Haderslev Cathedral seen from the inner pond
Coat of arms
|Coordinates: 55°14′34″N 9°31′30″E|
|Region||Southern Denmark (Syddanmark)|
|• Mayor||Hans Peter Geil|
|Elevation||10 m (30 ft)|
|Time zone||UTC+1 (CET)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC+2 (CEST)|
|Area code(s)||(+45) 7|
Haderslev is situated in a valley, leading from Vojens to Haderslev Fjord and the Baltic Sea. Haderslev was presumably founded by Vikings at least a century before it was granted status as royal borough in 1292. At that time, it had become one of the main trading centres in Southern Jutland. In 1327, Haderslevhus, the royal castle, was mentioned for the first time. It was situated east of the cathedral, in an area still called Slotsgrunden. In the following centuries the city prospered, building both the Gothic Cathedral and the second castle of Hansborg (burnt in 1644), which was similar to Kronborg. Due to the plague in Copenhagen, King Christian IV was married there. In the 16th century, the city became one of the first Scandinavian centres of Lutheranism during the Reformation. Prior to the Second Schleswig War of 1864, Haderslev was situated in the Duchy of Schleswig, a Danish fief, so its history is properly included in the contentious history of Schleswig-Holstein. From 1864 it was part of Prussia, and as such part of the North German Confederation, and from 1871 onwards, part of the German Empire. In the 1920 Schleswig Plebiscite that returned Northern Schleswig to Denmark, 38.6% of Haderslev's inhabitants voted for remaining part of Germany and 61.4% voted for the cession to Denmark. It was formerly the capital of the German Kreis Hadersleben and the Danish Haderslev County.
Buildings in Haderslev
The trademark of Haderslev is unquestionably Haderslev Cathedral, which has existed since the middle of the 13th century, and since 1922 it was the seat of Haderslev Diocese. The town was an important breeding ground for the reformation in Denmark, and as early as 1526 Christian introduced, as the duke of Schleswig-Holstein, the reformation in Haderslev, just eight years before he became King of Denmark.
Another noticeable church is the white-chalked Sankt Severin Church, which lies at the banks of the town's inner pond.
Because of a renovation of the town's oldest houses, it means Haderslev offers a unique collection of houses and buildings from 1400 to the beginning of the 20th century, and the town center's cobbled streets and alleys is very suitable for town strolling.
Once the town used to have a castle named "Haderslev Hus", but due to several town fires through the town's history the castle is no longer existent.
In the public park "Kløften", near the town's center, Kløften Festival is held - a three-day annual festival in the summer. The festival uses one of Haderslev's important trademarks, the red-bricked water tower near the park as its logo.
Education in Haderslev
Former municipality (1970–2006)
A kommune by the previous name existed 1970–2006. It belonged to South Jutland County and covered an area of 272 square kilometres (105 sq mi) with a total population of 56,116 (2011). Its last mayor was Hans Peter Geil, a member of the liberal (Venstre) political party.
Haderslev is twinned with:
- Eric Christoffersen of Denmark (c.1307 – c.1332) King of Denmark from 1321. In 1325 his father asked him to halt the Counts of Holstein and their allies, but was deserted by his troops, taken prisoner and confined in Haderslev Castle
- Sophie of Pomerania (1498–1568) Queen of Denmark and Norway, mother of John II, Duke of Schleswig-Holstein-Haderslev
- Dorothea of Saxe-Lauenburg (1511 – 1571), consort of Christian III from 1525 and Queen consort of Denmark and Norway. Lived in her own courts in Haderslev
- John II, Duke of Schleswig-Holstein-Haderslev (1521 - 1580) was the only Duke of Schleswig-Holstein-Haderslev
- John II, Duke of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg (1545–1622) was the Duke of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg
- Jens Hermansson Juel (1580 - 1634) was a Danish nobleman who served as Governor-general of Norway from 1618 to 1629
- Frederick III of Denmark (1609–1670) king of Denmark and Norway 1648-1670
- Georg Nikolaus von Nissen (1761 – 1826) music historian and diplomat, author of one of the first biographies of Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart
- Heinrich Hansen (born 1821 Haderslev – 1890) was a Danish architectural painter and State Councillor
- Anton Eduard Kieldrup (born 1826, Haderslev – 1869) was a Danish landscape painter.
- Hans Lynge (1906 - 1988) was a Greenlandic author, dramatist, painter, politician, printmaker, and sculptor
- Helmuth Ellgaard (1913 - 1980) was a German illustrator, artist and journalist
- Torben Ebbesen (born 1945) a Danish sculptor and painter
Science & Commerce
- Niels Toller (1592 – 1642) merchant, settled in Norway, the wealthiest person in Christiania
- Arend Friedrich Wiegmann (1770 – 1853) was a German pharmacist and botanist
- Heinrich Nissen (born 1839 in Hadersleben - 1912) was a German professor of ancient history
- Christian August Volquardsen (born 1840 in Hadersleben – 1917) was a German classical historian.
- Julius Langbehn (1851 – 1907) was a German far right art historian and philosopher.
- Günter Weitling (born 1935) a Lutheran theologian, historian, and author.
- Svend Wad (1928 – 2004) boxer, the Olympic Bronze Medalist at lightweight in London in 1948
- Jørn Krab (born 1945) a Danish rower who competed in the 1968 Summer Olympics
- Ole Olsen (born 1946) a former international motorcycle speedway rider
- Preben Krab (born 1952) a Danish rower who competed in the 1968 Summer Olympics
- Finn Jensen (born 1957) is a former motorcycle speedway rider
- Patrick Galbraith (born 1986) a Danish professional ice hockey goaltender
- Mathias Laursen (born 1990) runner-up in Connect Four World Championships in 2017.
- S. Madsen, Lennart (4 February 2012). "HADERSLEV BYS HISTORIE". museum-sonderjylland.dk/ (in Danish). Retrieved 4 February 2012.
- BY3: Population 1 January, by urban areas The Mobile Statbank from Statistics Denmark
- LeMO (14 March 1920). "Kollektives Gedächtnis: Volksabstimmung in Schleswig-Holstein 1920". Dhm.de. Retrieved 5 May 2009.
- "Rybnik Official Website – Twin Towns". Urząd Miasta Rybnika, ul. Bolesława Chrobrego 2, 44–200 Rybnik. Retrieved 1 November 2008.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Haderslev.|