Gov. Stanford

Gov. Stanford is a 4-4-0 steam locomotive originally built in 1862 by Norris Locomotive Works. It entered service on November 9, 1863 and it was used in the construction of the First Transcontinental Railroad in North America by Central Pacific Railroad bearing road number 1. It was Central Pacific's first locomotive and it is named in honor of the road's first president and ex-California governor, Leland Stanford.

Gov. Stanford
Type and origin
Power typeSteam
BuilderNorris Locomotive Works
Serial number1040
Build date1862
Gauge4 ft 8 12 in (1,435 mm) standard gauge
Driver dia.54 in (1,372 mm)
Adhesive weight35,700 lb (16,200 kg) rebuilt
Loco weight50,000 lb (23,000 kg),
56,000 lb (25,000 kg) rebuilt
Boiler pressure100 psi (690 kPa),
125 psi (860 kPa) rebuilt
Cylinder size15 in × 22 in (381.0 mm × 558.8 mm)
bore × stroke;
16 in × 22 in (406.4 mm × 558.8 mm)
bore × stroke rebuilt
Performance figures
Tractive effort7,791 lbf (34,660 N),
11,081 lbf (49,291 N) rebuilt
OperatorsCentral Pacific, Southern Pacific
Numbers1, renum. 1174 in 1891
Official nameGov. Stanford
First runNovember 9, 1863
RetiredJuly 20, 1895
Current ownerStanford University, loaned to Pacific Coast chapter R&LHS
Dispositionstatic display at the California State Railroad Museum

The locomotive was rebuilt on 1878 with larger cylinders and an increased boiler pressure, which increased its tractive effort to 11,081 pounds-force (49,290 N). In 1891 the locomotive was renumbered to 1174. The locomotive was retired from regular service on July 20, 1895, then donated to Stanford University; however, it was not delivered to the university until 1899. The locomotive was disassembled and stored during World War II but was returned to display at the university after reassembly by retired Southern Pacific engineer Billy Jones. In the 1960s, the university needed the space occupied by the engine for other uses, so the engine was removed and loaned to the Railway & Locomotive Historical Society, which had been in the process of collecting historic locomotives and rolling stock to be displayed in what would ultimately become the California State Railroad Museum in Sacramento. The locomotive is currently a centerpiece at the museum where it has been cosmetically restored to its 1899 appearance.

See also


  • Diebert, Timothy S.; Strapac, Joseph A. (1987). Southern Pacific Company Steam Locomotive Conpendium. Shade Tree Books. ISBN 0-930742-12-5.
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