Great grand stellated 120-cell

In geometry, the great grand stellated 120-cell or great grand stellated polydodecahedron is a regular star 4-polytope with Schläfli symbol {5/2,3,3}, one of 10 regular Schläfli-Hess 4-polytopes. It is unique among the 10 for having 600 vertices, and has the same vertex arrangement as the regular convex 120-cell.

Great grand stellated 120-cell

Orthogonal projection
TypeSchläfli-Hess polychoron
Cells120 {5/2,3}
Faces720 {5/2}
Edges1200
Vertices600
Vertex figure{3,3}
Schläfli symbol{5/2,3,3}
Coxeter-Dynkin diagram
Symmetry groupH4, [3,3,5]
DualGrand 600-cell
PropertiesRegular

It is one of four regular star polychora discovered by Ludwig Schläfli. It is named by John Horton Conway, extending the naming system by Arthur Cayley for the Kepler-Poinsot solids, and the only one containing all three modifiers in the name.

With its dual, it forms the compound of great grand stellated 120-cell and grand 600-cell.

Images

Coxeter plane images
H4 A2 / B3 A3 / B2
Great grand stellated 120-cell, {5/2,3,3}
[10] [6] [4]
120-cell, {5,3,3}

As a stellation

The great grand stellated 120-cell is the final stellation of the 120-cell, and is the only Schläfli-Hess polychoron to have the 120-cell for its convex hull. In this sense it is analogous to the three-dimensional great stellated dodecahedron, which is the final stellation of the dodecahedron and the only Kepler-Poinsot polyhedron to have the dodecahedron for its convex hull. Indeed, the great grand stellated 120-cell is dual to the grand 600-cell, which could be taken as a 4D analogue of the great icosahedron, dual of the great stellated dodecahedron.

The edges of the great grand stellated 120-cell are τ6 as long as those of the 120-cell core deep inside the polychoron, and they are τ3 as long as those of the small stellated 120-cell deep within the polychoron.

See also

References

  • Edmund Hess, (1883) Einleitung in die Lehre von der Kugelteilung mit besonderer Berücksichtigung ihrer Anwendung auf die Theorie der Gleichflächigen und der gleicheckigen Polyeder .
  • H. S. M. Coxeter, Regular Polytopes, 3rd. ed., Dover Publications, 1973. ISBN 0-486-61480-8.
  • John H. Conway, Heidi Burgiel, Chaim Goodman-Strass, The Symmetries of Things 2008, ISBN 978-1-56881-220-5 (Chapter 26, Regular Star-polytopes, pp. 404–408)
  • Klitzing, Richard. "4D uniform polytopes (polychora) o3o3o5/2x - gogishi".
Fundamental convex regular and uniform polytopes in dimensions 2–10
Family An Bn I2(p) / Dn E6 / E7 / E8 / F4 / G2 Hn
Regular polygon Triangle Square p-gon Hexagon Pentagon
Uniform polyhedron Tetrahedron OctahedronCube Demicube DodecahedronIcosahedron
Uniform 4-polytope 5-cell 16-cellTesseract Demitesseract 24-cell 120-cell600-cell
Uniform 5-polytope 5-simplex 5-orthoplex5-cube 5-demicube
Uniform 6-polytope 6-simplex 6-orthoplex6-cube 6-demicube 122221
Uniform 7-polytope 7-simplex 7-orthoplex7-cube 7-demicube 132231321
Uniform 8-polytope 8-simplex 8-orthoplex8-cube 8-demicube 142241421
Uniform 9-polytope 9-simplex 9-orthoplex9-cube 9-demicube
Uniform 10-polytope 10-simplex 10-orthoplex10-cube 10-demicube
Uniform n-polytope n-simplex n-orthoplexn-cube n-demicube 1k22k1k21 n-pentagonal polytope
Topics: Polytope familiesRegular polytopeList of regular polytopes and compounds
This article is issued from Wikipedia. The text is licensed under Creative Commons - Attribution - Sharealike. Additional terms may apply for the media files.