HMS Argyll (F231)

The third and current HMS Argyll is a Type 23 'Duke' class frigate. She is currently the oldest serving Type 23 frigate in the Royal Navy. Like all of her class she is named after a British dukedom, in this case that of Argyll. HMS Argyll was laid down in March 1987 by Yarrow Shipbuilders at Glasgow, and launched in 1989 by Lady Wendy Levene, sponsored by the Worshipful Company of Paviors.[3] She was commissioned in May 1991. Argyll is currently based at Devonport Dockyard.

HMS Argyll, 2009
History
UK
Name: HMS Argyll
Operator: Royal Navy
Ordered: September 1986
Builder: Yarrow Shipbuilders
Laid down: 20 March 1987
Launched: 8 April 1989
Commissioned: 31 May 1991
Refit: Major 2009-2010, LIFEX 2015-2017
Homeport: HMNB Devonport, Plymouth
Identification:
Motto:
  • Ne Obliviscaris
  • ("Lest We Forget")
Status: in active service
Badge:
General characteristics
Class and type: Type 23 Frigate
Displacement: 4,900 t (4,800 long tons; 5,400 short tons)[2]
Length: 133 m (436 ft 4 in)
Beam: 16.1 m (52 ft 10 in)
Draught: 7.3 m (23 ft 11 in)
Propulsion:
Speed: In excess of 28 kn (52 km/h; 32 mph)
Range: 7,500 nautical miles (14,000 km) at 15 kn (28 km/h)
Complement: 185 (accommodation for up to 205)
Electronic warfare
& decoys:
Armament:
Aircraft carried:
Aviation facilities:

Argyll is the first Type 23 to be fitted with the new Sea Ceptor missile system.[4]

She is scheduled to be withdrawn from service in 2023.[5]

Operational history

1991-2000

In 2000, Argyll was part of the Royal Navy task force - Task Group 342.01 - comprising Illustrious, Ocean, Iron Duke, Chatham, and four RFA ships that deployed to Sierra Leone as part of the British military intervention in the Sierra Leone civil war. During those operations, Argyll acted as the West African Guardship and remained off West Africa until September 2000. Throughout this period Argyll operated with her Lynx HMA Mk 8 helicopter. The Lynx undertook daily patrols and searches. The Lynx was instrumental to the successful completion of Operation Barras. During her deployment, the helicopter was scrambled to search for a missing passenger ferry. The aircraft's crew quickly located the vessel and provided escort for Argyll. Argyll saved fifty-eight lives from drowning. She was relieved by her sister-ship Iron Duke in September.[6] During this incident Argyll, assisted by HMS Ocean, laid the foundation for the Iron Duke Community School. This is a school for orphans in Freetown. President Kabbah of Sierra Leone decreed the school be named after the crew of Iron Duke for completing the construction of the six classrooms.[7]

2001-2010

2001 saw a change in command with Commander John Kingwell succeeding Commander Rick Wellesley.[8] In 2001, while in the Bay of Biscay, Argyll suffered an electrical fire that was quickly put out by the ship's damage control team, with the ship suffering only minimal damage.[9]

Argyll completed a six-month deployment to the Persian Gulf protecting two oil platforms, working with the American, Australian and Iraqi Navies from February to August 2005.[10] The ship made a short visit to Boulogne, then to its home port of Inveraray and finally to Liverpool,[11] before undergoing Operational Sea Trials. Argyll successfully completed Operational Sea Training and acted as a contingency platform whilst the Queen spent a week sailing on the Hebridean Princess in July 2006.

In September 2006 Argyll was deployed along with other ships such as Ocean and Albion where she completed two drugs raids on merchant ships totalling £50 million. They completed their operation in November of the same year.

HMS Argyll was in the newspapers for all the wrong reasons on 14 September 2007 when it was claimed that 41-year-old commanding officer Captain Nigel Chandler was replaced when the ship failed twice to pass the Flag Officer Sea Training (FOST) exercises. These exercises are taken every 18 months to ensure the ship and crew are ready for deployment.[12] In October 2007 Argyll returned to the Persian Gulf to take over from her sister-ship, Richmond.[13]

Thursday 3 April 2008 saw more than 500 friends and relatives welcome HMS Argyll as she returned to her home at Devonport after a deployment lasting six months in the Northern Persian Gulf. This was Argyll's second Gulf deployment to Combined Task Force (CTF) 150 in three years. This deployment included one patrol which lasted 52 days from January to March 2008. HMS Argyll was also at the 'Meet Your Navy' exhibition at HMNB Portsmouth 2008.[14][15]

6 May 2008 saw the crew return to Argyll, with the crew bidding their commanding officer of seven months, Commander Gavin Pritchard, a fond farewell. Pritchard was succeeded by Commander Peter Olive. Argyll was then to engage in a period of trials and training before entering a period of maintenance in June.[16]

11 May 2008 saw the Trans-Atlantic solo yacht race in Plymouth Sound started by the ceremonial cannon aboard Argyll. Dame Ellen MacArthur also attended the start of the race and Rear Admiral Richard Ibbotson, head of the Flag Officer Sea Training organisation, was also on board Argyll.[17][18]

On 21 July 2008 Argyll led the parade of tall ships out of Liverpool ahead of the Tall Ships Race starting 23 July.

