HMS Archer (1911)

HMS Archer was an Acheron-class destroyer built in 1911, which served during the First World War and was sold in 1921. She was the fourth ship of the name to serve in the Royal Navy.

HMS Archer
History
United Kingdom
Name: HMS Archer
Builder: Yarrow & Company, Scotstoun
Yard number: 1296[1]
Launched: 21 October 1911[2]
Fate: Sold 1921[2]
General characteristics
Class and type: Acheron-class destroyer
Displacement: 770 tons
Length: 75 m (246 ft)
Beam: 7.9 m (26 ft)
Draught: 2.6 m (8.5 ft)
Propulsion:
  • Brown-Curtis turbines
  • Three Yarrow boilers (oil fired)
  • 16,000 shp[3]
Speed: 31 kn (57 km/h)[3]
Complement: 70
Armament:

Construction

She was laid down at the Yarrow & Company yard in Scotstoun, Glasgow, and was launched on 21 October 1911.

Archer and Attack used steam at higher pressures than the other Acheron-class destroyers and consequently were faster than the standard Admiralty-designed members of their class. Achieving 31 knots (57 km/h)[3] on trials, she carried two 4-inch (102 mm) guns, other smaller guns and 21-inch (530 mm) torpedo tubes and had a complement of 70 men.

Pennant numbers

Pennant Number[4]FromTo
H106 December 1914  1 September 1915
H291 September 19151 January 1918
H061 January 1918Sold 9 May 1921

Career

As part of the First Destroyer Flotilla, she was attached to the Grand Fleet in August 1914, and then to the Third Battle Squadron from the spring of 1916.[2]

Battle of Heligoland Bight

As part of the Harwich Force, the First Destroyer Flotilla took part in the Battle of Heligoland Bight on 28 August 1914.[5]

Mediterranean service

From 1917 the Third Battle Squadron was deployed to the Mediterranean. Archer was present at the entry of the Allied fleet through the Dardanelles on 12 November 1918.[6]

Disposal

She was sold to Ward on 9 May 1921 for breaking.[4]

References

  1. "HMS Archer - Clydebuilt ships database". Archived from the original on 26 May 2011. Retrieved 3 November 2008.CS1 maint: unfit url (link)
  2. "Battleships-Cruisers.co.uk website - Acheron Class". Retrieved 3 November 2008.
  3. "I-class destroyers (extract from Jane's Fighting Ships of 1919)". Retrieved 19 October 2008.
  4. ""Arrowsmith" List: Royal Navy WWI Destroyer Pendant Numbers". Retrieved 3 November 2008.
  5. "Heligoland Bight - Order of Battle". Retrieved 17 October 2008.
  6. S E Brooks. "The Entry of the Allied Fleet through the Dardanelles". Oxford University. Retrieved 11 November 2009.
  • Friedman, Norman (2009). British Destroyers: From Earliest Days to the Second World War. Barnsley, UK: Seaforth Publishing. ISBN 978-1-84832-049-9.
  • Gardiner, Robert; Gray, Randal, eds. (1985). Conway's All The World's Fighting Ships 1906–1921. London: Conway Maritime Press. ISBN 0-85177-245-5.
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