Hòa Bình Province

Hòa Bình (Vietnamese: [hʷâː ɓîŋ̟] (listen)) is a mountainous province of Vietnam, located in the nation's Northwest region. It borders Phú Thọ Province and Sơn La Province to the northwest, Hanoi to the northeast, Hà Nam Province to the east, Ninh Bình Province to the southeast and Thanh Hóa Province to the south. In 2004, the GDP per capita of the province was estimated to be $228 (equivalent to 3.6 million Vietnamese đồng).

Hòa Bình Province

Tỉnh Hòa Bình
Location of Hòa Bình within Vietnam
Coordinates: 20°20′N 105°15′E
Country Vietnam
RegionNorthwest
CapitalHòa Bình
Government
  People's Council ChairNguyễn Văn Quang
  People's Committee ChairBùi Văn Tỉnh
Area
  Total4,662.5 km2 (1,800.2 sq mi)
Population
 (2018)
  Total976,699
  Density210/km2 (540/sq mi)
Demographics
  EthnicitiesVietnamese, Mường, Tày and other Tai peoples, Dao
Time zoneUTC+7 (ICT)
Area codes218
ISO 3166 codeVN-14
Websitewww.hoabinh.gov.vn

Administrative divisions

Hòa Bình is subdivided into 11 district-level sub-divisions:

Second Tier
subdivisions
Area
(km²)
Third Tier subdivisions
Ward Township Commune
Hòa Bình city133.3497
Cao Phong District254.37112
Đà Bắc District779.04119
Kim Bôi District549.50127
Kỳ Sơn District210.7619
Lạc Sơn District581.00128
Lạc Thủy District293.00113
Lương Sơn District369.85119
Mai Châu District564.54122
Tân Lạc District523.00123
Yên Thủy District282.00112

They are further subdivided into 11 commune-level towns (or townlets), 191 communes, and eight wards. Among them, Mai Chau district is the region with the most potential for economic and tourism development of Hoa Binh province. [1]

The People's Council of Hòa Bình Province decided in February 2006 making Hòa Bình the capital of the province.

History

Hòa Bình Province was created on June 22, 1886, following the decree of Tonkin with the name Mường Province, splitting Muong majority areas from Hung Hoa Province, Sơn Tây Province, Hanoi and Ninh Bình Province. Its name derives from the Sino-Vietnamese 和平, meaning "peace."

The province was administered from Chợ Bờ (in Đà Bắc District) hence it was also known as Chợ Bờ Province, until it November of the same year, it was relocated to Phương Lâm District (today in Bất Bạt District, Hà Tây Province). In April 1888 it was renamed to "Phuong Lam Province", by the French colonial authorities.

On March 18, 1891, the Governor-General of French Indochina decreed that the name of the province would change to Hòa Bình Province with six districts: Lương Sơn, Kỳ Sơn, Lạc Sơn, Lạc Thủy, Mai Châu and Đà Bắc.

Demographics

Muong (63.4%) is the major ethnic group of Hòa Bình Province, followed by Kinh (27.7%).[2]

References

Media related to Hoa Binh at Wikimedia Commons

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