On 18 February 2009, Argyll sailed from Devonport as part of the Taurus 09 deployment under Commander UK Amphibious Task Group, Commodore Peter Hudson, She was joined on this deployment by Landing Platform Dock Bulwark, as Hudson's flagship, Landing Platform Helicopter (LPH) Ocean, Type 23 frigate Somerset and four ships of the Royal Fleet Auxiliary.[19] Argyll returned to Devonport on 17 April from this deployment.[20]

In early October 2010, Argyll and her crew arrived in Plymouth last week after an 11-month refit which included 290,000-man-hours spent on modifications, upgrades and improvements."[21] She has received a new command system, upgrades to Sea Wolf, the Mod1 4.5-inch (114mm) gun, and mounts for new small calibre guns.[21] She was also given new boat-launching equipment.[21] "The refit included the replacing of two of the vessel's four diesel generators and one of her gas turbine engines."[21] Her ventilation system has been improved.[21] "Along with fresh paint on the upper decks she has been coated below the waterline with a special paint to prevent the build-up of sea life which would slow the ship. This also makes her more fuel-efficient."[21] HMS Argyll was the first Type 23 frigate to undergo a second major refit.[21]

2011-Present

On Sunday 22 January 2012 it was announced that Argyll was part of a six-ship convoy which sailed through the Strait of Hormuz alongside French and United States Navy vessels, during a diplomatic dispute with Iran.[22] In a period after this she engaged in Exercise 'Goalkeeper' whilst still in the Middle East.[23]

On 30 June 2012, Armed Forces Day, she fired the salute in Plymouth as part of a steampast alongside RFA Mounts Bay, the Earl of Wessex was in attendance alongside the First Sea Lord.[24][25]

In 2013, she served a seven-month deployment to the Atlantic, having visited South Africa.[26] She also engaged in counter-narcotics work in the Eastern Pacific by travelling around Cape Horn and headed back to her home port via the Panama Canal.[27][28]

In March 2014, she accidentally fired a test (unarmed) torpedo whilst training at Devonport,[29] there were no injuries and minimal damage.

On 30 June 2014, she arrived in Hamilton, Bermuda for a three-day visit as part of her deployment to the North Atlantic and Caribbean.[30]

She arrived in Baltimore, Maryland, US on 11 September 2014 to participate in ceremonies commemorating the 200th anniversary of the Star Spangled Banner.[31]

On Thursday 25 September 2014, she arrived in Veracruz.[32]

On 6 October 2014, HMS Argyll visited George Town, Grand Cayman, after having been on counter-narcotics deployment in August 2014 as part of Operation Martillo.[33] From 9–13 October 2014 HMS Argyll paid an official visit to the Dominican Republic during the course of which her flight deck hosted the baptism of Stefania Rozsa, daughter of the British Ambassador. On 18 October 2014, she arrived in Bermuda to provide assistance in the aftermath of Hurricane Gonzalo.[34]

In 2014, a Lynx from Argyll identified a suspicious yacht in the Caribbean Sea, and a detachment of the U.S. Coast Guard operating from Argyll seized $16 million worth of cocaine found on the yacht. The group had seized an even larger shipment earlier on the same deployment.[35]

In 2015, Argyll entered extended refit in Devonport; she returned to sea in February 2017 with a new principal weapon system, Sea Ceptor, and numerous modifications and alterations to her accommodation and working spaces.[36] Argyll acted as the trials vessel for Sea Ceptor prior to resuming her operational duties and it was announced in September 2017 that she had undertaken the first firings of the new system earlier in the summer off the west coast of Scotland.[37]

In 2017, it was announced that Argyll would be sent to join military exercises in the Asia Pacific with the Five Power Defence Arrangements partners and also the Japanese Maritime Self Defence Force.[38][39] Part of her mission is "to continue the pressure campaign on North Korea".[40]

In 11 March 2019, Argyll rescued a 27-strong crew from a burning container vessel Grande America 150 miles off the coast of France.[41]

On 15 March 2019 the ship returned to HMNB Devonport after a nine month deployment to Southeast Asia.[42]

On 11 September 2019 it demonstrated the use of an autonomous PAC24 unmanned surface vehicle, a modified version of the boat the ship already carries, at the Defence and Security Equipment International 2019 exhibition. Also involved in the demonstration was an additional autonomous boat: the MAST-13.[43]

Affiliations

HMS Argyll is affiliated with:[44]

In July 2017, GB Railfreight named a Class 66 locomotive Argyll in honour of HMS Argyll in a ceremony at Devonport.[45]

