Haakon, Crown Prince of Norway
In 2001, Haakon married Mette-Marit Tjessem Høiby with whom he has two children. He has an older sister, Princess Märtha Louise. In accordance with Norway's agnatic primogeniture succession, Haakon became crown prince when his father ascended the throne in 1991.
Family and early life
Haakon was born in 20 July 1973 at The National Hospital in Gaustad, Oslo, the only son and younger child of Crown Prince Harald and Crown Princess Sonja. His father was the son of the reigning Norwegian monarch, King Olav V. At birth he was named Haakon Magnus, and it was stressed in the announcement that he would go by the name Haakon. He was named in honor of his paternal great-grandfather, King Haakon VII, and his maternal uncle Haakon Haraldsen. When Haakon was 18, his grandfather Olav died, leading to the ascension of his father as King Harald V and himself as crown prince.
Haakon has one sibling, Princess Märtha Louise of Norway (born 1971). In 1990, the Norwegian constitution was altered, granting absolute primogeniture to the Norwegian throne, meaning that the eldest child, regardless of gender, takes precedence in the line of succession. This was not, however, done retroactively (as, for example, Sweden had done in 1980), meaning that Haakon continues to take precedence over his older sister. He is also in the line of succession to the British throne, albeit highly removed, as a great-great-grandson of Edward VII.
Education and military
Haakon has served in the Royal Norwegian Navy, where he undertook his first-level officer's education at the Norwegian Naval Academy. This was then followed with a year aboard missile torpedo boats and other vessels. He received a Bachelor of Arts degree in political science from the University of California, Berkeley in 1999. Haakon later attended lectures at the University of Oslo and took the Norwegian Ministry of Foreign Affairs' civil servant introductory course in 2001. He completed his education in 2003 at the London School of Economics, where he was awarded an MSc in development studies, specializing in international trade and Africa.
Marriage and children
Haakon married a commoner and single mother Mette-Marit Tjessem Høiby on 25 August 2001, at Oslo Cathedral. Frederik, Crown Prince of Denmark was the best man. When the engagement between Crown Prince Haakon and Høiby was announced, many Norwegians felt that his choice of wife was inappropriate. This was primarily about her being a single mother, but information concerning her involvement in the rave scene in Oslo, which included a significant drug-subculture, also added to the controversy. In addition, the father of her child was convicted of drug-related offenses. In a heartfelt press conference before the wedding the bride explained her past, saying among other things that her youthful rebelliousness might have been stronger than most young people. The issue of Mette-Marit's past is an ongoing discussion in Norwegian public discourse.
The couple have two children together: Princess Ingrid Alexandra of Norway (born 21 January 2004 in Oslo) and Prince Sverre Magnus (born 3 December 2005 in Oslo). Haakon is also the stepfather to Mette-Marit's son Marius Borg Høiby.
From 25 November 2003 to 12 April 2004, Haakon was regent during the King's treatment for cancer and the subsequent convalescence period. Likewise, Haakon was Regent from 29 March 2005 until the King had fully recovered from the heart surgery he underwent on 1 April. This period ended on 7 June.
In addition to his official duties, Haakon has a strong interest in cultural matters. He also has given patronage to a number of organisations. In 2006, Haakon established Global Dignity with Pekka Himanen and John Hope Bryant. Global Dignity is an independent, non-political organization that promotes the universal right of every human being to lead a dignified life. Members of the organization include entrepreneurs Sir Richard Branson and Sandro Salsano.
Haakon was involved in several sports and seemed to take a particular liking to windsurfing and surfing. However, he has not engaged in serious competitions. Haakon is known as a big music fan. When he was younger, he attended music festivals all over Europe, including the Roskilde Festival in Denmark and the Quart Festival in Kristiansand, Norway.
He has also been part of Olympics ceremonies. In 1994, the Crown Prince and his father played roles during the opening ceremony in Lillehammer. While the King declared open the Games, the Crown Prince lit the cauldron, paying tribute to his father and grandfather having served as Olympians. He attended the opening ceremony of the 2010 Winter Olympics in Vancouver.
He accompanied the band Katzenjammer in their recording of the song "Vi tenner våre lykter" (for the 2011 Christmas-themed album of the same name). Proceeds benefited "Their Royal Highnesses The Crown Prince and Crown Princess funds."
