HMS Dauntless (1804)
The first HMS Dauntless was a sixth-rate Combatant-class sloop of the Royal Navy. She was launched in 1804 and the French captured her in 1807 at Danzig. The French Navy took her into service as Sans Peur, but her subsequent fate is unknown.
HMS Dauntless aground, by Benjamin Zix
|Builder:||William Gibson Shipyard; North Bridge yard, Hull|
|Captured:||16 May 1807|
|Acquired:||16 May 1807 by capture|
|Fate:||Possibly left for the Prussians in July 1807|
|Class and type:||Combatant-class sloop|
|Displacement:||450 tons (French)|
|Tons burthen:||426 40⁄94 (bm)|
|Beam:||28 ft 3 in (8.61 m)|
|Depth of hold:||11 ft 3 in (3.43 m)|
|Sail plan:||Full rigged ship|
|Armament:||22 x 24-pounder carronades|
She was built in Hull at the William Gibson Shipyard, as one of a class of three (the others being Combatant and Valorous) and launched in 1804. Designed by John Staniforth MP, they were flush-decked, shallow draught and (for their dimensions) heavily armed. Rated as a sloop, she had a design based on the Danish Praam (English Pram), allowing the combination of heavy armament with a draught of only 11 feet. Her design may well have been influenced by the flush-decked, shallow draught vessels of Napoleon's invasion fleet, although Dauntless and her sisters were significantly larger. The Royal Navy rated her for purposes of command as an 18-gun sloop, but as a captain's command until 1806.
Captain Hugh Pigot commissioned Dauntless in March 1805, serving with the anti-invasion flotillas stationed in The Downs. In July she was under the command of Captain Charles Jones on the North Sea station.
In the spring of 1807 she and her sisters were ordered to the Baltic where their characteristics would be of value as convoy escorts and particularly in support of operations ashore. On 13 May Dauntless was ordered to sail up the Vistula and break through the French armies besieging Danzig (now Gdansk) in order to supply the encircled Prussians with 600 barrels of gunpowder. Heavily laden and making upriver under a press of sail, Dauntless became unmanageable and broached to. Running hard aground on a sandbank within easy range of French artillery, she suffered an hour's bombardment before surrendering. Napoleon himself is reputed to have said that her resistance "was worthy of being placed on the page of history". Strachey then remained a French prisoner until the end of the war. At the obligatory court martial her captain, Christopher Strachey, was honourably acquitted of all blame for the surrender of his ship.
The French Navy took Dauntless into service as Sans Peur. Her ultimate fate is unknown, but she may have fallen into Prussian hands in July when Napoleon handed Danzig over to the Prussians.
Notes, citations, and references
- "HMS Dauntless: Type 45 Destroyer". www.hmforces.co.uk. HM Armed Forces. Retrieved 21 February 2011.
- Paul Gibson. "Dry Docks". www.paul-gibson.com. NORTH BRIDGE YARD.
- Winfield (2008), p. 270.
- Jackson, Hull in the Eighteenth Century, P.427 Appendix 35; 'Ships Built in Hull for the Royal Navy, 1690-1810'.
- Gentleman's magazine (August 1855), Vol. 198, p.120.
- Winfield and Roberts (2015), p. 183.
- Winfield, Rif (2007). British Warships in the Age of Sail 1714–1792: Design, Construction, Careers and Fates. Seaforth. ISBN 978-1844157006.
- Winfield, Rif (2008). British Warships in the Age of Sail 1793–1817: Design, Construction, Careers and Fates. Seaforth. ISBN 1-86176-246-1.
- Winfield, Rif & Stephen S Roberts (2015) French Warships in the Age of Sail 1786 - 1861: Design Construction, Careers and Fates. (Seaforth Publishing). ISBN 9781848322042