References

  1. "Fleet Bridge Card" (PDF). Royal Navy. 27 February 2009. Archived from the original (PDF) on 25 June 2009. Retrieved 20 June 2009.
  2. "Type 23 Frigate". Royal Navy. Retrieved 26 March 2019.
  3. "HMS Argyll". The Worshipful Company of Paviors. Retrieved 26 March 2019.
  4. "HMS Argyll upkeep marks start of Type 23 life extension". ADS Advance. 16 June 2015. Retrieved 26 March 2019.
  5. Andrew Robathan, Minister of State for the Armed Forces (6 September 2012). "Written Answers: HMS Argyll". Parliamentary Debates (Hansard). House of Commons. col. 386W.
  6. "Summer 2000: Duties In Sierra Leone". The Worshipful Company of Paviors. 28 November 2000. Archived from the original on 13 March 2008. Retrieved 26 March 2019.
  7. "Iron Duke completes 33,000-mile voyage". Navy News. 26 February 2001. Archived from the original on 7 March 2003. Retrieved 26 March 2019.
  8. "March 2001: New Captain in Command". The Worshipful Company of Paviors. 31 March 2001. Archived from the original on 23 March 2008. Retrieved 26 March 2019.
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  12. Newton Dunn, Tom; Kay, John (14 September 2007). "Navy sacks Captain Calamity". The Sun. Archived from the original on 11 October 2007. Retrieved 26 March 2019.
  13. "Naval News From Around The World". GoGibraltarSite.com. 4 October 2007. Archived from the original on 4 November 2007. Retrieved 26 March 2019.
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  17. "HMS Argyll Starts Trans-Atlantic Yacht Race". Royal Navy. 9 May 2008. Archived from the original on 10 May 2008. Retrieved 26 March 2019.
  18. "HMS Argyll Launches Trans-Atlantic Yacht Race". Royal Navy. 12 May 2008. Archived from the original on 9 June 2008. Retrieved 26 March 2019.
  19. "Taurus 09". Royal Navy. Archived from the original on 25 March 2009. Retrieved 26 March 2019.
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  22. "Iran escalation 'could see UK forces sent to Gulf". BBC News. 24 January 2012. Retrieved 26 January 2012.
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  25. "Armed Forces Day National Event in Plymouth". Flickr. 30 June 2012. Retrieved 26 March 2019.
  26. "Argyll Visits South Africa". Royal Navy. 30 May 2013. Archived from the original on 1 July 2013. Retrieved 26 March 2019.
  27. "Two oceans in one day for HMS Argyll". Navy News. 20 August 2013. Archived from the original on 14 July 2014. Retrieved 26 March 2019.
  28. "HMS Argyll due home from successful policing patrol". Royal Navy. 11 September 2013. Retrieved 26 March 2019.
  29. "HMS Argyll navy torpedo fired into Devonport wharf". BBC News. 14 March 2014. Retrieved 26 March 2019.
  30. Burton, James (29 June 2014). "HMS Argyll returns to Bermuda". Bermuda Sun. Retrieved 26 March 2019.
  31. "Star studded arrival in Baltimore". Royal Navy. 11 September 2014. Retrieved 26 March 2019.
  32. "El HSM Argyll, Atracó en Veracruz". El Mercurio de Veracruz (in Spanish). 26 September 2014. Retrieved 26 March 2019.
  33. "Navy warship visits Cayman". Cayman Compass. 7 October 2014. Retrieved 26 March 2019.
  34. "Hurricane Gonzalo: Bermuda 'bruised' by direct hit". BBC News. 19 October 2014. Retrieved 26 March 2019.
  35. Drwiega, Andrew (29 October 2014). "USCG Employs Lynx Helicopter to Catch Cocaine Carriers". RotorAndWing.com. Retrieved 26 March 2019.
  36. "HMS Argyll takes to the seas again after 20 month refit". The Herald. 7 February 2017.
  37. "Defence Minister announces successful first firings of Sea Ceptor missiles". Royal Navy. 4 September 2017. Retrieved 26 March 2019.
  38. Jones, Philip (11 September 2017). "DSEI Maritime Conference". Ministry of Defence. Retrieved 26 March 2019.
  39. "UK security and defence collaboration with Japan steps up a level". Gov.uk. 31 August 2017. Retrieved 26 March 2019.
  40. "Royal Navy warship to sail through disputed sea off China - Defence Secretary". Belfast Telegraph. 13 February 2018. Retrieved 13 February 2018.
  41. "Navy crew saves 27 from burning ship". BBC News. 11 March 2019. Retrieved 11 March 2019.
  42. "HMS Argyll returns from nine-month Pacific mission". Just Plymouth. 15 March 2019. Retrieved 26 March 2019.
  43. "HMS Argyll involved with autonomous tech trials". Royal Navy. London. 11 September 2019. Retrieved 11 September 2019.
  44. "Affiliations: HMS Argyll". Royal Navy. Archived from the original on 20 January 2009. Retrieved 26 March 2019.
  45. "Sailors celebrate as train named in honour of Plymouth warship HMS Argyll". Just Plymouth. 12 July 2017. Retrieved 26 March 2019.
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