Hakusan, Ishikawa

Hakusan (白山市, Hakusan-shi) is a city located in Ishikawa Prefecture, Japan. As of 31 January 2018, the city had an estimated population of 113,375 in 43246 households, and a population density of 290 persons per km².[1] The total area of the city was 754.93 square kilometres (291.48 sq mi). It is the second-most populous city in Ishikawa Prefecture after Kanazawa.


Hakusan City Hall


Location of Hakusan in Ishikawa Prefecture
Coordinates: 36°30′59.9″N 136°33′56.1″E
RegionChūbu (Hokuriku)
PrefectureIshikawa Prefecture
  - MayorNoriaki Yamada
  Total754.93 km2 (291.48 sq mi)
 (January 31, 2018)
  Density150/km2 (390/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+9 (Japan Standard Time)
City symbols 
-TreeJapanese beech
-FlowerMorning glory
-BirdJapanese bush-warbler
Phone number076-276-1111 
Address2-1 Kuramitsu, Hakusan-shi, Ishikawa-ken 924-8688
WebsiteOfficial website


Hakusan is located in southwestern Ishikawa Prefecture in the Hokuriku region of Japan and is bordered by the Sea of Japan to the west and Fukui Prefecture to the south, and Gifu Prefecture and Toyama Prefectures to the east. The southeastern portion of the city is dominated by high mountains. Parts of the city are within the borders of Hakusan National Park.

Neighbouring municipalities


Per Japanese census data,[2] the population of Hakusan has almost doubled over the past 40 years.

Census Year Population
1970 65,725
1980 81,286
1990 98,499
2000 106,977
2010 110,459


Hakusan has a humid continental climate (Köppen Cfa) characterized by mild summers and cold winters with heavy snowfall. The average annual temperature in Hakusan is 14.2 °C. The average annual rainfall is 2542 mm with September as the wettest month.The temperatures are highest on average in August, at around 26.8 °C, and lowest in January, at around 2.9 °C.[3]


The area around Hakusan was part of ancient Kaga Province. The area became part Kaga Domain under the Edo period Tokugawa shogunate. Following the Meiji restoration, the area was organised into Ishikawa District, Ishikawa. The town of Mattō was established with the creation of the modern municipalities system on April 1, 1889. It became a city on October 10, 1970. On February 1, 2005, Mattō merged with the towns of Mikawa and Tsurugi, and the villages of Kawachi, Oguchi, Shiramine, Torigoe and Yoshinodani (all from Ishikawa District) to form the city of Hakusan.


Hakusan has a mayor-council form of government with a directly elected mayor and a unicameral city legislature of 21 members.


Eizo and its subsidiary, Irem, have their headquarters in Hakusan.[4][5]


Hakusan has 19 public elementary schools and ten middle schools operated by the city government, and three public high schools operated by the Ishikawa Prefectural Board of Education and one by the city government. There is also one private high school. Kinjo College, a private junior college is also located in Hakusan.



West Japan Railway Company - Hokuriku Main Line

Hokuriku Railroad - Ishikawa Line


National Route 8
National Route 157
National Route 305
National Route 360

Sister city relations

Local attractions


  1. Official statistics page
  2. Hakusan population statistics
  3. Hakusan climate data
  4. "Corporate Information." Eizo. Retrieved on October 20, 2009.
  5. "About Irem." Irem. Retrieved on October 20, 2009.
  6. 鳥越城跡 附二曲城跡. Cultural Heritage Online (in Japanese). Agency for Cultural Affairs. Retrieved 25 September 2018.

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