Goseck

Goseck is a municipality lying on the Saale River, in the Burgenlandkreis district of the German state of Saxony-Anhalt.

Goseck
Location of Goseck within Burgenlandkreis district
Goseck
Goseck
Coordinates: 51°11′41″N 11°52′18″E
CountryGermany
StateSaxony-Anhalt
DistrictBurgenlandkreis
Municipal assoc.Unstruttal
Government
  MayorHilmar Panse
Area
  Total14.57 km2 (5.63 sq mi)
Elevation
152 m (499 ft)
Population
 (2018-12-31)[1]
  Total1,020
  Density70/km2 (180/sq mi)
Time zoneCET/CEST (UTC+1/+2)
Postal codes
06667
Dialling codes03443
Vehicle registrationBLK

Geography

Geographic location

Goseck is located on the north bank of the Saale River about halfway between Naumburg and Weißenfels.

The municipality consists of the settlements Goseck and Markröhlitz.


History

Early period

The first evidence of human settlement is from the Neolithic period, the Goseck circle, dating to approximately the 5th millennium BC, discovered by aerial photographs from the 1990s and, since 2003, regarded as the oldest observatory in Europe. It consists of a circular Henge-construction with a diameter of 75 m. It marks the beginning of a millennia-old astronomical tradition known also from the Nebra skydisk, discovered in 1999, only 25 km distant therefrom. By means of a visor mechanism, the operators were able to, e.g., accurately determine the times of the summer and winter solstice. The reconstructed observatory was opened on the winter solstice, 21 December 2005, with great pageantry, including a spectacular fireworks display.

Modern times

Goseck grew in the fields surrounding the 11th-century monastery St. Mary and St. Michael. Originally an early medieval castle, the Saxon palatial county seat of government was located here. The first mention of the castle is in the Hersfelder Zehnteverzeichnis in 881.

Economics and infrastructure

Traffic

Goseck can be reached by an access road from the area of Markröhlitz, from the Naumburg Highway, running nearby, from Pettstädt onto Bundesstraße 176.

References

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