HM LST-414

HMS LST-414 was a United States Navy LST-1-class tank landing ship that was transferred to the Royal Navy during World War II. As with many of her class, the ship was never named. Instead, she was referred to by her hull designation.

History
United Kingdom
Name: LST-414
Ordered: as a Type S3-M-K2 hull, MCE hull 934[1]
Builder: Bethlehem-Fairfield Shipyard, Baltimore, Maryland
Yard number: 2186[1]
Laid down: 18 October 1942
Launched: 21 November 1942
Commissioned: 19 January 1943
Identification: Hull symbol: LST-414
Fate: lost in action, 15 August 1943
General characteristics [2]
Class and type: LST-1-class tank landing ship
Displacement:
  • 1,625 long tons (1,651 t) (light)
  • 4,080 long tons (4,145 t) (full (seagoing draft with 1,675 short tons (1,520 t) load)
  • 2,366 long tons (2,404 t) (beaching)
Length: 328 ft (100 m) oa
Beam: 50 ft (15 m)
Draft:
  • Unloaded: 2 ft 4 in (0.71 m) forward; 7 ft 6 in (2.29 m) aft
  • Full load: 8 ft 2 in (2.49 m) forward; 14 ft 1 in (4.29 m) aft
  • Landing with 500 short tons (450 t) load: 3 ft 11 in (1.19 m) forward; 9 ft 10 in (3.00 m) aft
Installed power:
Propulsion:
Speed: 12 kn (22 km/h; 14 mph)
Range: 24,000 nmi (44,000 km; 28,000 mi) at 9 kn (17 km/h; 10 mph) while displacing 3,960 long tons (4,024 t)
Boats & landing
craft carried:
2 x LCVPs
Capacity: 1,600–1,900 short tons (3,200,000–3,800,000 lb; 1,500,000–1,700,000 kg) cargo depending on mission
Troops: 16 officers, 147 enlisted men
Complement: 13 officers, 104 enlisted men
Armament:

Construction

LST-414 was laid down on 18 October 1942, under Maritime Commission (MARCOM) contract, MC hull 934, by the Bethlehem-Fairfield Shipyard, Baltimore, Maryland; launched 21 November 1942; then transferred to the United Kingdom and commissioned on 19 January 1943.[3]

Service history

LST-414 saw no active service in the United States Navy.[3]

At 03:35, 15 August 1943, LST-414 was struck by a torpedo off Cani Rocks, Tunisia. Capitano Carlo Faggioni, of the Regia Aeronautica (Italian Air Force), had flown his SM.79 torpedo bomber of the 278th ''Squadriglia'', 132nd ''Gruppo'', from Decimomannu Airfield in Sardinia. LST-414 was later beached off Bizerta.[4]

She struck from the Navy list on 24 November 1943.[3]

See also

Notes

    Citations

    Bibliography

    Online resources

    • "LST-414". Dictionary of American Naval Fighting Ships. Naval History and Heritage Command. Retrieved 30 April 2017. This article incorporates text from this source, which is in the public domain.
    • "Bethlehem-Fairfield, Baltimore MD". www.ShipbuildingHistory.com. 14 August 2008. Retrieved 30 April 2017.
    • "USS LST-414". Navsource.org. 15 November 2004. Retrieved 30 April 2017.
    • Helgason, Guðmundur. "HMS LST-414". German U-boats of WWII - uboat.net. Retrieved 30 April 2017.


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