Gracefield, Quebec

Gracefield is a city in La Vallée-de-la-Gatineau Regional County Municipality in the Outaouais region of Quebec, Canada. It was reorganized on 13 March 2002 when three former municipalities (Gracefield, Northfield, and Wright) were merged into one.

Gracefield
Gracefield
Location in western Quebec.
Coordinates: 46°06′N 76°03′W[1]
Country Canada
Province Quebec
RegionOutaouais
RCMLa Vallée-de-la-Gatineau
ConstitutedMarch 13, 2002
Government
  MayorRéal Rochon
  Federal ridingPontiac
  Prov. ridingGatineau
Area
  Total455.40 km2 (175.83 sq mi)
  Land386.21 km2 (149.12 sq mi)
Population
 (2011)[3]
  Total2,355
  Density6.1/km2 (16/sq mi)
  Pop 2006–2011
3.4%
  Dwellings
1,685
Time zoneUTC−5 (EST)
  Summer (DST)UTC−4 (EDT)
Postal code(s)
J0X 1W0
Area code(s)819
Highways Route 105
Websitewww.gracefield.ca

Its name comes from Patrick Grace who opened there the first business and was mayor of Wright from 1885 to 1890.[1]

Gracefield is located along the Gatineau River and Picanoc River. Its area is dotted with many lakes, most of which are lined with numerous summer camps and cottages.

History

In 1840, Augustin Ethyer, originally from Saint-Martin on Île Jésus, became the first settler in Gracefield.[1] Settlers built the first church in 1841 which also served as school during the week. In 1845, Gracefield counted 20 families and forming a small village core. New families settled on the banks of the Gatineau River, in what would become Northfield, which was at that time the periphery of the village in the canton of Wright.

Since the beginning of colonization, the population of these three municipalities lived in close relation, always sharing multiple services and infrastructure. Therefore, it was logical to reorganize them into one municipality in 2002, called Wright-Gracefield-Northfield and renamed to Gracefield on 22 February 2003.[1]

The flood of 1974 is an event remembered by the local population. On May 14, 1974, the waters of the Gatineau river and lakes linked to the River overflowed. The water rose at a rate of three to six inches an hour. Many residences in the Gracefield area were flooded and approximately 50% of the village had to be evacuated. Although no one was injured, damages reached many millions of dollars.

On June 23, 2010, Gracefield was struck by a magnitude 5.0 earthquake that rocked Central Canada. A state of emergency was declared after several buildings were damaged, including the church, some of the city's administration buildings and the Vimy Hotel.

Gracefield had many mica mines in the late 19th century to early 20th century but they have now all closed. There has been some interest in mining zinc since discovering an important quantity in Wright around the Calument Road area corner of the 105 provincial Road.

The Canadian Pacific Maniwaki subdivision linked Gracefield with Wakefield and was abandoned in 1986.

Demographics

Population:[4]

  • Population in 2011: 2355 (Population change 2006–11: −3.4%)
  • Population in 2006: 2439 (Population change 2001–06: 7.3%)
  • Populations in 2001 prior to amalgamation:
    • Gracefield: 615
    • Northfield: 521
    • Wright: 1137
  • Population in 1996:
    • Gracefield: 713
    • Northfield: 516
    • Wright: 1202
  • Population in 1991:
    • Gracefield: 703
    • Northfield: 514
    • Wright: 1157

Private dwellings occupied by usual residents: 1020 (total dwellings: 1685)

Mother tongue:

  • English as first language: 7.3%
  • French as first language: 92.1%
  • English and French as first language: 0%
  • Other as first language: 0.6%

References



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