HMS Eskimo (F119)

HMS Eskimo was a Tribal-class frigate of the Royal Navy in service from 1963 to 1980. She was scrapped in 1992.

History
United Kingdom
Name: HMS Eskimo
Operator: Royal Navy
Builder: J. Samuel White
Laid down: 22 October 1958
Launched: 20 March 1960
Commissioned: 21 February 1963
Decommissioned: August 1980
Identification: F 119
Motto:
  • Sikumi Ungaskitumi
  • ("Fire and Ice")
Fate: Scrapped in 1992
General characteristics
Class and type: Tribal-class frigate
Displacement:
  • 2,300 long tons (2,300 t) standard
  • 2,700 long tons (2,700 t) full load
Length:
  • 360 ft 0 in (109.73 m) oa
  • 350 ft 0 in (106.68 m) pp
Beam: 42 ft 3 in (12.88 m)
Draught:
  • 13 ft 3 in (4.04 m)
  • 17 ft 6 in (5.33 m) (propellers)[1]
Propulsion:
Speed: 27 knots (50 km/h; 31 mph) (COSAG)
Range: 4,500 nautical miles (8,300 km; 5,200 mi) at 12 knots (22 km/h; 14 mph)
Complement: 253
Sensors and
processing systems:
  • Radar type 965 air-search
  • Radar type 993 low-angle search
  • Radar type 978 navigation
  • Radar type 903 gunnery fire-control
  • Radar type 262 GWS-21 fire-control
  • Sonar type 177 search
  • Sonar type 170 attack
  • Sonar type 162 bottom profiling
  • Ashanti and Gurkha;
  • Sonar type 199 variable-depth
Armament:
Aircraft carried: 1 × Westland Wasp helicopter

Eskimo was built by J. Samuel White, of Cowes,[2] at a cost of £4,670,000.[3] The frigate was launched on 20 March 1960 and commissioned on 21 February 1963 with the pennant number F119.[2]

Service

Eskimo began her third commission in October 1966. In 1967, Eskimo transferred to the Mediterranean Fleet, with which the ship took part in a number of port visits and exercises. In June, Eskimo replaced her sistership Ashanti off Aden in response to the start of the Six-Day War.[4] In 1968 she took part in Portsmouth 'Navy Days'.[5] The above is incorrect with regard to Eskimos position at the start of the 6 day war. She was at the north end of the Suez Canal at Port Said and was due to enter the canal but ordered to wait. She was then sent back to Malta. After a courtesy visit to Nice, she then sailed for Capetown via the Atlantic. On leaving there the ship was deployed on "Bairra Patrol" which concerned the blockade of oil and goods destined for Rhodesia, (now Zimbabwe). This was in response to the Unilateral Declaration of Independence by Ian Smith, the Prime Minister. Eskimo called at Mombasa for R and R and did not reach her station at Bahrain until shortly before Christmas. At no point did she go to Aden.

In 1976, Eskimo served as the West Indies Guardship. She escorted Queen Elizabeth II aboard Britannia as part of America's Bi-Centennial celebrations. Eskimo returned to the Caribbean in 1977.

Due to a manpower shortage in the Royal Navy,[6] Eskimo was reduced to the reserve in 1980, being placed into the Standby Squadron, and in 1981 was put on the disposal list.[7] In 1984 she was cannibalised for spare parts for three Tribal-class frigates sold to Indonesia. On 16 January 1986, Eskimo was towed from Portsmouth to Pembroke Dock to be used as a target, but was not used as such. In May 1992 she was towed from Pembroke to Bilbao, Spain to be scrapped.[8]

Commanding officers

FromToCaptain
19641966Commander E R Anson RN
19661968Commander S A C Cassels RN
19681968Commander J F Kidd RN
19741975Commander A Grose RN
19751976Commander R K Dibble RN
19761978Commander C Morgan RN

References

  1. Blackman 1971, p. 356.
  2. Gardiner, Robert & Chesneau, Roger (1995). p. 518
  3. "News in Brief". The Times (55970): Col B, p. 6. 26 March 1964
  4. British warships redeployed in Mediterranean. The Times (56960): Col A, p. 10. 6 June 1967.
  5. Programme, Navy Days at Portsmouth August 31st-September 2nd 1968, p.19.
  6. Hansard (28 June 1979), hansard.millbanksystems.com. Retrieved 13 March 2012.
  7. Hansard (26 April 1982), hansard.millbanksystems.com. Retrieved 13 March 2012.
  8. http://www.shipstamps.co.uk/forum/viewtopic.php?f=2&t=8257 shipstamps.co.uk: HMS Eskimo

Publications

  • Blackman, Raymond V.B. Jane's Fighting Ships 1971–72. London: Sampson Low, Marston & Co, 1971. ISBN 0 354 00096 9.
  • Colledge, J. J.; Warlow, Ben (2006) [1969]. Ships of the Royal Navy: The Complete Record of all Fighting Ships of the Royal Navy (Rev. ed.). London: Chatham Publishing. ISBN 978-1-86176-281-8.
  • Gardiner, Robert & Chesneau, Roger (1995), Conway's All The World's Fighting Ships, 1947-1995, Conway Maritime Press, London, ISBN 978-0-8517-7605-7.
  • Marriott, Leo, 1983. Royal Navy Frigates 1945-1983, Ian Allan Ltd. ISBN 07110 1322 5
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