Great Arctic State Nature Reserve

The Great Arctic State Nature Reserve (Russian: Большой Арктический государственный природный заповедник) is a nature reserve in Krasnoyarsk Krai, Russia. With an area of 41,692 square kilometers (16,097 sq mi), it is the largest reserve of Russia and Eurasia, as well as one of the largest in the world.

Great Arctic State Nature Reserve
Большой Арктический государственный природный заповедник
The Great Arctic Nature Reserve is one of the largest wildernesses on earth
LocationRussian Arctic, Krasnoyarsk Krai and Taymyrsky Dolgano-Nenetsky District
Coordinates75°30′N 92°36′E
Area41,692 km2


The Great Arctic State Nature Reserve was founded on May 11, 1993 by Resolution No.431 of the Government of the Russian Federation.[1] The Nature Reserves in Russia are known as zapovedniks.


The Great Arctic State Nature Reserve is divided into nine sections:

Ecoregion and climate

The Great Arctic Reserve is located in the Taimyr-Central Siberian tundra ecoregion, which covers the Taymyr Peninsula in the Russian Far North. The climate is Tundra (Köppen climate classification Tundra climate (ET)). This indicates a local climate in which at least one month has an average temperature high enough to melt snow (0 °C (32 °F)), but no month with an average temperature in excess of 10 °C (50 °F)[2][3].

Flora and fauna

Many animals and plants are meant to thrive within the Great Arctic State Nature Reserve without human disturbance. Among the animals that are protected by this reserve, some of the most important are the polar bear, the Arctic fox, the snowy owl, the reindeer and the beluga.[4]


  1. "General Information and history". Great Arctic Nature Reserve. Archived from the original on October 8, 2007. Retrieved October 31, 2009.
  2. Kottek, M., J. Grieser, C. Beck, B. Rudolf, and F. Rubel, 2006. "World Map of Koppen-Geiger Climate Classification Updated" (PDF). Gebrüder Borntraeger 2006. Retrieved September 14, 2019.CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (link)
  3. "Dataset - Koppen climate classifications". World Bank. Retrieved September 14, 2019.
  4. Wild Russia

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