Golden Lion

The Golden Lion (Italian: Leone d'Oro) is the highest prize given to a film at the Venice Film Festival. The prize was introduced in 1949 by the organizing committee and is now regarded as one of the film industry's most prestigious and distinguished prizes.[1] In 1970, a second Golden Lion was introduced; this is an honorary award for people who have made an important contribution to cinema.

Golden Lion (Leone d'Oro)
LocationVenice
CountryItaly
Presented byVenice Film Festival
First awarded1949
Currently held byJoker (2019)
Websitehttp://www.labiennale.org/ 

The prize was introduced in 1949 as the Golden Lion of Saint Mark (the winged lion which had appeared on the flag of the Republic of Venice).[2] Previously, the equivalent prize was the Gran Premio Internazionale di Venezia (Grand International Prize of Venice), awarded in 1947 and 1948. Before that, from 1934 until 1942, the highest awards were the Coppa Mussolini (Mussolini Cup) for Best Italian Film and Best Foreign Film.

History

The prize was first awarded in 1949. Previously, the equivalent prize was the Gran Premio Internazionale di Venezia (Grand International Prize of Venice), awarded in 1947 and 1948. No Golden Lions were awarded between 1969 and 1979. According to the Biennale's official website, this hiatus was a result of the 1968 Lion being awarded to the radically experimental Die Artisten in der Zirkuskuppel: Ratlos; the website says that the awards "still had a statute dating back to the fascist era and could not side-step the general political climate. Sixty-eight produced a dramatic fracture with the past".[3] Fourteen French films have been awarded the Golden Lion, more than that of any other nation. However, there is considerable geographical diversity in the winners. Six American filmmakers have won the Golden Lion, with awards for John Cassavetes and Robert Altman (both times the awards were shared with other winners who tied), as well as Ang Lee (Brokeback Mountain was the first winning US film not to tie), Darren Aronofsky, Sofia Coppola, and Todd Phillips.

Although prior to 1980, only three of 21 winners were of non-European origin, since the 1980s, the Golden Lion has been presented to a number of Asian filmmakers, particularly in comparison to the Cannes Film Festival's top prize, the Palme d'Or, which has only been awarded to five Asian filmmakers since 1980. The Golden Lion, by contrast, has been awarded to ten Asians during the same time period, with two of these filmmakers winning it twice. Ang Lee won the Golden Lion twice within three years during the 2000s, once for an American film and once for a Chinese-language film. Zhang Yimou has also won twice. Other Asians to win the Golden Lion since 1980 include Jia Zhangke, Hou Hsiao-hsien, Tsai Ming-liang, Trần Anh Hùng, Takeshi Kitano, Kim Ki-duk, Jafar Panahi, Mira Nair, and Lav Diaz. Russian filmmakers have also won the Golden Lion several times, including since the end of the USSR.

Still, to date 33 of the 54 winners were European men (including Soviet/Russian winners). Since 1949, only four women have ever won the Golden Lion for directing: Mira Nair, Sofia Coppola, German Margarethe von Trotta and Belgium's Agnès Varda. In 2019, Joker became the first movie based on original comic book characters to win the prize.

Golden Lion

The following films received the Golden Lions or the major awards of the Venice Film Festival:[4]

