HMS Tiger (1900)

HMS Tiger was a Clydebank -built three funnel 30-knot destroyer purchased by the Royal Navy under the 1899 – 1900 Naval Estimates. She was the tenth ship to carry this name since it was introduced in 1542 for a 22-gun galleasse.[1]

History
United Kingdom
Name: HMS Tiger
Builder: John Brown & Company, Clydebank
Launched: 19 May 1900
Acquired: 1899 – 1900 Naval Estimates
Commissioned: 21 August 1901
Fate: Sunk by collision with HMS Berwick, 2 April 1908
General characteristics
Class and type: Clydebank three funnel - 30 knot destroyer
Displacement:
  • 380 long tons (386 t) light
  • 425 long tons (432 t) full load
Length: 222 ft (67.7 m) o/a
Beam: 20 ft 6 in (6.25 m)
Draught: 8 ft 11 in (2.72 m)
Installed power:
Propulsion:
Speed: 30 knots (56 km/h; 35 mph)
Complement: 63 officers and men
Armament:

Construction

On 31 March 1900, as part of the 1899–1900 construction programme for the Royal Navy, the British Admiralty purchased three destroyers that were being built by the Clydebank shipbuilder John Brown and Company as speculative builds, yard numbers 334, 335 and 336 (to become Thorn, Tiger and Vigilant respectively).[2] The three ships closely resembled Kestrel, built by the shipbuilder as part of the 1896–1897 programme.[3] They had an overall length of 222 feet (67.7 m) and a length between perpendiculars of 218 feet (66.4 m), with a beam of 20 feet 6 inches (6.25 m) and a draught of 8 feet 11 inches (2.72 m). Displacement was 380 long tons (390 t) light and 425 long tons (432 t) full load.[2] Four Normand boilers fed steam at 230 pounds per square inch (1,600 kPa) to triple expansion steam engines rated at 6,400 indicated horsepower (4,800 kW) and driving two propeller shafts. Three funnels were fitted.[2]

The ships were required to reach a speed of 30 knots (56 km/h; 35 mph) during sea trials and carry an armament of a single QF 12 pounder 12 cwt (3 in (76 mm) calibre) gun, backed up by five 6-pounder guns, and two 18-inch (450 mm) torpedo tubes. An arched turtleback forecastle was fitted.[4][5] The ship had a crew of 63 officers and ratings.[6]

Tiger was launched on 19 May 1900.[7] The ship was completed and accepted by the Royal Navy in June 1901.[7]

Service

Tiger was commissioned at Devonport 21 August 1901, and assigned to the Portsmouth Flotilla of the Home Fleet.[8] She spent her entire operational career in Home Waters.[2] Tiger was paid off on 4 January 1902, when her crew was turned over to HMS Ostrich, which took her place in the Flotilla.[9]

On the night of 25 September 1907, Tiger ran aground on the breakwater of Portland Harbour tearing off a large length of the ship's keel and holing the ship.[10]

On 2 April 1908 Tiger took part in a Home Fleet exercise in the English Channel 18 miles south of the Isle of Wight. Part of the exercise was to test fleet defence against a torpedo boat night attack, with all ships running without lights. Tiger and Recruit were carrying out a mock torpedo attack when Tiger crossed the bow of Berwick, an armoured cruiser. Tiger was cut in two with the forward section sinking almost immediately. The stern remained afloat long enough to 22 members of her crew to be rescued, but 36 men, including Tiger's captain, Lieutenant W.E. Middleton were lost.[11][12]

References

  1. Jane, Fred T. (1969) [1898]. Jane's All the World's Fighting Ships 1898. New York: first published by Sampson Low Marston, London 1898, Reprinted ARCO Publishing Company. p. 84 to 85.
  2. Lyon 2001, p. 68
  3. Lyon 2001, pp. 67–68
  4. Lyon 2001, pp. 22–23
  5. Lyon 2001, pp. 98–99
  6. Manning 1961, p. 44
  7. Friedman 2009, p. 303
  8. "Naval & Military intelligence". The Times (36540). London. 22 August 1901. p. 4.
  9. "Naval & Military intelligence". The Times (36654). London. 2 January 1902. p. 8.
  10. "Naval Matters—Past and Prospective: Portsmouth Dockyard". The Marine Engineer and Naval Architect. Vol. 30. 1 November 1907. p. 132.
  11. Kemp 1999, p. 4
  12. "Naval Disaster: Cutting Down of the Tiger: Crushed as an Eggshell". The Sydney Morning Herald. 6 April 1908. p. 7.
  • Friedman, Norman (2009). British Destroyers: From Earliest Days to the Second World War. Barnsley, UK: Seaforth Publishing. ISBN 978-1-84832-049-9.
  • Kemp, Paul (1999). The Admiralty Regrets: British Warship Losses of the 20th Century. Stroud, UK: Sutton Publishing. ISBN 0-7509-1567-6.
  • Lyon, David (2001). The First Destroyers. London: Caxton Editions. ISBN 1-84067-3648.
  • Manning, T.D. (1961). The British Destroyer. London: Putnam. OCLC 6470051.


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