HMS Superb (S109)
HMS Superb on the Clyde in Scotland.
|Ordered:||20 May 1970|
|Laid down:||16 March 1972|
|Launched:||30 November 1974|
|Commissioned:||13 November 1976|
|Decommissioned:||26 September 2008|
|Identification:||Pennant number: S109|
|Motto:||With Strength and Courage|
|Status:||Decommissioned at Devonport|
|Class and type:||Swiftsure-class submarine|
|Displacement:||4,900 tonnes (dived)|
|Length:||82.9 m (272 ft 0 in)|
|Beam:||9.8 m (32 ft 2 in)|
|Draught:||8.5 m (27 ft 11 in)|
|Propulsion:||1 × Rolls-Royce pressurised water nuclear reactor (PWR1)|
|Speed:||In excess of 20 knots (37 km/h), dived|
|Complement:||116 officers and men|
She was built by Vickers Shipbuilding Group, now a division of BAE Systems Submarine Solutions. Superb was launched on 30 November 1974 at Barrow-in-Furness, Cumbria and commissioned into the Royal Navy on 13 November 1976. After being damaged in May 2008 in the Red Sea, she returned to HMNB Devonport where she was decommissioned slightly ahead of schedule on 26 September 2008.
She was the first British submarine to visit the Arctic Ocean and sail under the polar ice caps.
During the Falklands War, Superb was spotted sailing from Gibraltar, which prompted press speculation that she was sailing to the South Atlantic to enforce a maritime exclusion zone. In fact, only Spartan was sailing south at that time but the speculation was useful to promote the apparent threat of the Royal Navy in the South Atlantic and was not corrected by the Navy or Ministry of Defence.
On 26 May 2008 Superb hit an underwater pinnacle in the Red Sea, 80 miles (130 km) south of the Suez Canal. She remained watertight, and none of the 112 crew were injured; however, she was unable to re-submerge due to damage to her sonar. After undertaking initial repairs at the Souda Bay NATO base on Crete on 10 June 2008, she passed through the Mediterranean Sea, with a pause (at night) some miles off Gibraltar to disembark some less critical crew. Superb then continued back to the UK, arriving at Devonport Dockyard on 28 June 2008. After surveying the damage, the Royal Navy decided to decommission Superb slightly ahead of schedule on 26 September 2008.
Nearly two years after the grounding, Superb's commanding officer at the time of the accident and two other officers were reprimanded for their roles in the collision. All three pleaded guilty to the charges of neglecting to perform their duty in failing to notice that the submarine was travelling towards the pinnacle. Despite the incident, all three officers were still serving in the Royal Navy at the time of the court-martial.
- "British Launch Tomahawk Missiles As Part Of Strikes On Afghanistan". Defense Daily. 10 October 2001. Archived from the original on 24 September 2015. Retrieved 10 August 2015 – via HighBeam Research.
- "MoD acts over submarine incident". BBC. 3 June 2008. Archived from the original on 12 July 2012. Retrieved 3 June 2008.
- "UK submarine hits Red Sea rocks". BBC. 27 May 2008. Retrieved 27 May 2008.
- "Superb submarine's final service". BBC. 26 September 2008. Retrieved 27 September 2008.
- "Submarine commander reprimanded after grounding". BBC News Online. 15 March 2010. Retrieved 15 March 2010.