Hamburg-Mitte

Hamburg-Mitte (Hamburg Central) is one of the seven boroughs of Hamburg, Germany, covering most of the city's urban center. The quarters of Hamburg-Altstadt and Neustadt cover much of the city's historic core. In 2016 the population was 301,550.

Hamburg-Mitte

Flag

Coat of arms
Location of Hamburg-Mitte within Hamburg
Hamburg-Mitte
Hamburg-Mitte
Coordinates: 53°33′1″N 9°59′39″E
CountryGermany
StateHamburg
CityHamburg
Area
  Total142.2 km2 (54.9 sq mi)
Elevation
10 m (30 ft)
Population
 (31 December 2016)
  Total301,550
  Density2,100/km2 (5,500/sq mi)
Time zoneCET/CEST (UTC+1/+2)
Dialling codes040
Websitewww.hamburg.de

History

In 1937 several settlements (e.g. Finkenwerder), villages and rural areas were passed into Hamburg enforced by the Greater Hamburg Act.

On March 1, 2008 due to a law of Hamburg,[1] the quarter Wilhelmsburg was transferred from the borough Harburg. The neighborhood HafenCity was formed from parts of the quarters Klostertor, Altstadt and Rothenburgsort. The other part of Klostertor was transferred to Hammerbrook. From small parts of the borough Hamburg-Mitte (And Altona and Eimsbüttel) the neighborhood Sternschanze was created as a quarter in the borough Altona.

Geography

The borough severs Hamburg from the east to the west. In 2006, according to the statistical office of Hamburg and Schleswig-Holstein, Hamburg-Mitte has a total area of 107.1 square kilometres (41 sq mi).

Subdivisions

Hamburg-Mitte consists of the quarters Billbrook, Billstedt, Borgfelde, Finkenwerder, HafenCity, Hamburg-Altstadt, Hamburg-Hamm, Hammerbrook, Horn, Kleiner Grasbrook, Neustadt, Neuwerk, Rothenburgsort, St. Georg, St. Pauli, Steinwerder, Veddel, Waltershof and Wilhelmsburg.

MapStadtteil
Billbrook
Billstedt
Borgfelde
Finkenwerder
HafenCity
MapStadtteil
Hamburg-Altstadt
Hamm
Hammerbrook
Horn
Kleiner Grasbrook
MapStadtteil
Neustadt
Neuwerk
Rothenburgsort
Steinwerder
St. Georg
MapStadtteil
St. Pauli
Veddel
Waltershof
Wilhelmsburg

The historic center of Hamburg lies within the districts Altstadt, Neustadt and HafenCity, also defined by being inside the Wallring. These three districts also constitute what is considered Hamburg's Innenstadt (inner city).

Green and open spaces

Planten un Blomen (plants and flowers) is a park located in the quarter St. Pauli and Neustadt. Located in the quarter Billstedt is the lake Öjendorfer See.

Culture

Museums and cultural institutions

Economy

Hamburg-Mitte is the economic center of Hamburg. Altstadt, Neustadt and HafenCity make up Hamburg's Innenstadt (inner city), the city's shopping and central business district, while Hammerbrook's City Süd is an important decentralized business district. The facilities of the Port of Hamburg are located mostly in Hamburg-Mitte in the quarters of Kleiner Grasbrook, Steinwerder, Veddel, Waltershof and Wilhelmsburg.

Politics

The Bezirksamt Hamburg-Mitte is located at Klosterwall 8.

Diet of the borough

Simultaneously with elections to the state parliament (Bürgerschaft), the Bezirksversammlung is elected as representatives of the citizens. It consists of 53 representatives.

Elections

Elections were held in Hamburg on 24 February 2008. The four parties having more than 5 percent in recent polls (minimum to qualify) are the social-democratic SPD, the conservative CDU, the ecologist Green Party (GAL) and the left-wing Die Linke. The liberal Free Democratic Party (FDP) has 2 directly elected representatives.[2]

Party Percent Seats
SPD37.221
CDU31.617
GAL13.27
Die Linke10.26
FDP4.22

Dirk Sielmann (SPD) has been chairman of the district assembly since 2008. His deputies have been Steffen Leipnitz (Die Linke) and Clemens Willenbrock (Bündnis 90/Die Grünen) since 2019[3]. The district has had a red-green coalition since 2004, interrupted by an SPD-FDP coalition from 2011 to 2014. After the CDU had become the strongest faction in the district for the first time in 2004, the SPD regained this position in 2008. The Greens became the strongest party in the district assembly elections on 26 May 2019. However, accusations of Islamism were made against two members, whereupon the faction constituted itself without these members. At the same time, four other elected members also did not join the Green faction in protest against this[4]. The six deputies initially formed their own faction ("Greens 2") and finally joined the SPD faction at the beginning of October 2019.[5]

