Ha'il Region

Haʾil Region (Arabic: مِنْطَقَة حَائِل Minṭaqat Ḥāʾil) is a region of Saudi Arabia, located in the north of the country. It has an area of 103,887 km² and a population of 527,033 (2004) census). Its capital is Haʾil. It is subdivided into four governorates: (with population):

  1. Ha'il 412,758
  2. Al-Ghazalah 102,588
  3. Ash-Shinan 41,641
  4. Baqa 40,157

Haʾil Region

مِنْطَقَة حَائِل (in Arabic)
Hilly, desert landscape near the Shammar Mountains
Map of Saudi Arabia with Haʾil highlighted
  GovernorAbdulaziz bin Saad Al Saud
  Total103,887 km2 (40,111 sq mi)
 (2010 census)
  Density5.7/km2 (15/sq mi)
ISO 3166-2


This region hosts the Shammar Mountains' range, further divided into the Aja and Salma subranges.[1][2] There is also a protected area named after Jabal Aja.[3]

History and governance

In 1921, King Abdulaziz captured Ha'il.[4] The province was completely controlled by Al Sauds in 1922.[5]

The region's current governor is Prince Saud bin Abdul Muhsin.[6] Muqrin bin Abdulaziz was the former governor of Ha'il Province from 1980 to 1999.


Historical population
YearPop.±% p.a.

Rock art

Ha'il Region is the home of the Rock Art site which was inscribed on the UNESCO List of World Heritage Sites in two components: Jabel Umm Sinman at Jubbah and the Jabal al-Manjor and Raat at Shuwaymis.[8]


  • Ha'il
  • Baqa'a
  • Al-Ghazalah
  • Ash-Shnan
  • Sumaira'a
  • Mawqaq
  • Ash-Shamli
  • Al-Sulaimi
  • Al-Hayet



  1. Cavendish, Marshall (2007). World and Its Peoples. 1. Cavendish Square Publishing. p. 11. ISBN 978-0-7614-7571-2.
  2. المجاري المائية]، هيئة المساحة الجيوليوجية السعودية - حقائق وأرقام، ص: 65. (PDF) (in Arabic), Saudi Geological Survey, 2012
  3. Llewellyn, O. A.; Hall, M.; Miller, A. G.; Al-Abbasi, T. M.; Al-Wetaid, A. H.; Al-Harbi, R. J.; Al-Shammari, K. F. (2011). "Important Plant Areas in the Arabian Peninsula: 4. Jabal Aja'". Edinburgh Journal of Botany. 68 (2): 199–224. doi:10.1017/S0960428611000059.
  4. Balka, Charles E. (December 2008). "The fate of Saudi Arabia: Regime evolution in the Saudi monarchy". NPS. Retrieved 23 April 2012.
  5. Al Kahtani, Mohammad Zaid (December 2004). "The Foreign Policy of King Abdulaziz" (PDF). University of Leeds. Retrieved 21 July 2013.
  6. "Map of Provinces". Royal Embassy of Saudi Arabia, Washington, DC. Retrieved 8 May 2011.
  7. Saudi Arabia: Regions and Cities
  8. Centre, UNESCO World Heritage. "Rock Art in the Hail Region of Saudi Arabia". UNESCO World Heritage Centre. Retrieved 2019-02-05.
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