YearEnglish titleOriginal titleDirectorCountry
1940s
1946–1948: Awarded as Grand International Prize of Venice
1946The SouthernerJean Renoir USA
1947The StrikeSiréna Karel Steklý Czechoslovakia
1948HamletLaurence Olivier United Kingdom
1949–present: Awarded as Golden Lion
1949ManonHenri-Georges Clouzot France
1950s
1950Justice Is DoneJustice est faiteAndré Cayatte France
1951Rashomon羅生門 / RashōmonAkira Kurosawa Japan
1952Forbidden GamesJeux interditsRené Clément France
1953No award
1954Romeo and JulietRenato Castellani Italy
United Kingdom
1955The WordOrdetCarl Theodor Dreyer Denmark
1956No award[5]
1957The Unvanquishedঅপরাজিত / AparajitoSatyajit Ray India
1958Rickshaw Man無法松の一生 / Muhomatsu no isshoHiroshi Inagaki Japan
1959General Della Rovere (tie)Il generale della RovereRoberto Rossellini Italy
France
The Great War (tie)La grande guerraMario Monicelli
1960s
1960Tomorrow Is My TurnLe Passage du RhinAndré Cayatte France
Italy
West Germany
1961Last Year at MarienbadL'année dernière à MarienbadAlain Resnais France
Italy
1962Family Diary (tie)Cronaca familiareValerio Zurlini Italy
Ivan's Childhood (tie)Ива́ново де́тство / Ivanovo detstvoAndrei Tarkovsky USSR
1963Hands over the CityLe mani sulla cittàFrancesco Rosi Italy
1964Red DesertIl deserto rossoMichelangelo Antonioni Italy
1965Sandra of a Thousand DelightsVaghe stelle dell'Orsa ...Luchino Visconti Italy
1966The Battle of AlgiersLa battaglia di AlgeriGillo Pontecorvo Italy
Algeria
1967Beauty of the DayBelle de JourLuis Buñuel France
1968Artists Under the Big Top: PerplexedDie Artisten in der Zirkuskuppel: RatlosAlexander Kluge West Germany
1969–79No award
1980s
1980Atlantic City (tie)Louis Malle Canada
France
Gloria (tie)John Cassavetes USA
1981Marianne and JulianeDie Bleierne ZeitMargarethe von Trotta West Germany
1982The State of ThingsDer Stand der DingeWim Wenders West Germany
1983First Name: CarmenPrénom CarmenJean-Luc Godard France
1984A Year of the Quiet SunRok spokojnego słońcaKrzysztof Zanussi Poland
1985VagabondSans toit ni loiAgnès Varda France
1986The Green RayLe rayon vertÉric Rohmer France
1987Au revoir les enfantsLouis Malle France
West Germany
Italy
1988The Legend of the Holy DrinkerLa leggenda del santo bevitoreErmanno Olmi Italy
France
1989A City of Sadness悲情城市 / Bei qing cheng shiHou Hsiao-hsien Taiwan
1990s
1990Rosencrantz & Guildenstern Are DeadTom Stoppard United Kingdom
USA
1991Close to EdenУрга / UrgaNikita Mikhalkov USSR
1992The Story of Qiu Ju秋菊打官司 / Qiu Ju da guan siZhang Yimou China
1993Short Cuts (tie)Robert Altman USA
Three Colours: Blue (tie)Trois couleurs: BleuKrzysztof Kieślowski France
Poland
Switzerland
1994Vive L'Amour (tie)愛情萬歲 / Ai qing wan suiTsai Ming-liang Taiwan
Before the Rain (tie)Пред дождот / Pred doždotMilčo Mančevski Macedonia
1995CycloXích lôAnh Hung Tran France
Vietnam
1996Michael CollinsNeil Jordan USA
Ireland
1997Fireworksはなび / Hana-biTakeshi Kitano Japan
1998The Way We LaughedCosì ridevanoGianni Amelio Italy
1999Not One Less一个都不能少 / Yi ge dou bu neng shaoZhang Yimou China
2000s
2000The Circleدایره‎ / DayerehJafar Panahi Iran
Italy
Switzerland
2001Monsoon Weddingमानसून वैडिंगMira Nair India
France
Germany
Italy
USA
2002The Magdalene SistersPeter Mullan Ireland
United Kingdom
2003The ReturnВозвращение / VozvrashcheniyeAndrey Zvyagintsev Russia
2004Vera DrakeMike Leigh United Kingdom
2005Brokeback MountainAng Lee USA
2006Still Life三峡好人 / Sanxia haorenJia Zhangke China
2007Lust, Caution色,戒 / Se, jieAng Lee China
Taiwan
USA
2008The WrestlerDarren Aronofsky USA
2009LebanonלבנוןSamuel Maoz Israel
2010s
2010SomewhereSofia Coppola USA
2011FaustФаустAlexander Sokurov Russia
2012Pietà피에타 / PietaKim Ki-duk South Korea
2013Sacro GRAGianfranco Rosi Italy
2014A Pigeon Sat on a Branch Reflecting on ExistenceEn duva satt på en gren och funderade på tillvaronRoy Andersson Sweden
Norway
France
Germany
Denmark
2015From AfarDesde alláLorenzo Vigas Venezuela
2016The Woman Who LeftAng Babaeng HumayoLav Diaz Philippines
2017The Shape of WaterGuillermo del Toro USA
2018RomaAlfonso Cuarón Mexico
2019JokerTodd Phillips USA

