H. J. Fleure

Herbert John Fleure, FRS[1] (6 June 1877 1 July 1969), was a zoologist and geographer. He was secretary of the Geographical Association, editor of Geography, and President of the Cambrian Archaeological Association. He served as the President of the Geographical Association in 1948.

Early years

Fleure was born in Guernsey on 6 June 1877, the son of Jean Fleure and Marie Le Rougetel. He often astonished friends and relatives in the mid-twentieth century by recounting how his father had been taken to visit the battlefield of Waterloo shortly after the battle (his father was born in 1803 and died in 1889). In 1897, he attended the University of Wales, Aberystwyth, where he founded the Student Representative Council. He graduated B.Sc. with first-class honours in late 1901 and was offered a University Fellowship.[2] He went on to study at the Zoological Institute in Zurich, Switzerland.


Returning to Wales, he became Head of the Department of Zoology at Aberystwyth in 1908. In 1917, he became Professor of Anthropology and Geography at the university, holding the post until 1930, when he became Professor of Geography at Victoria University, Manchester. He was made a Fellow of the Royal Society in 1936.[1] Following his retirement in 1944, he was President of the Royal Anthropological Institute from 1945 to 1947.

He was a founder member of the Guernsey Society, which was established in 1943 to represent the interests of the Nazi-occupied island to the British Authorities. After the war, he was a regular contributor to The Quarterly Review, as well as to The Guernsey Farmhouse, a book published by the Society in 1964 celebrating the ancient family houses in the island. He also authored biographies of several scientists including Arthur Robert Hinks,[3] Alfred Cort Haddon,[4] James George Frazer[5] and Emmanuel de Margerie [6]

From 1927 through 1956 he was the co-author of the ten volumes of The Corridors of Time by Harold John Edward Peake.


He was awarded an Honorary Fellowship from the American Geographical Society in 1930, and its Daly Medal in 1939.[7] He received the Victoria Medal of the Royal Geographical Society in 1946.[8]


  • Human Geography in Western Europe (1918)
  • The Peoples of Europe (1922)
  • Races of England and Wales (1923)
  • French Life and its Problems (1942)
  • A Natural History of Man in Britain (1951) (New Naturalist series)
  • The Guernsey Farmhouse (1964)


  1. Garnett, A. (1970). "Herbert John Fleure. 1877-1969". Biographical Memoirs of Fellows of the Royal Society. 16: 253–278. doi:10.1098/rsbm.1970.0009.
  2. "University intelligence". The Times (36630). London. 5 December 1901. p. 11.
  3. Jones, H. S.; Fleure, H. J. (1948). "Arthur Robert Hinks. 1873-1945". Obituary Notices of Fellows of the Royal Society. 5 (16): 716. doi:10.1098/rsbm.1948.0008.
  4. Fleure, H. J. (1941). "Alfred Cort Haddon. 1855-1940". Obituary Notices of Fellows of the Royal Society. 3 (9): 448–465. doi:10.1098/rsbm.1941.0014.
  5. Fleure, H. J. (1941). "James George Frazer. 1854-1941". Obituary Notices of Fellows of the Royal Society. 3 (10): 896–914. doi:10.1098/rsbm.1941.0041.
  6. Fleure, H. J. (1955). "Emmanuel Marie Pierre Martin Jacquin de Margerie. 1862-1953". Biographical Memoirs of Fellows of the Royal Society. 1: 185–191. doi:10.1098/rsbm.1955.0014.
  7. "American Geographical Society Honorary Fellowships" (PDF). amergeog.org. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2009-07-04. Retrieved 2009-03-02.
  8. "Royal Geographical Society: Awards for 1945-46". Nature. 157 (3994): 651. 1946. doi:10.1038/157651c0.


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