HMS Acheron (1911)
HMS Acheron was the name ship of the Acheron-class destroyer of the British Royal Navy. She is named after the River Acheron, believed in Greek Mythology to be a branch of the River Styx. She was the fifth ship of the Royal Navy to bear the name.
|Builder:||John I. Thornycroft & Company, Woolston|
|Launched:||27 June 1911|
|Fate:||Sold 9 May 1921|
|Class and type:||Acheron-class destroyer|
|Length:||77 m (253 ft)|
|Beam:||8 m (26 ft)|
|Draught:||2.7 m (8.9 ft)|
|Installed power:||15,500 shp (11,600 kW)|
|Speed:||29 kn (54 km/h)|
|Range:||5,500 nmi at 15 kt|
|H00||6 December 1914||1 January 1918|
|H02||1 January 1918||Early 1919|
|H05||Early 1919||9 May 1921|
With her sister, Ariel, she was a "Thornycroft special", and as such was slightly longer and more powerful than the standard destroyer of her class. Acheron was ordered during the building programme of 1910–11, laid down at the Woolston yard of John I. Thornycroft & Company, and launched on 27 June 1911. Capable of 29 knots (54 km/h), she carried two 4-inch (102 mm) guns, other smaller guns and 21-inch (530 mm) torpedo tubes and had a complement of 70 men.
The Battle of Heligoland Bight
The Battle of Dogger Bank
Sinking of U-12
On 10 March 1915, in company with her sisters Attack and Ariel, Acheron was searching for a German submarine reported by the trawler Man Island near Aberdeen. At 10:10am Attack sighted U-12 and opened fire. Ariel sighted the submarine at 10:12am at about 2 nautical miles (3.7 km) and all three destroyers turned towards it. U-12 dived and raised her periscope, which Ariel sighted at a distance of 200 yards (180 m). She turned to ram, sighting the conning tower under the water in the final moments before she struck the submarine at a fine angle. Within two minutes the submarine had returned to the surface so that the crew could escape, but they found the conning tower hatch jammed, and most of the survivors managed their escape via the other hatches. Acheron and the other destroyers opened fire as the submarine lay on the surface, killing and injuring some of the escaping sailors. At 10:30am U-12 sank approximately in position 56°15′N 1°56′W, and the destroyers picked up 10 survivors; 19 lives had been lost. The damage to Ariel's bows was so serious that she had to be towed into port.
The Battle of Jutland
Acheron served at Battle of Jutland on 31 May 1916 as part of her flotilla.
Acheron was sold on 9 May 1921 to Ward for breaking. She was sold again on 20 September 1923 to J J King.
- ""Arrowsmith" List: Royal Navy WWI Destroyer Pendant Numbers". Retrieved 1 July 2008.
- "I-class destroyers (extract from Jane's Fighting Ships of 1919)". Retrieved 19 October 2008.
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- "Battle of Dogger Bank - Order of Battle (World War 1 Naval Combat website)". Retrieved 8 March 2009.
- Verschollen: World War I U-boat Losses, by Dwight R Messimer, Naval Institute Press, 2002, ISBN 978-1-55750-475-3, p.27
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- "Divers discover U-boat wreckage". The BBC. 14 January 2008. Retrieved 18 October 2008.
- "Battle of Jutland - Order of Battle (World War 1 Naval Combat website)". Retrieved 8 March 2009.
- S E Brooks. "The Entry of the Allied Fleet through the Dardanelles". Oxford University. Retrieved 11 November 2009.
- "Battleships-Cruisers.co.uk website - Acheron Class". Retrieved 1 July 2008.