HMS Dauntless (1804)

The first HMS Dauntless was a sixth-rate Combatant-class sloop of the Royal Navy. She was launched in 1804 and the French captured her in 1807 at Danzig. The French Navy took her into service as Sans Peur, but her subsequent fate is unknown.

HMS Dauntless aground, by Benjamin Zix
History
United Kingdom
Name: HMS Dauntless
Builder: William Gibson Shipyard;[1] North Bridge yard, Hull[Note 1]
Launched: November 1804
Commissioned: March 1805
Captured: 16 May 1807
France
Name: Sans Peur
Acquired: 16 May 1807 by capture
Fate: Possibly left for the Prussians in July 1807
General characteristics [3]
Class and type: Combatant-class sloop
Type: Pram
Displacement: 450 tons (French)
Tons burthen: 426 4094 (bm)
Length:
  • 117 ft 10 in (35.92 m)(overall)
  • 100 ft 6 in (30.63 m) p.p.
Beam: 28 ft 3 in (8.61 m)
Depth of hold: 11 ft 3 in (3.43 m)
Sail plan: Full rigged ship
Complement: 121
Armament: 22 x 24-pounder carronades

Design

She was built in Hull at the William Gibson Shipyard,[4] as one of a class of three (the others being Combatant and Valorous) and launched in 1804. Designed by John Staniforth MP, they were flush-decked, shallow draught and (for their dimensions) heavily armed. Rated as a sloop, she had a design based on the Danish Praam (English Pram), allowing the combination of heavy armament with a draught of only 11 feet. Her design may well have been influenced by the flush-decked, shallow draught vessels of Napoleon's invasion fleet, although Dauntless and her sisters were significantly larger. The Royal Navy rated her for purposes of command as an 18-gun sloop, but as a captain's command until 1806.

Career

Captain Hugh Pigot commissioned Dauntless in March 1805, serving with the anti-invasion flotillas stationed in The Downs. In July she was under the command of Captain Charles Jones on the North Sea station.[3]

In March 1806 Commander William Cook replaced Jones.[3] However, in October 1806, Commander Christopher Strachey replaced Cook.[5]

In the spring of 1807 she and her sisters were ordered to the Baltic where their characteristics would be of value as convoy escorts and particularly in support of operations ashore. On 13 May Dauntless was ordered to sail up the Vistula and break through the French armies besieging Danzig (now Gdansk) in order to supply the encircled Prussians with 600 barrels of gunpowder. Heavily laden and making upriver under a press of sail, Dauntless became unmanageable and broached to. Running hard aground on a sandbank within easy range of French artillery, she suffered an hour's bombardment before surrendering. Napoleon himself is reputed to have said that her resistance "was worthy of being placed on the page of history".[5] Strachey then remained a French prisoner until the end of the war.[5] At the obligatory court martial her captain, Christopher Strachey, was honourably acquitted of all blame for the surrender of his ship.

Fate

The French Navy took Dauntless into service as Sans Peur. Her ultimate fate is unknown, but she may have fallen into Prussian hands in July when Napoleon handed Danzig over to the Prussians.[6]

Notes, citations, and references

Notes
  1. William Gibson shipbuilders was located at the former Blaydes shipyard (North Bridge Dry Dock) in Hull, near to the entrance to Queen's Dock, William Gibson moved to the larger Union Dock in 1805.[2]
Citations
  1. "HMS Dauntless: Type 45 Destroyer". www.hmforces.co.uk. HM Armed Forces. Retrieved 21 February 2011.
  2. Paul Gibson. "Dry Docks". www.paul-gibson.com. NORTH BRIDGE YARD.
  3. Winfield (2008), p. 270.
  4. Jackson, Hull in the Eighteenth Century, P.427 Appendix 35; 'Ships Built in Hull for the Royal Navy, 1690-1810'.
  5. Gentleman's magazine (August 1855), Vol. 198, p.120.
  6. Winfield and Roberts (2015), p. 183.
References
  • Winfield, Rif (2007). British Warships in the Age of Sail 17141792: Design, Construction, Careers and Fates. Seaforth. ISBN 978-1844157006.
  • Winfield, Rif (2008). British Warships in the Age of Sail 17931817: Design, Construction, Careers and Fates. Seaforth. ISBN 1-86176-246-1.
  • Winfield, Rif & Stephen S Roberts (2015) French Warships in the Age of Sail 1786 - 1861: Design Construction, Careers and Fates. (Seaforth Publishing). ISBN 9781848322042
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