Ha (kana)

, in hiragana, or in katakana, is one of the Japanese kana, each of which represent one mora. Both represent [ha]. They are also used as a grammatical particle (in such cases, they denote [wa], including in the greeting "kon'nichiwa") and serve as the topic marker of the sentence. は originates from 波 and ハ from 八.

ha
transliterationha
hiragana origin
katakana origin
spelling kanaはがきのハ Hagaki no "ha"

In the Sakhalin dialect of the Ainu language, the katakana ハ can be written as small ㇵ to represent a final h sound after an a sound (アㇵ ah).[1] This, along with other extended katakana, was developed by Japanese linguists to represent sounds in Ainu not present in standard Japanese katakana. When used as a particle, は is pronounced as わ [wa]. は is also pronounced as わ in some words.

Form Rōmaji Hiragana Katakana
Normal h-
(は行 ha-gyō)
ha
haa
, hah
はあ, はぁ
はー
ハア, ハァ
ハー
Addition dakuten b-
(ば行 ba-gyō)
ba
baa
, bah
ばあ, ばぁ
ばー
バア, バァ
バー
Addition handakuten p-
(ぱ行 pa-gyō)
pa
paa
, pah
ぱあ, ぱぁ
ぱー
パア, パァ
パー

Stroke order

The Hiragana は is made with three strokes:

  1. A vertical line on the left side with a small curve.
  2. A horizontal stroke near the center.
  3. A vertical stroke on the right at the center of the second stroke followed by a loop near the end.

The Katakana ハ is made with two strokes:

  1. A straight stroke from the top pointing towards the bottom left.
  2. Another straight stroke going the opposite way, i.e. from the top to the bottom right.

Other representations

Character
Unicode nameHIRAGANA LETTER HAKATAKANA LETTER HAHALFWIDTH KATAKANA LETTER HAKATAKANA LETTER SMALL HA
Encodingsdecimalhexdecimalhexdecimalhexdecimalhex
Unicode12399U+306F12495U+30CF65418U+FF8A12789U+31F5
UTF-8227 129 175E3 81 AF227 131 143E3 83 8F239 190 138EF BE 8A227 135 181E3 87 B5
Numeric character referenceははハハハハㇵㇵ
Shift JIS130 20582 CD131 11083 6E202CA
Character
Unicode nameHIRAGANA LETTER BAKATAKANA LETTER BAHIRAGANA LETTER PAKATAKANA LETTER PA
Encodingsdecimalhexdecimalhexdecimalhexdecimalhex
Unicode12400U+307012496U+30D012401U+307112497U+30D1
UTF-8227 129 176E3 81 B0227 131 144E3 83 90227 129 177E3 81 B1227 131 145E3 83 91
Numeric character referenceばばババぱぱパパ
Shift JIS130 20682 CE131 11183 6F130 20782 CF131 11283 70
  • Braille
は / ハ in Japanese Braille
は / ハ
ha
ば / バ
ba
ぱ / パ
pa
はあ / ハー
ばあ / バー
ぱあ / パー
Other kana based on Braille
ひゃ / ヒャ
hya
びゃ / ビャ
bya
ぴゃ / ピャ
pya
ひゃあ / ヒャー
hyā
びゃあ / ビャー
byā
ぴゃあ / ピャー
pyā

See also

References

[1]

  1. Soergel, Nicolas (3 October 2011). "Particle は (wa)". Nihongo Ichiban.
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