HMS Lightning (1806)

HMS Lightning was launched in 1806 as a Thais-class fireship. Like the other members of her class she was quickly converted to a sloop. She participated in the second Battle of Copenhagen, captured a number of small prizes, and was sold in 1816.

History
UK
Name: HMS Lightning
Ordered: 1 October 1805
Builder: Obadiah Ayles, Topsham
Laid down: January 1806
Launched: 14 October 1806
Fate: Sold August 1816
General characteristics [1]
Class and type: Thais class Ship-sloop
Tonnage: 422 (bm)
Length:
  • 108 ft 9 in (33.15 m) (overall)
  • 90 ft 7 in (27.6 m) (keel)
Beam: 29 ft 7 in (9.02 m)
Depth of hold: 9 ft 0 in (2.74 m)
Propulsion: Sails
Sail plan: Sloop
Complement: 121
Armament:
  • Upperdeck: 16 x 24-pounder carronades
  • QD: 6 x 18-pounder carronades
  • Fc: 2 x 9-pounder bow chasers + 2 x 18-pounder carronades

Design

The Thais-class fireships were built to a design by John Henslow. The Admiralty converted them to sloops as the design was quite similar to that of the Cormorant-class sloops. Between 1811 and 1812 they were re-rated as 20-gun post ships.[1]

Career

Commander Bentinck Cavendish Doyle commissioned Lightning in March 1807 for the North Sea. In August, Lightning was with the British fleet at Copenhagen, where Doyle commanded the naval brigade on shore. With Lightning he was present at the surrender of the Danish Fleet on 7 September.[Note 1] Lightning also received a share, with many other ships in the British fleet at Copenhagen in August–September 1807, of the prize money for the capture of Odifiord and Benedicta (4 and 12 September).[3]

In January and February 1808 Lightning was at Sheerness, being fitted as a sloop.[1] Then on 7 May Doyle sailed Lightning for Brazil. There she was part of the British squadron that supported the House of Braganza, which had fled Portugal for Brazil. The station was not one that would please any British naval officer looking for glory or prize money. The Portuguese nobility discouraged the British squadron from leaving port.[4]

On 8 October 1808, Lightning captured the Dutch armed transport Hoop, which she sent into the Cape of Good Hope. The initial prize money payment was in excess of £2000, of which Doyle would have received a quarter.[5] The House of Braganza, which had just expatriated to Brazil from Portugal, discouraged any vessels of the British squadron attached to them from going to sea.[4]

Lightning captured only one privateer during her career. This occurred on 20 or 21 November 1810 in the North Sea, when she captured the General D'Orsenne, of 14 guns and sixty-nine men.[6][Note 2] Lightning, Helicon, and Princess Charlotte were in company when Echo captured the privateer Confiance on 28 February 1811.[8] Confiance carried 16 guns and had a crew of 62 men.[9] Doyle was made post captain on 3 April 1811.[10] Around that time Lightning was re-rated to be a post ship, which meant that he could retain command. On 2 February 1812, Lightning sailed for the Leeward Islands.

In August or September 1812, Lightning detained the American droits Republican and Greyhound. On 2 September 1812, Lightning captured the Alligator.[11] Alligator, of Nantucket, was under the command of Captain Obed Swain and on her fifth voyage as a whaler. She had sailed for the Pacific in 1810 and was returning home with 1600 barrels of spermaceti oil.[12][Note 3]

Two more captures on the Leeward Islands station followed in October and November. On 12 October, Lightning captured the schooner Shepherdess. Then on 17 November Lightning captured the brig Brandy Wine.[14]

In 1813 Lightning recaptured Alexis, brig, of Greenock, carrying sugar, rum, cotton and coffee from Demerara, mounting ten guns, captured on 6 February 1813 by the American privateer Comet.[15]

Lightning, Vengeur, and Madagascar were in company on 6 March 1814 at the recapture of the Diamond.[Note 4] Twelve days later, on 18 March, Lightning recaptured the brig Favourite, of 126 tons and six men, which had been sailing from Waterford to Bilbao.[17][Note 5]

At about this time Lightning was escorting Spanish troops to Corruna. Doyle transferred to command Madagascar and Captain George Rennie took command of Lightning in August 1814 and sailed her for North America.[1]

Fate

The Admiralty put Lightning up for sale 28 August 1816.[19] She was sold at Deptford for £1,100 on the day she went on sale.[1]

Footnotes

Notes
  1. The prize money amounted to £3 8s for an ordinary seaman, or just slightly over two months wages.[2]
  2. A first-class share of the prize money was worth £119 5s 7d; a sixth-class share, that of an ordinary seaman, was worth £2 9s 4½d.[7]
  3. A first-class share for Greyhound was worth £264 1s 8¼d; a sixth-class share was worth £5 12s 7½d. A first-class share for Republican and Alligator together, was worth £702 8s 9½d; a sixth-class share was worth £15 6s 7½d.[13]
  4. A first-class share for Diamond was worth £59 3s 3½d; a sixth-class share was worth 10s 3¾d.[16]
  5. A first-class share of the salvage money for Favourite was worth £46 5s 7d; a sixth-class share was worth £1 0s 6¾d.[18]
Citations
  1. Winfield (2008), p.381.
  2. "No. 16275". The London Gazette. 11 July 1809. p. 1103.
  3. "No. 16728". The London Gazette. 11 May 1813. p. 924.
  4. Marshall (1835), Vol. 4, Part 2, p.279.
  5. "No. 16386". The London Gazette. 10 July 1810. p. 1028.
  6. "No. 16427". The London Gazette. 20 November 1810. p. 1862.
  7. "No. 16968". The London Gazette. 24 December 1814. p. 2512.
  8. "No. 16766". The London Gazette. 21 August 1813. p. 1668.
  9. "No. 16458". The London Gazette. 23 February 1811. p. 360.
  10. Marshall (1828), supplement, Part 2, pp.346-8.
  11. "No. 17133". The London Gazette. 4 May 1816. p. 829.
  12. National Maritime Digital Library - Alligator
  13. "No. 17137". The London Gazette. 18 May 1816. pp. 942–943.
  14. "No. 16713". The London Gazette. 20 March 1813. p. 581.
  15. Lloyd's List 18 May 1813, №4771.
  16. "No. 16945". The London Gazette. 12 April 1814. p. 2040.
  17. "No. 16884". The London Gazette. 11 October 1814. p. 794.
  18. "No. 16942". The London Gazette. 4 October 1814. p. 1988.
  19. "No. 17166". The London Gazette. 24 August 1816. p. 1644.

References

  • Marshall, John ( 1823-1835) Royal naval biography, or, Memoirs of the services of all the flag-officers, superannuated rear-admirals, retired-captains, post-captains, and commanders, whose names appeared on the Admiralty list of sea officers at the commencement of the present year 1823, or who have since been promoted ... (London: Longman, Hurst, Rees, Orme and Brown).
  • Winfield, Rif (2008). British Warships in the Age of Sail 17931817: Design, Construction, Careers and Fates. Seaforth. ISBN 1861762461.
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