Gustav Adolf Neuber

Gustav Adolf Neuber (24 June 1850 – 13 April 1932) was a German surgeon born in Tondern (today- Tønder.

He studied medicine in several universities, receiving his doctorate in 1875 at the University of Giessen. Later he worked as an assistant to Friedrich von Esmarch (1823-1908) at the University Surgical Clinic in Kiel.

In 1884 he first proposed the use of separate operating rooms for septic and non-septic surgery, emphasizing the need for complete cleanliness in all aspects of surgery. In 1886, he opened his own private hospital on Königsweg in Kiel, where he implemented modern principles of asepsis. Neuber's clinic in Kiel is considered to be the first aseptic hospital in the world.[1]

In 1879 he developed a "decalcified bone tube" for wound drainage.[2] In the field of plastic surgery, he introduced a procedure for "fat auto-grafting".[3][4]

Selected writings

  • Anleitung zur Technik der antiseptischen Wundbehandlung und des Dauerverbandes, 1883 - Instructions on the technique of antiseptic wound treatment.
  • Vorschläge zur Beseitigung der Drainage für alle frischen Wunden, 1884 - Treatise on wound drainage.
  • Die aseptische Wundbehandlung in meinen chirurgischen Privat-Hospitälern, 1886 - Aseptic wound treatment in my private surgical hospital.[5]


  1. Wir Kieler (biography)
  2. Ijpma, F. F.; Van De Graaf, R. C.; Meek, M. F. (2008). "The early history of tubulation in nerve repair". The Journal of Hand Surgery, European Volume. 33 (5): 581–6. doi:10.1177/1753193408091349. PMID 18694914.
  3. 2010 The Journal of the History of Plastic Surgery and Related Specialties (10 June) Volume 1, Issue 1
  4. MAZZOLA RF; CANTARELLA G; TORRETTA S; SBARBATI A; LAZZARI L; PIGNATARO L (2011). "Autologous fat injection to face and neck: From soft tissue augmentation to regenerative medicine". Acta Otorhinolaryngologica Italica : Organo Ufficiale della Societa Italiana di Otorinolaringologia e Chirurgia Cervico-Facciale. 31 (2): 59–69. PMC 3203738. PMID 22058586.
  5. WorldCat Identities (publications)
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