Hammonasset people

The Hammonasset people were Eastern Woodland Indians who had their "digging grounds" from the west bank of the Connecticut River to the Hammonasset River in Connecticut.

Culture

They spoke an Algonquian language. In the Eastern Woodlands Algonquian society, patrilineal clans with names appointed by animal totems made up the village-bands.[1] The indigenous people who settled in the area called it named it Hammonasset, which roughly translates to “where we dig the ground.”[2] They subsisted by fishing and hunting, and raised corn, beans, and squash.[3] The Hammonasset River was one of the few to have salmon runs.[4]

The first colonists arrived in the area in 1639.

They were once a band of Quinnipiac people, who were recorded living near Guilford, Connecticut. Their leader was named Sebequnash, or "The Man Who Weeps."[5]

In 1730, the band's population was 250 to 300 people. By 1774, they were reduced to only 38 people. They moved to Farmington, Connecticut to live among the Tunxi people in 1768.[6]

References

  1. "The Eastern Woodland Hunters - Food / Hunting / Tools". firstpeoplesofcanada.com. Retrieved 2019-04-27.
  2. "Hammonasset State Park Serves the State and its Residents", Connecticut history.org.
  3. "Hammonasset State Park", Connecticut State Parks
  4. Lavin, Lucianne. Connecticut's Indigenous Peoples, Yale University Press, 2013, p. 111ISBN 9780300195194
  5. Hodge, ed., Frederick Webb (1912). Handbook of American Indians North of Mexico: A–M, Vol 30, Part 1. Washington, DC: US Government Printing Office. p. 529.CS1 maint: extra text: authors list (link)
  6. Hodge, Frederick Webb (1910). Handbook of American Indians North of Mexico, Part 2. Washington, DC: Smithsonian Institution. p. 345.

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