Hannibal Brooks

Hannibal Brooks is a 1969 British-American war comedy film directed by Michael Winner and written by Ian La Frenais and Dick Clement based on a story by Winner and Tom Wright.[4] It stars Oliver Reed, Michael J. Pollard and Wolfgang Preiss.

Hannibal Brooks
Theatrical release poster
Directed byMichael Winner
Produced byMichael Winner
Screenplay by
Story by
  • Michael Winner
  • Tom Wright
Music byFrancis Lai
CinematographyRobert Paynter
Edited by
  • Peter Austen-Hunt
  • Lionel Selwyn
Distributed byUnited Artists
Release date
Running time
102 minutes
CountryUnited Kingdom United States
Budget£1 million[2] or less than $3 million[3]

The film follows a prisoner of war's attempt to escape from Nazi Germany to Switzerland during World War II, accompanied by an Asian elephant. The idea for the film was inspired by Tom Wright's diary that he kept during World War II, when he was captured and spent nine months as a prisoner taking care of Asian elephants at the Munich zoo.[5] However, the escape and all following events of the movie are fictional. The title is a reference to the Carthaginian military commander Hannibal who led an army of war elephants over the Alps.


Stephen "Hannibal" Brooks is a British prisoner of war Lance corporal who is put to work in Munich zoo, looking after an Asian elephant called Lucy. When the zoo is bombed by the Americans, the zoo's director decides it is unsafe for the elephant to remain there. So he sends Brooks along with hostile German soldier Kurt, a friendly German soldier named Willy, and Vronia, a female cook to accompany the elephant to Innsbruck Zoo via a train.

They are forced to walk when Colonel von Haller, an SS officer tells Brooks that the elephant is not allowed on the train. In Austria, Kurt threatens to shoot Lucy while drunk and Brooks accidentally kills Kurt. Brooks, Lucy, Willy and Vronia are forced to run towards the Swiss border. They are helped along the way by an American escapee named Packy who has formed a group of partisans to fight the Germans in Austria, after many run-ins with the Nazis. Half way there, Lucy gets mumps, so Brooks finds an Austrian doctor to look after her, while Vronia and Willy run to Willy's parents' house. Vronia and Willy are captured, and are later joined by Brooks. Brooks and Willy are rescued by Packy and continue to race towards Switzerland with Lucy. Unfortunately, along the way Willy is shot by the Nazis while helping Brooks to escape.

When Brooks gets close to the border with Lucy, he is met by von Haller, who tells him to walk to Switzerland and Vronia, who has changed sides after being captured. Von Haller proposes the three go together to Switzerland as he intends to defect due to Germany's deteriorating military position. They are joined by Packy and his partisans near a German border post. The plan is to use von Haller to bluff their way through, however, he betrays them. Vronia tries to warn the others and is shot in the back. After another long fight with the Germans, Brooks and Lucy eventually get to Switzerland with Packy and his remaining partisans.



Michael Winner had meant to make a film about William the Conqueror but been unable to raise finance. When that film fell over he had Hannibal Brooks ready to go.[6]

Michael J Pollard was paid $75,000 for his role. (He had received $14,000 for Bonnie and Clyde.[7]) "Pollard will be a major star of the 70s," said Winner.[8]

Location shooting took place in Austria and Munich in May 1968.[5][9]

Paperback novelization

Releasing it slightly in advance of the film (per normal for the era), Lancer Books published a novelization of the screenplay, by Lou Cameron, a ubiquitous, notable and award-winning pulpsmith of the '60s through the '80s, among whose specialties was novels of men at war.


Vincent Canby of The New York Times wrote that the film "has a kind of slow, tranquilized dignity and a disarming desire to please. The extent to which it succeeds will depend largely on one's susceptibility to the old Sabu syndrome."[10] Variety called the film a "pleasant, tame tale" in which Reed "carries the entire film on his admittedly broad shoulders but can't overcome the confused writing, or the even greater burden of a poor performance by costar, Michael J. Pollard. The latter, for some reason appearing as though he'd just completed a crash diet, is simply dreadful as a cocky Yank prisoner."[11] Charles Champlin of the Los Angeles Times thought that the film seemed like "two or three story ideas (any one of which might conceivably have worked) interleaved into one big mish-mash which doesn't work ... Winner's direction is no help since he never really defines Reed's basic character."[1] Clifford Terry of the Chicago Tribune called it "a preposterous, but pleasantly enjoyable film" with Reed giving "a solid, versatile performance, mixing humor and controlled anger."[12] Gary Arnold of The Washington Post stated, "'Hannibal Brooks' should work. The technical problem is that Winner hasn't tried to draw us into the story at an easy, natural pace. He throws us into it, and almost every transition or change of scene is crudely bridged by a jump cut and a bad punch line."[13] The Monthly Film Bulletin commented: "Hannibal Brooks suffers from a state of chronic uncertainty about just what sort of film it is trying to be. At some points all is elephant whimsy ... At others, Packy's guerrillas are in stern action, while Brooks lingers on the sidelines asking plaintively and pacifically 'what's it all for?' after the blowing up of a German convoy."[14]


  1. Champlin, Charles (April 3, 1969). "'Hannibal' Opens Today in Westwood". Los Angeles Times. Part IV, p. 1.
  2. There was a crooked rail Wright, Ian. The Guardian 29 May 1968: 7.
  3. Article 5 -- No Title SHIVAS, MARK. Los Angeles Times (19230 Mar 1969: t1.
  4. Gallagher, Paul (1 February 2016). "'You Don't Share A Hotel with Oliver Reed': Michael Winner Takes Two Elephants to Switzerland". Flashbak. Retrieved 4 May 2019.
  5. Goodwin, Cliff (2001). Evil Spirits: The Life of Oliver Reed. Virgin. p. 115. ISBN 9780753505199.
  6. Michael J. Pollard in the Alps, or How C. W. Moss Won the War By MARK SHIVASBLUDENZ, Austria. New York Times 28 July 1968: 82.
  7. Rubber-Faced Mike Has Lots of Support in Oscar Race Norma Lee Browning. Chicago Tribune 7 Apr 1968: e12.
  8. JOYCE HABER: Michael Pollard: An Establishment Hippie Los Angeles Times 16 Mar 1969: v13.
  9. MOVIE CALL SHEET: A Role in 'Hello, Dolly!' Martin, Betty. Los Angeles Times 19 Feb 1968: c29.
  10. Canby, Vincent (May 1, 1969). "Screen: A Pachyderm and a P.O.W.". The New York Times. 52.
  11. "Film Reviews: Hannibal Brooks". Variety. March 5, 1969. 6.
  12. Terry, Clifford (June 25, 1969). "Hannibal Brooks". Chicago Tribune. Section 2, p. 5.
  13. Arnold, Gary (April 26, 1969). "Hannibal Brooks". The Washington Post. E6.
  14. "Hannibal Brooks". The Monthly Film Bulletin. 36 (424): 102. May 1969.
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