Guy Ilyich Severin (Russian: Гай Ильи́ч Севери́н, Gay Ilyich Severin; July 24, 1926 – February 7, 2008) was a Russian scientist, engineer, academician of the Russian Academy of Sciences, doctor of technical science, professor, full member of the International Academy of Astronautics, inventor and producer of a number of aerospace life-rescue systems and space-suits.
Guy I. Severin
75th birthday in 2001
Гай Ильич Северин
|Died||February 7, 2008 81) (aged|
|Monuments||in Tomilino, Russia|
|Citizenship||Soviet Union →|
|Alma mater||Moscow Aviation Institute (1949)|
|Known for||scientist, engineer, inventor and producer of a number of aerospace life-rescue systems and space-suits|
|Spouse(s)||Tatiana V. Severina (Alekseeva) (married 1951)|
|Children||Son and daughter|
|Awards||Hero of Socialist Labour|
USSR State Prize
In 1949, he graduated from Moscow Aviation Institute (МАI). From 1947, Severin worked in Flight Research Institute in Zhukovsky, where he was occupied with research and flight test of the aircraft crew rescue and in-flight refuelling systems. A collective of engineers led by Severin worked out some major principles and working prototypes of landing systems and rocket emergency escape slides for Vostok spacecraft.
Under his direction, the company developed ejection seats (including well-known K-36), space-suits, life support systems and rocket emergency escape slides for USSR/Russia aircraft, spacecraft and orbiting space stations (starting from Vostok 1 and the special inflatable EVA airlock of the Voskhod 2), an open space manoeuvring unit, etc.
Died at a hospital after breaking both legs while skiing on a mountain ski lodge imitation near Moscow on February 7, 2008. The civil funeral was held at the House of Culture Zvezdniy in Tomilino on February 11, 2008. Present among the attendees was Boris Chertok, last remaining colleague of Sergei Korolev.
- Зелин, Александр, ed. (2009). Авиация России : биографическая энциклопедия : 1909-2009 [Aviation of Russia : Biographical Encyclopedia : 1909-2009] (in Russian). Москва: Столичная энциклопедия. p. 880. ISBN 978-5-903989-03-4.
- (in Russian) Конструктор Северин увековечен в бронзе, Vesti.ru, 24.07.2008
- Severin, Guy Ilich at online dictionary vseslova.ru (in Russian)
- Severin, Guy Ilich at the Russian Academy of Sciences website (in Russian)
- (in Russian) Space-suits of Russia by I.P.Abramov, M.N.Doodnik, V.I. Svershek, G.I.Severin, A.I.Skoog and A.Yu. Stoklitskiy, JSC NPP Zvezda, Moscow 2005, ISBN 5-7368-0285-6
- (in English) Russian Spacesuits (Springer Praxis Books / Space Exploration) by Isaac Abramov, Ingemar Skoog, Mikhail N. Doodnik, Anatoly Yu. Stoklitsky, Vitaly I. Svertshek and Guy I. Severin (Paperback, 366 pages - Aug 27, 2003), ISBN 1-85233-732-X