Guise

Guise (Dutch: Wieze) is a commune in the Aisne department in Hauts-de-France in northern France.

Guise
Dungeon and basse court of the Château de Guise

Coat of arms
Location of Guise
Guise
Guise
Coordinates: 49°54′03″N 3°37′42″E
CountryFrance
RegionHauts-de-France
DepartmentAisne
ArrondissementVervins
CantonGuise
Government
  Mayor (20082014) Hugues Cochet
Area
1
16.13 km2 (6.23 sq mi)
Population
 (2016-01-01)[1]
4,998
  Density310/km2 (800/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+01:00 (CET)
  Summer (DST)UTC+02:00 (CEST)
INSEE/Postal code
02361 /02120
Elevation91–157 m (299–515 ft)
(avg. 97 m or 318 ft)
1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km2 (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.

Population

Historical population
YearPop.±%
17933,085    
18003,039−1.5%
18063,097+1.9%
18212,729−11.9%
18313,072+12.6%
18363,241+5.5%
18413,543+9.3%
18463,528−0.4%
18514,060+15.1%
18563,684−9.3%
18614,529+22.9%
18665,289+16.8%
18725,659+7.0%
18766,250+10.4%
18817,131+14.1%
18867,677+7.7%
18918,153+6.2%
18968,082−0.9%
19017,310−9.6%
19067,776+6.4%
19118,099+4.2%
19216,185−23.6%
19267,097+14.7%
19317,110+0.2%
19366,981−1.8%
19466,031−13.6%
19546,091+1.0%
19626,284+3.2%
19686,805+8.3%
19756,642−2.4%
19826,195−6.7%
19905,976−3.5%
19995,896−1.3%
20085,365−9.0%
20125,182−3.4%

Sights

The remains of the medieval castle of Guise, the seat of the Dukes of Guise, is within the commune.

Economy

Guise is the agricultural centre of the northern area of Aisne.

Miscellaneous

Guise was the birthplace of Camille Desmoulins (1760–1794), a journalist and politician who played an important part in the French Revolution, and that of Jeanne Macherez who was a heroine during the World War I.

Over a period of 20 years, beginning about 1856, Jean-Baptiste Godin built Le Familistère (the Social Palace), an industrial and communal residential complex that was a separate community within Guise. It expressed many of his ideas about developing social sympathy through improved housing and services for workers and their families, influenced by the ideas of the philosopher Charles Fourier. In 1880 Godin created a cooperative association by which the workers owned and managed the complex. This continued until 1968.

On the 29th of August 1914 the Battle of St. Quentin (1914) was fought in and around the town. A memorial in Guise celebrates this event.

See also

References

  1. "Populations légales 2016". INSEE. Retrieved 25 April 2019.


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