Golden Lion Honorary Award

YearWinner(s)
1969Luis Buñuel[6]
1970Orson Welles
1971Ingmar Bergman, Marcel Carné, and John Ford
1972Charlie Chaplin, Anatoli Golovnya, and Billy Wilder
1982Alessandro Blasetti, Luis Buñuel, Frank Capra, George Cukor,
Jean-Luc Godard, Sergei Yutkevich, Alexander Kluge, Akira Kurosawa,
Michael Powell, Satyajit Ray, King Vidor, and Cesare Zavattini
1983Michelangelo Antonioni
1985Manoel de Oliveira, John Huston, and Federico Fellini
1986Paolo Taviani and Vittorio Taviani
1987Luigi Comencini and Joseph L. Mankiewicz
1988Joris Ivens
1989Robert Bresson
1990Marcello Mastroianni and Miklós Jancsó
1991Mario Monicelli and Gian Maria Volonté
1992Jeanne Moreau, Francis Ford Coppola, and Paolo Villaggio
1993Steven Spielberg, Robert De Niro, Roman Polanski, and Claudia Cardinale
1994Al Pacino, Suso Cecchi d'Amico, and Ken Loach
1995Woody Allen, Monica Vitti, Martin Scorsese, Alberto Sordi,
Ennio Morricone, Giuseppe De Santis, Goffredo Lombardo, and Alain Resnais
1996Robert Altman, Vittorio Gassman, Dustin Hoffman, and Michèle Morgan
1997Gérard Depardieu, Stanley Kubrick, and Alida Valli
1998Warren Beatty, Sophia Loren, and Andrzej Wajda
1999Jerry Lewis
2000Clint Eastwood
2001Éric Rohmer
2002Dino Risi
2003Dino De Laurentiis and Omar Sharif
2004Stanley Donen and Manoel de Oliveira
2005Hayao Miyazaki and Stefania Sandrelli
2006David Lynch
2007Tim Burton and Bernardo Bertolucci (for the last 75 years of the history of cinema)
2008Ermanno Olmi
2009John Lasseter, Brad Bird, Pete Docter, Andrew Stanton, and Lee Unkrich
2010John Woo
2011Marco Bellocchio
2012Francesco Rosi
2013William Friedkin
2014Thelma Schoonmaker and Frederick Wiseman
2015Bertrand Tavernier
2016Jean-Paul Belmondo and Jerzy Skolimowski
2017Jane Fonda and Robert Redford
2018David Cronenberg and Vanessa Redgrave
2019Julie Andrews and Pedro Almodóvar

Multiple winners

See also

References

  1. "25 Must-See Films That Won the Venice Film Festival". IndieWire. 2018. Retrieved 2019-10-08.
  2. "Biennale Cinema History of the Venice Film Festival: The Forties and Fifties". La Biennale di Venezia. 2008. Retrieved 2008-05-28.
  3. "Biennale Cinema History of the Venice Film Festival: The Sixties and Seventies". La Biennale di Venezia. 2008. Retrieved 2008-05-28.
  4. "Golden Lions and major awards of the Venice Film Festival". labiennale.org. Archived from the original on 7 June 2017.
  5. Due to a tie between Harp of Burma by Kon Ichikawa (Japan) and Calle Mayor by Juan Antonio Bardem (Spain). See Roos, Fred. "Venice Film Festival, 1956" in The Quarterly of Film Radio and Television, Vol. 11, No. 3. (Spring, 1957), p. 249.
  6. "The awards of the Venice Film Festival". La Biennale di Venezia. Retrieved 2017-01-01.
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