Titles, styles, honours and awards
- 20 July 1973 - 17 January 1991: His Royal Highness Prince Haakon of Norway
- 17 January 1991 – present: His Royal Highness The Crown Prince of Norway
(° = Honours mentioned on his official website page)
- Knight Grand Cross with Collar of the Order of Saint Olav °
- Knight Grand Cross of Order of Merit °
- Defence Service Medal with Laurel Branch °
- Royal House Centennial Medal °
- Olav V's Commemorative Medal °
- Olav V's Jubilee Medal °
- Olav V's Centenary Medal °
- King Harald V's Jubilee Medal 1991-2016
- Royal Norwegian Navy Service Medal °
- Norwegian Reserve Officers' Association Badge of Honour °
- Naval Society Medal of Merit in gold °
- Oslo Military Society Badge of Honour in Gold °
Austria: Grand Decoration in Gold with Sash of the Order of Honour for Services to the Republic of Austria Brazil: Grand Cross of the Order of the Southern Cross Bulgaria: Grand Cross of the Order of the Balkan Mountains Denmark: Knight of Order of the Elephant ° (20 July 1991) Estonia: Member 1st Class of Order of the Cross of Terra Mariana ° (10 April 2002) Estonia: Member 1st Class of Order of the White Star (26 August 2014) Finland: Commander Grand Cross of the Order of the White Rose ° Germany: Grand Cross 1st Class of the Order of Merit of the Federal Republic of Germany ° Iceland: Grand Cross of the Order of the Falcon. Italy: Grand Cross of the Order of Merit of the Italian Republic (20 September 2004) ° Japan: Knight Grand Cordon of the Order of the Chrysanthemum Jordan: Knight Grand Cordon of the Supreme Order of the Renaissance Latvia: Grand Cross of the Order of the Three Stars (20 September 2000) ° Latvia: Grand Cross of the Order of Recognition Lithuania : Grand Cross of the Order of Vytautas the Great (23 March 2011) ° Luxembourg: Knight Grand Cross of the Order of Adolph of Nassau ° Netherlands: Knight Grand Cross with Swords of the Order of Orange-Nassau ° Poland: Grand Cross of the Order of Merit of the Republic of Poland (16 September 2003)° Portugal: Grand Cross of the Order of Infante Henry (13 February 2004) ° Slovenia: Recipient of the The Golden Order of Merit in the military or security fiel ° (6 November 2019) Spain: Knight Grand Cross of the Order of Charles III (26 May 2006)° Sweden: Knight of the Royal Order of the Seraphim °
He is a third cousin of Charles, Prince of Wales, heir apparent of the United Kingdom. As a descendant of King Edward VII of the United Kingdom, Haakon is also eligible to succeed to the thrones of the sixteen Commonwealth realms.
|Ancestors of Haakon, Crown Prince of Norway|
- "The Royal Family". Retrieved 25 October 2014.
- The Royal House of Norway - Skaugum Estate
- His godparents are King Olav V of Norway, Princess Astrid of Norway, Prince Carl Bernadotte, King Carl XVI Gustaf of Sweden, Queen Margrethe II of Denmark, and Anne, Princess Royal of the United Kingdom.
- "Crown Prince Breaks Tradition at Berkeley / Norway's royal son has enrolled at Cal". SFGate. Retrieved 31 May 2017.
- "Hans Kongelige Høyhet Kronprinsen utnevnes til admiral og general". Government.no (in Norwegian). Ministry of Defence. 15 November 2013. Archived from the original on 13 June 2015. Retrieved 14 December 2013.
- Hello profile of the Crown Princess
- "Crown Prince, and Crown Princess Mette-Marit Haakon". Encyclopedia Britannica. Retrieved 31 May 2017.
- Katzenjammer - Vi tenner våre lykter, accessed October 26, 2012.
- "Tildeling av Kong Harald Vs jubileumsmedalje 1991-2016". Kongehuset (in Norwegian). Retrieved 20 January 2016.
- - website typischich.at
- "Reply to a parliamentary question about the Decoration of Honour" (pdf) (in German). p. 1811. Retrieved November 2012. Check date values in:
- "Modtagere af danske dekorationer". Kongehuset (in Danish). 12 December 2017. Retrieved 3 September 2019.
- Official website of the President of Estonia (Estonian)
- Estonia: Member 1st Class of the ((Order of the White Star))
- "Vabariigi President". www.president.ee. Retrieved 3 September 2019.
- Noblesse et Royautés Archived 17 March 2013 at the Wayback Machine (French), State visit of President of Finland in Norway, 2012, Photo Archived 17 March 2013 at the Wayback Machine
- "Le onorificenze della Repubblica Italiana". www.quirinale.it. Retrieved 3 September 2019.
- Norwegian Crown Prince website
- vestnesis.lv. "Par Norvēģijas Karalistes pavalstnieku apbalvošanu… - Latvijas Vēstnesis". www.vestnesis.lv (in Latvian). Retrieved 3 September 2019.
- Lithuanian Presidency, Lithuanian Orders searching form
- Photo of a State visit of Lithuania to Norway, March 2011
- "Postanowienie Prezydenta Rzeczypospolitej Polskiej z dnia 15 września 2003 r. o nadaniu orderów". prawo.sejm.gov.pl. Retrieved 3 September 2019.
- Alvará n.º 2/2004. Diário da República n.º 77/2004, Série II de 2004-03-3. p.5092.
- Boletín Oficial del Estado
- Crown Prince wins Pakistani prize – website Views and News from Norway
- "National Archives of Norway". Retrieved 21 August 2014.
- "National Archives of Norway-listed as Joh. C. Ulrichsen". Retrieved 21 August 2014.
- "National Archives of Norway". Retrieved 21 August 2014.
- "Image of Grave Site". Retrieved 21 August 2014.
- "National Archives of Norway-listed as Maja Ulrichsen". Retrieved 21 August 2014.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Haakon, Crown Prince of Norway.|
- Haakon's biography on the Royal Court's official website
- Haakon, Norges kronprins. NRK interview for his 18th birthday
- (translation of title: - The couple, the Crown Prince and Crown Princess, are doing political work) "- Kronprinsparet driver politisk arbeid"
Haakon, Crown Prince of NorwayBorn: 20 July 1973
| Crown Prince of Norway
Princess Ingrid Alexandra
|Lines of succession|
|First in line|| Line of succession to the Norwegian throne
Princess Ingrid Alexandra of Norway
The King of Norway
| Line of succession to the British throne
descended from Maud, daughter of Edward VII
Prince Sverre Magnus of Norway
| Final Olympic torchbearer
Michel Platini &
| Final Winter Olympic torchbearer