Grigori Petrovitch Maximoff (Russian: Григо́рий Петро́вич Макси́мов, Grigóriy Petróvich Maksímov; 11 November 1893, Mitushino Smolensk Governorate – 16 March 1950, Chicago) was a Russian-born anarcho-syndicalist who was involved in Nabat, a Ukrainian anarcho-syndicalist movement. Along with several other anarchists, he was imprisoned on 8 March 1921 following a Cheka sweep of anarchists in the area. After a hunger strike attracted the attention of visiting syndicalists, Maximoff was one of the 10 anarchists who were released from prison and deported.
The Guillotine at Work: Twenty Years of Terror in Russia
This one of Maximoff's best remembered works in which he analysis the consequences of the Bolshevik seizure of power in the October Revolution. Quoting from Lenin's pamphlet The Threatening Catastrophe and How to Fight It (Sept 1917), he argues that Lenin is the "first theoretician of fascism". However, when the actions of the working class in seizing control of both industrial and commercial enterprises make such a course of action, Maximoff argues that Lenin then calls for the establishment of state capitalism, with other elements of fascism being added from time to time. He bases this argument on his reading of The Next Tasks of the Soviet Power.
- Maximoff, Gregori (1940). The Guillotine at Work. p. 60.
- Lenin, Vladimir (1960). The Next Tasks of the Soviet Power, Werke Vol 27,. berlin: Dietz publishing house.
- Sovety rabochikh, soldatskikh, i krest'ianskikh deputatov i nashe k nim otnoshenie. (The Soviets of Workers', Soldiers' and Peasants' Deputies and Our Relations with Them) New York: Soiuz Russkikh Rabochikh, 1918.
- Bolshevism: Promises and Reality : An Appraisal of the Results of the Marxist Dictatorship over Russia
- Constructive anarchism - The Debate on the Platform
- A Grand Cause: The Hunger Strike and the Deportation of Anarchists From Soviet Russia Kate Sharpley Library ISBN 978-1-873605-74-5
- The Guillotine at Work: Twenty Years of Terror in Russia (1940)
- My social credo
- The political philosophy of Bakunin: scientific anarchism (editor)
- The program of anarcho-syndicalism
- Syndicalists in the Russian Revolution