Gurgaon (since 2016 officially known as Gurugram) is one of the 22 districts of Haryana in northern India. The city of Gurgaon is the administrative headquarters of the district. The population is 1,514,432. It is one of the southern districts of Haryana. On its north, it is bounded by the district of Jhajjar and the Union Territory of Delhi. Faridabad district lies to its east. On its south, lie the districts of Palwal and Nuh. To its west lies Rewari district.
Location of Gurugram district in Haryana
|Tehsils||1. Gurugram, 2. Sohna, 3. Pataudi, 4. Farukh Nagar 5. Manesar 6. Wazirabad 7. Badshahpur 8. Kadipur 9. Garhi Harsaru|
|• Total||1,258 km2 (486 sq mi)|
|• Density||1,200/km2 (3,100/sq mi)|
|• Sex ratio||853|
|Time zone||UTC+05:30 (IST)|
|Major highways||NH 48, NH 148A, NH 248A, NH 919, SH 15A, SH 26, MDR 132, MDR 133, MDR 136, MDR 137|
|Lok Sabha constituencies||Gurgaon (Lok Sabha constituency)|
|Vidhan Sabha constituencies||1. Pataudi, 2. Badshahpur, 3. Gurgaon and 4. Sohna|
According to Mahabharata (900 BCE), the area was granted by the eldest Pandava king Yudhishthira to their teacher Dronacharya. Later is passed in the hands of Maurya empire to invaders like Parthian and Kushan, and Yaudheya after they expelled Kushanas from the area between Yamuna and Satluj. Yodheyas was subjugated by king Rudradaman I of Indo-Scythians and later by Gupta Empire and then by Hunas, who were overthrown by Yashodharman of Mandsaur and then by Yashovarman of Kannauj. Area was also ruled by Harsha (590 - 467 CE), Gurjara-Pratihara (mid 7th century CE to 11th century). Tomara dynasty, who founded Dhillika in 736 CE, were earlier tributaries of Partiharas, overthrew Partiharas. Tomaras were defeated by who were in turn were overthrown in 1156 CE by king Visaladeva Chauhan of Chauhan Dynasty. After the defeat of Prithviraj Chauhan conquered the area of Gurugram, Nuh, Bhiwani and Rewari in 1182 CE. After the defeat of Prithviraj Chauhan in 1192 CE, the area came under Qutb al-Din Aibak (1206 CE) of Delhi Sultanate who defeated and killed Prithviraj's son Hemraj who had invaded Mewat are from Alwar. Meo who were all Hindus during those times, killed Sayyid Wajih-ud-din who was sent to subjugate Meos, but they were later suppressed by nephew of Aibak called Miran Hussain Jang and those Meo who remained Hindus were forced to pay Islamic religious tax Jizya and others were forced to convert to Islam. In 1249 CE, Balban killed 2000 rebellious Meos. Meo rebels took away large number of camels of Balban's army in 1257-58 CE. In 1260 CE, Balban retaliated by overrunning the area and killing 250 Meo prisoners and slaughtered 12,000 women, children and surviving men. At the time of invasion of Timur in 1398 CE, Sambar Pal, titled Bahadur Nahar, of Hindu Jadu clan was the prominent king of the area who constructed the fort called Kotla Bahadur Nahar near Kotla lake at Kotla village of Nuh. Sambar Pal was converted to Islam with new name Raja Nahar Khan and became founder of Khanzada Rajputs after submitting to Timur. In 1421 CE, Sayyid dynasty king of Delhi, Khizr Khan defeated Bahadur Nahar's converted son Jalal Khan of Mewat and kotla fort. When in 1425, converted grandsons of Bahadur Nahar named Jalal Khan and Abdul Qadir (Jallu and Qaddu) revolted, they were defeated by Delhi Sultan Mubarak Shah ( 1421– 1434 CE) who overran Mewat and killed Qaddu. Jallu continued the native Mewati rebellion against the Delhi sultanate. In 1527, Hasan Khan Mewati, a descendant of Sambar Pal, sided with Rajput king Rana Sanga and they were defeated by Babur at Battle of Khanwa where Hassan Khan Mewati was killed by Mughals and his son Naher Khan II ruled Mewat as a vassal of Mughals. Aurangzeb sent Jai Singh I to crush the revolting Khanzada Mewati chief Ikram Khan. After the death of Aurangzeb, Bahadurgarh and Farrukhnagar in the north were under the Baloch nawabs who were granted jagir in 1713 CE by Mughal king Farrukhsiyar, central area of Badshapur was under Hindu Badgujar Rajput king Hathi Singh and south including Nuh were under the great Jat king of Bharatpur State, Maharaja Suraj Mal. During Maratha Empire the area was conquered by their French generals in late 18th century and they granted Farukhnagar to George Thomas and Jharsa (Badshahpur) to Begum Sumro and south area including Nuh stayed under the Bharatpur king and their vassal relatives, one of whom was Nahar Singh.
