HMS Bullfinch (1898)

HMS Bullfinch was a three-funnel, 30-knot destroyer ordered by the Royal Navy under the 1896–1897 Naval Estimates. She was the third ship to carry this name since it was introduced in 1857 for a 4-gun wooden-screw gunboat.[3][4]

HMS Bullfinch
History
United Kingdom
Name: HMS Bullfinch
Ordered: 1896 – 1897 Naval Estimates
Builder: Earl's Shipbuilding and Engineering Company Limited, Hull, Yorkshire
Laid down: 17 September 1896
Launched: 10 February 1898
Commissioned: June 1901
Out of service: Laid up in reserve 1919
Fate: 10 June 1919 to Young of Sunderland for breaking
General characteristics
Class and type: Three-funnel, 30-knot destroyer[1][2]
Displacement:
  • 345 t (340 long tons) standard
  • 390 t (384 long tons) full load
  • 214 ft 6 in (65.38 m) o/a
  • 20 ft 6 in (6.25 m) Beam
  • 7 ft 10 in (2.39 m) Draught
Propulsion:
Speed: 30 kn (56 km/h)
Range:
  • 80 tons coal
  • 1,490 nmi (2,760 km) at 11 kn (20 km/h; 13 mph)
Complement: 60 officers and men
Armament:
Service record
Operations: World War I 1914 - 1918

Construction

Bullfinch was laid down on 17 September 1896, at the Earle's Shipbuilding and Engineering Company Limited shipyard at Hull, Yorkshire, and launched on 10 February 1898. During her trials while steaming at 30 knots (56 km/h; 35 mph) she suffered a major accident in which the connecting rod to the high-pressure cylinder broke and released steam into the forward engine room. Eight individuals were killed and six were injured. The broken connecting rod punctured the hull, and Lieutenant F.G. Dineley (in command during trials) ordered the use of collision mats to stem the intake of water and she was able to make port. The destroyer was completed and accepted by the Royal Navy in June 1901.[5][6][7]

Service history

Early service

After commissioning Bullfinch was assigned to the Channel Fleet. Commander Brian Barttelot was appointed in command on 24 February 1902,[8] and she was assigned to the Portsmouth instructional flotilla. In May 1902 she towed her sister ship HMS Dove to Queenstown, after the latter had struck a rock off Kildorney.[9]

She spent her operational career mainly in Home Waters operating with the Channel Fleet as part of the Devonport Flotilla.

On 30 August 1912 the Admiralty directed all destroyer classes were to be designated by alpha characters starting with the letter 'A'. Since her design speed was 30 knots and she had three funnels, she was assigned to the C class. After 30 September 1913, she was known as a C-class destroyer and had the letter 'C' painted on the hull below the bridge area and on either the fore or aft funnel.[10]

World War I

In July 1914 Bullfinch was in active commission in the 7th Destroyer Flotilla based at Devonport tendered to Leander, destroyer depot ship to the 7th Flotilla. In September 1914 the 7th Flotilla was redeployed to the Humber River. She remained in this deployment until the cessation of hostilities. Her employment within the Humber Patrol included anti-submarine and counter-mining patrols. On 15 August 1914, she was involved in a collision in British waters, with the loss of four stokers.

Disposition

In 1919 Bullfinch was paid off and laid-up in reserve awaiting disposal. She was sold on 10 June 1919 to Young of Sunderland for breaking.[11]

Pennant numbers

Pennant Number[12]FromTo
D176 Dec 19141 Sep 1915
D481 Sep 19151 Jan 1918
D151 Jan 19181 Apr 1918
H041 Apr 191810 Jun 1919

References

NOTE: All tabular data under General Characteristics only from the listed Jane's Fighting Ships volume unless otherwise specified

  1. Jane, Fred T. (1969) [1905]. Jane’s Fighting Ships 1905. New York: first published by Sampson Low Marston, London 1905, reprinted ARCO Publishing Company. p. 77.
  2. Jane, Fred T. (1990) [1919, reprinted]. Jane’s Fighting Ships of World War I. Jane’s Publishing © 1919. p. 77. ISBN 1 85170 378 0.
  3. Jane, Fred T. (1969) [1898]. Jane’s All the World's Fighting Ships 1898. New York: first published by Sampson Low Marston, London 1898, Reprinted ARCO Publishing Company. pp. 84 to 85.
  4. Jane, Fred T. (1990) [1919, reprinted]. Jane’s Fighting Ships of World War I. Jane’s Publishing © 1919. p. 76. ISBN 1 85170 378 0.
  5. Jane, Fred T. (1969) [1898]. Jane’s All the World's Fighting Ships 1898. New York: first published by Sampson Low Marston, London 1898, reprinted ARCO Publishing Company. pp. 84 to 85.
  6. Jane, Fred T. (1990). Jane’s Fighting Ships of World War I. Jane’s Publishing © 1919. p. 76. ISBN 1 85170 378 0.
  7. Brown, David K (2010) [1997]. Warrior to Dreadnought. Chatham. p. 141. ISBN 978-1-84832-086-4.
  8. "Naval & Military intelligence". The Times (36691). London. 14 February 1902. p. 9.
  9. "Naval & Military intelligence". The Times (36774). London. 22 May 1902. p. 8.
  10. Conway’s All the World’s Fighting Ships 1906 to 1922. Conway Maritime Press. 2006 [1985, reprinted 1997, 2002, 2006]. pp. 17–19. ISBN 0 85177 245 5.
  11. ""Arrowsmith" List – Part 1 Destroyer Prototypes through "River" Class". Retrieved 1 June 2013.
  12. ""Arrowsmith" List – Part 1 Destroyer Prototypes through "River" Class". Retrieved 1 June 2013.
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