing DSB to electrify the line. However, the act was not followed by sufficient allocations of public money, and it would take until 1977 until S-trains could begin running on the line.
Originally the plan was to extend the line as an underground line directly from København L to the center of the city, but over the course of the 1960s it became clear that the funding environment would not support metro construction in the foreseeable future. Therefore, in the eventual S-train conversion the innermost few kilometers in the line were abandoned and replaced by a large S-curve that connected it to the existing S-train trunk at Svanemøllen. A new overpass and interchange with the ring line was built at Ryparken. København L was abandoned and the terminus of the diesel trains moved to Svanemøllen in early 1976, and a year and a half later the conversion to S-trains were complete. This was the longest single addition to the S-train network so far.
This indirect approach means that the travel time between this radial and the city center is relatively high, which makes it less attractive relative to more direct buses. Several of the stations on the line are among the least patronized S-train stations.
|København H||A, H||30 November 1911||15 May 1934||Central station; also all other radials; bus terminal; cross-link express bus 250S|
|Vesterport||A, H||15 May 1934||Also all other radials|
|Nørreport||A, H||1 July 1918||15 May 1934||Also all other radials; transfer to metro; bus terminal; cross-link express buses 150S and 350S|
|Østerport||A, H||2 August 1897||15 May 1934||Also all other radials; named Østerbro until 1934|
|Nordhavn||A, H||15 May 1934||Also Hillerød and Klampenborg radials|
|Svanemøllen||A, H||15 May 1934||Also Hillerød and Klampenborg radials|
|Ryparken||A, H||25 April 1976||25 September 1977||Transfer to ring line; bus terminal; cross-link express bus 150S|
|Emdrup||A||25 September 1977|
|Dyssegård||A||22 May 1932||25 September 1977|
|Vangede||A, H||19 April 1906||25 September 1977|
|Kildebakke||A||15 May 1935||25 September 1977|
|Buddinge||A, H||19 April 1906||25 September 1977||Bus terminal; cross-link express buses 200S, 250S & 300S|
|Stengården||A, H||15 May 1929||25 September 1977|
|Bagsværd||A, H||19 April 1906||25 September 1977||Cross-link express bus 400S|
|Skovbrynet||A||1 October 1930||25 September 1977|
|Hareskov||A, H||19 April 1906||25 September 1977|
|Syvstjernen||—||15 May 1930||—||Closed since 1974|
|Værløse||A, H||19 April 1906||25 September 1977||Cross-link express bus 500S|
|Furesø||—||22 May 1932||—||Closed since 23 May 1971|
|Farum||A, H||19 April 1906||25 September 1977||Bus terminal; cross-link express bus 500S|
The basic service is the all-stops service A between København H and Farum. In the rush hours on Monday through Friday it is supplemented by the limited-stop service H.
Before 2007 the line was mainly served by service H (from 1972 to 1979 and again from 1993 to 2007 — then being the all-stop service on this line), and B (from 1979 to 1993).
- The few hundred meters of track between the platforms at Farum and the bridge across Fiskebæk valley is the only remaining piece of single-tracked railway on the S-train network.
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