The district is headed by Deputy Commissioner who is the chief officer of the district. The district is divided into 3 sub-divisions headed by Sub-Divisional Magistrates: Gurugram North, Gurugram South and Pataudi, which are further divided into five revenue tehsils, namely, Gurugram, Sohna, Pataudi, Farukh Nagar, Manesar and four sub-tehsils namely Wazirabad, Badshahpur, Kadipur and Garhi Harsaru and also comprises four rural development blocks, Pataudi, Sohna, Gurugram and Farrukhnagar.
A large number of industries and offices have been established in Gurugram city, Manesar and Sohna Road. Cyber City on NH8 is a popular location where most Multi National Companies (MNC) have taken large office spaces. All Special Economic Zones (SEZ)s in Haryana State are in Gurugram, except Sonipat
According to the 2011 census Gurugram district has a population of 1,514,432, roughly equal to the nation of Gabon or the US state of Hawaii. This gives it a ranking of 328th in India (out of a total of 640). The district has a population density of 1,241 inhabitants per square kilometre (3,210/sq mi) . Its population growth rate over the decade 2001-2011 was 73.93%. Gurugram has a sex ratio of 853 females for every 1000 males, and a literacy rate of 84.4%.
- Kumar, Ashok (12 April 2016). "Gurgaon will now be called Gurugram". The Hindu – via www.thehindu.com.
- "DNA India | Latest News, Live Breaking News on India, Politics, World, Business, Sports, Bollywood". DNA India.
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- Gazeteer of Gurgaon 1983, Haryana Revenue Department, Chapter II, pp.35-45.
- Gazeteer of Gurgaon 1910", Haryana Revenue Department, Section B, pp.19-24.
- Gazeteer of Gurgaon 1883-84", Haryana Revenue Department, Chapter II, pp.19-25.
- "District Wise Assembly Constituencies" (PDF). Chief Electoral Officer, Haryana website. Archived from the original (PDF) on 21 July 2011. Retrieved 28 March 2011.
- "Delimitation of Parliamentary and Assembly Constituencies Order, 2008" (PDF). The Election Commission of India. p. 157.
- "एस ई जेड: भारत में विशेष आर्थिक क्षेत्र". sezindia.nic.in.
- "Population by religion community - 2011". Census of India, 2011. Retrieved 8 December 2019.
- "District Census 2011". Census2011.co.in. 2011. Retrieved 30 September 2011.
- US Directorate of Intelligence. "Country Comparison:Population". Retrieved 1 October 2011.
gujjars have many villages in gurgaon. Gabon 1,576,665
- "2010 Resident Population Data". U. S. Census Bureau. Retrieved 30 September 2011.
- "C-16 Population By Mother Tongue - Haryana". censusindia.gov.in. Retrieved 29 September 2019.
- "Census of India Website : Office of the Registrar General & Census Commissioner, India". www.censusindia.gov.in.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Gurgaon district.|
- Official Web Site of District Gurugram, Haryana
- Gurugram Weather & interactive Map
- History of Haryana
- Government of Haryana
- Gurugram Citizen Forum
- Perishing away: The abandoned havelis of Gurugram, Hindustabn Times, 2 November 2018.