Demographics

In 2006 233,144 people lived in the borough. The population density was 2,177/km2 (5,638/sq mi). 14.9% were children under the age of 18, and 15.6% were 65 years of age or older. 43% belong to ethnic minorities.[6] 17,550 people were registered as unemployed and 72,608 were employees subject to social insurance contributions.[7]

In 1999 there were 126,753 households, out of which 17.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them and 52.4% of all households were made up of single occupants. The average household size was 1.83.[8]

Population by year[7]

1987198819891990199119921993199419951996199719981999
232,467235,759242,434249,156250,585252,695251,965248,802246,374242,029237,648230,542228,349
2000200120022003200420052006200720082009
228,060227,199227,915228,117227,557230,680233,114

In 2006 there were 71,559 criminal offences in borough (307 crimes per 1000 people).[9]

Infrastructure

The main local office (Bezirksamt Hamburg-Mitte) is located on Klosterwall. It has 4 local offices or "Customer Centres." These are Customer Centre Hamburg-Mitte, Customer Centre Billstedt, Customer Centre St. Pauli, and Customer Centre Wilhelmsburg. The offices are responsible, among other things, for the application for a residence permit for purposes of study after entering the country.

Government

The Federal Maritime and Hydrographic Agency of Germany (BSH) has its head office in St. Pauli in Hamburg-Mitte,[10] and the head office of Federal Bureau for Maritime Casualty Investigation is in the BSH facility.[11]

Education

The borough has 31 elementary schools and 31 secondary schools.[12]

Health systems

There were 125 day-care centers for children and 536 physicians in private practice and 72 pharmacies.[12] The Asklepios Klinik St. Georg located in the quarter St. Georg, is the main hospital in Hamburg-Mitte.

Sports

Transport

The borough is serviced by the rapid transit system of the city train and the underground railway with several stations. The central station Hamburg Hauptbahnhof is also for long-distance passenger trains for the German railway company.

According to the Department of Motor Vehicles (Kraftfahrt-Bundesamt), in the Hamburg-Mitte borough 66,831 private cars were registered (290 cars/1000 people).[12] There were 2,432 traffic accidents in total, including 1,905 traffic accidents resulting in injuries.[13]

Notable residents

Notes

  1. Act of the areal organisation
  2. Final election result, source: statistical office of Hamburg and Schleswig-Holstein (2008)
  3. Bezirksversammlung, sitzungsdienst-hamburg-mitte.hamburg.de, 2019-07-01
  4. Sven-Michael Veit: Extreme Mitte, Die Tageszeitung, taz.de, 2019-06-18
  5. Hamburg-Mitte: "Grüne 2" wechseln zur SPD, Northern German Broadcasting ndr.de, 2019-10-02
  6. http://www.statistik-nord.de/uploads/tx_standocuments/SI_SPEZIAL_V_2010_01.pdf
  7. Residents registration office, source: statistical office Nord of Hamburg and Schleswig-Holstein (31.12.2006)
  8. Source: statistical office Nord of Hamburg and Schleswig-Holstein (1999)
  9. State Investigation Bureaux (Landeskriminalamt), source: statistical office Nord of Hamburg and Schleswig-Holstein (2006)
  10. "Impressum." Federal Maritime and Hydrographic Agency of Germany. Retrieved on April 19, 2014. "Bundesamt für Seeschifffahrt und Hydrographie (BSH) Bernhard-Nocht-Straße 78 20359 Hamburg Postfach 30 12 20 20305 Hamburg"
  11. "Imprint." Federal Bureau for Maritime Casualty Investigation. Retrieved on 16 January 2012. "Bundesstelle für Seeunfalluntersuchung (BSU) Bernhard-Nocht-Strasse 78 20359 Hamburg " - Map Archived 2007-07-02 at the Wayback Machine
  12. Source: statistical office Nord of Hamburg and Schleswig-Holstein (31.12.2006)
  13. Traffic accident statistic, statistical office Nord of Hamburg and Schleswig-Holstein (2006)
  14. Gutsch, Jochen-Martin; Per Hinrichs; Susanne Koelbl; Gunther Latsch; Sven Röbel; Andreas Ulrich (2008-05-27). "The High Price of Freedom". Der Spiegel. Translated by Christopher Sultan. p. 1. Retrieved 2019-11-30. Obeidi started a business selling used buses in Rothenburgsort, a Hamburg neighborhood. [...] The family lived on another street in the same neighborhood[...] - Original German version: "Eigentum des Mannes". - PDF page

References

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