HMS Simoom (1918)
HMS Simoom (sometimes incorrectly spelt Simoon) was an S-class destroyer which served with the Royal Navy. Launched on 26 January 1918, the vessel operated as part of the Grand Fleet during World War I. At the end of the conflict, Simoom was placed in reserve and scrapped on 8 January 1931. The name was reused from an R-class destroyer sunk on 23 January 1917.
Four S-class destroyers, sistership HMS Scimitar in the foreground
|Ordered:||17 April 1917|
|Builder:||John Brown & Company, Clydebank|
|Laid down:||2 July 1917|
|Launched:||26 January 1918|
|Commissioned:||12 March 1918|
|Decommissioned:||8 January 1931|
|Class and type:||S-class destroyer|
|Length:||265 ft (80.8 m) p.p.|
|Beam:||26 ft 8 in (8.13 m)|
|Draught:||9 ft 10 in (3.00 m) mean|
|Speed:||36 knots (41.4 mph; 66.7 km/h)|
|Range:||2,750 nmi (5,090 km) at 15 kn (28 km/h)|
Design and construction
Simoom was ordered from John Brown & Company of Clydebank in April 1917 as the first of 24 S-class destroyers. The S class were intended as a fast 36 knots (67 km/h; 41 mph) destroyer for service that would be cheaper than the large V-class destroyers that preceded them and so able to be procured in large numbers. The ship was 276 feet (84.12 m) long overall and 265 feet (80.77 m) between perpendiculars, with a beam of 26 feet 8 inches (8.13 m) and a draught of 9 feet 10 inches (3.00 m). Displacement was 1,075 long tons (1,092 t) standard. Three Yarrow boilers fed Brown-Curtiss single-reduction steam turbines which drove two propeller shafts, and generated 27,000 shaft horsepower (20,000 kW) at 360 rpm, giving the required 36 knot speed. 301 long tons (306 t) of oil could be carried, giving a range of 2,750 nautical miles (5,090 km; 3,160 mi) at 15 knots (28 km/h; 17 mph). Simoom was armed with three 4-inch (102 mm) guns and a single 2-pounder (40 mm) "pom-pom" anti-aircraft gun. Torpedo armament was four 21-inch (533 mm) torpedo tubes in two twin rotating mounts.
Simoom was the fifth ship in the Royal Navy named after the simoom, a dry wind that sweeps across the Arabian peninsula. It reused the name of the similar R-class destroyer Simoom built by the same company that had been sunk in action on 23 January 1917. The ship was laid down by John Brown & Company at Clydebank on 6 August 1917 and delivered on 12 March 1918, a swift seven months. The vessel was launched on 26 January 1918. Simoom was allocated the tenant number G44.
On commissioning, Simoom joined the 12th Destroyer Flotilla of the Grand Fleet and served there until the end of World War I. After the conflict, the ship was reduced to reserve in February 1920. The destroyer was sold for scrap to Metal Industries, Limited at Charlestown on 8 January 1931.
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