HMS Simoom (1918)

HMS Simoom (sometimes incorrectly spelt Simoon) was an S-class destroyer which served with the Royal Navy. Launched on 26 January 1918, the vessel operated as part of the Grand Fleet during World War I. At the end of the conflict, Simoom was placed in reserve and scrapped on 8 January 1931. The name was reused from an R-class destroyer sunk on 23 January 1917.

Four S-class destroyers, sistership HMS Scimitar in the foreground
History
United Kingdom
Name: HMS Simoom
Namesake: Simoom
Ordered: 17 April 1917
Builder: John Brown & Company, Clydebank
Yard number: 472
Laid down: 2 July 1917
Launched: 26 January 1918
Commissioned: 12 March 1918
Decommissioned: 8 January 1931
Fate: Scrapped
General characteristics
Class and type: S-class destroyer
Displacement:
  • 1,075 long tons (1,092 t) normal
  • 1,221 long tons (1,241 t) deep load
Length: 265 ft (80.8 m) p.p.
Beam: 26 ft 8 in (8.13 m)
Draught: 9 ft 10 in (3.00 m) mean
Propulsion:
Speed: 36 knots (41.4 mph; 66.7 km/h)
Range: 2,750 nmi (5,090 km) at 15 kn (28 km/h)
Complement: 90
Armament:

Design and construction

Design

Simoom was ordered from John Brown & Company of Clydebank in April 1917 as the first of 24 S-class destroyers.[1] The S class were intended as a fast 36 knots (67 km/h; 41 mph) destroyer for service that would be cheaper than the large V-class destroyers that preceded them and so able to be procured in large numbers.[2] The ship was 276 feet (84.12 m) long overall and 265 feet (80.77 m) between perpendiculars, with a beam of 26 feet 8 inches (8.13 m) and a draught of 9 feet 10 inches (3.00 m). Displacement was 1,075 long tons (1,092 t) standard.[3] Three Yarrow boilers fed Brown-Curtiss single-reduction steam turbines which drove two propeller shafts, and generated 27,000 shaft horsepower (20,000 kW) at 360 rpm, giving the required 36 knot speed. 301 long tons (306 t) of oil could be carried, giving a range of 2,750 nautical miles (5,090 km; 3,160 mi) at 15 knots (28 km/h; 17 mph).[4] Simoom was armed with three 4-inch (102 mm) guns and a single 2-pounder (40 mm) "pom-pom" anti-aircraft gun. Torpedo armament was four 21-inch (533 mm) torpedo tubes in two twin rotating mounts.[3]

Construction

Simoom was the fifth ship in the Royal Navy named after the simoom, a dry wind that sweeps across the Arabian peninsula.[5] It reused the name of the similar R-class destroyer Simoom built by the same company that had been sunk in action on 23 January 1917.[6] The ship was laid down by John Brown & Company at Clydebank on 6 August 1917 and delivered on 12 March 1918, a swift seven months.[7] The vessel was launched on 26 January 1918.[8] Simoom was allocated the tenant number G44.[9]

Service

On commissioning, Simoom joined the 12th Destroyer Flotilla of the Grand Fleet and served there until the end of World War I.[10] After the conflict, the ship was reduced to reserve in February 1920.[11] The destroyer was sold for scrap to Metal Industries, Limited at Charlestown on 8 January 1931.[12]

References

Citations

Bibliography

  • Colledge, J. J.; Warlow, Ben (2010). Ships of the Royal Navy: A Complete Record of All Fighting Ships of the Royal Navy From the 15th Century to the Present. London: Chatham. ISBN 978-1-93514-907-1.
  • Dittmar, F.J.; Colledge, J.J. (1972). British Warships 1914–1919. Shepperton: Ian Allan. ISBN 0-7110-0380-7.
  • Friedman, Norman (2009). British Destroyers: From Earliest Days to the First World War. Barnsley: Seaforth Publishing. ISBN 978-1-84832-049-9.
  • Gardiner, Robert; Gray, Randal, eds. (1985). Conway's All the World's Fighting Ships 1906–1921. London: Conway Maritime Press. ISBN 0-85177-245-5.
  • Johnston, Ian (2014). Jordan, John (ed.). A Shipyard at war: Unseen Photographs of John Brown & Co. Ltd, Clydebank, 1914–18. Annapolis: Naval Institute Press. ISBN 978-1-59114-189-1.
  • Manning, Thomas Davys; Walker, Charles Frederick (1959). British Warship Names. London: Putnam.
  • Parkes, Oscar; Prendegast, Maurice (1919). Jane’s Fighting Ships. London: Sampson Low, Marston & Co. Ltd.
  • "Destroyer Flotillas of the Grand Fleet". The Navy List. October 1918. Retrieved 12 June 2019.
  • "The Royal Navy". The Navy List. January 1921. Retrieved 12 June 2019.
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