Golden Horse Film Festival and Awards

The Taipei Golden Horse Film Festival and Awards (Chinese: 台北金馬影展; pinyin: Táiběi Jīnmǎ Yǐngzhǎn) is a film festival and awards ceremony held annually in Taiwan. It was founded in 1962 by the Government Information Office of Taiwan. The awards ceremony is usually held in November or December in Taipei, though the venue has been shifted around the island in recent times.[1]

Taipei Golden Horse Film Festival and Awards
56th Golden Horse Awards
Awarded forExcellence in Chinese-language cinema
CountryTaiwan
Presented byTaipei Golden Horse Film Festival Executive Committee
First awarded1962
Websitewww.goldenhorse.org.tw?r=en
Golden Horse Film Festival and Awards
Traditional Chinese台北金馬影展
Simplified Chinese台北金马影展
Tongyong PinyinTáiběi Jīnmǎ Yǐngjhǎn

Overview

Since 1990 (the 27th awards ceremony), the festival and awards was organized and funded by the Motion Picture Development Foundation R.O.C. It set up the Taipei Golden Horse Film Festival Executive Committee. The Committee consists of nine to fifteen film scholars and film scholars on the executive board, which includes the Chairman and CEO. Under the Committee, there are five different departments: the administration department for internal administrative affairs, guest hospitality and cross-industry collaboration; the marketing department which is responsible for event planning and promotion, advertising and publications; the project promotion department attending to the execution of the project meetings; the competition department which is in charge of the competition and awards ceremony; and the festival department which is devoted to festival planning, curation of films and invitation of filmmakers, subtitle transition and production and all on-site arrangements during the festival.[2]

The awards ceremony is Taiwan’s equivalent to the Academy Awards. The awards are contested by Chinese-language submissions from Taiwan, Hong Kong, People's Republic of China (PRC) and elsewhere. It is one of the four major Chinese-language film awards, along with Hong Kong Film Award, Golden Rooster Awards and Hundred Flowers Awards, also among the most prestigious and respected film awards in the Chinese-speaking film industry. It is also one of the major annual awards presented in Taiwan along with Golden Bell Awards for television production and Golden Melody Awards for music.

The Golden Horse awards ceremony is held after a month-long festival showcasing some of the nominated feature films for the awards. A substantial number of the film winners in the history of the awards have been Hong Kong productions. Submission period are usually around July to August each year and nominations are announced around October with the ceremony held in November or December. Although it has been held once a year; however, it was stopped in 1964 and 1974 and boycotted in the after-ceremony in 2018.[3][4] Winners are selected by a jury of judges and awarded a Golden Horse statuette during the broadcast ceremony.

History

In May 1962, the Government Information Office of the Republic of China (ROC) enacted the "Mandarin Film Award Regulation of Year 1962" to officially found the Golden Horse Awards. The name Golden Horse (金馬) comes from the islands of Kinmen () and Matsu (), which are under ROC control.[2]

The awards ceremony was established to boost the Chinese-language film industry and to award outstanding Chinese-language films and filmmakers. It is one of the most prestigious awards in the film industry in Asia. It has been helping the development of movies in Chinese as it provides great support and encouragement to the filmmakers. Moreover, it intends to introduce excellent films to Taiwanese audience from around the world to stimulate exchange of ideas and inspire creativity.[2]

Entries and eligibility

The awards ceremony does not only pay attention to commercial movies but also the artistic ones and documentaries. This move generate some critiques from the society because they believe that it cannot help much with the Taiwanese commercial movie industry. However, the awards ceremony plays a significant role in helping the movie industry and drawing more people’s attention to Chinese-language movies.

Under current regulations, any film made primarily in Chinese-language is eligible for competition. Since 1996, a liberalization act allows for films from mainland China to enter the Awards. Mainland Chinese artists or films have won several times, such as Jiang Wen's In the Heat of the Sun in 1996, Best Actor for Xia Yu in 1996, Joan Chen's Xiu Xiu: The Sent Down Girl in 1999, Best Actress for Qin Hailu in 2001 and Lu Chuan's Kekexili: Mountain Patrol in 2004.

Awards ceremonies

CeremonyDateHost(s)LocationBroadcast station
1st31 October 1962Wang Yun-wuTaipei Guo Guang Cinema
2nd31 October 1963
3rd30 October 1965James ShenTaipei Zhongshan Hall
4th30 October 1966
5th30 October 1967BCC (Live)
6th30 October 1968Huang Shao-ku
7th30 October 1969Chung Chiao-kuang
8th30 October 1970
9th30 October 1971Lo Yun-ping
10th30 October 1972
11th30 October 1973
12th30 October 1975
13th30 October 1976Ding Mou-shih
14th30 October 1977Hsu Ching-chung
15th31 October 1978Wang Hao, Ivy Ling Po
16th2 November 1979Chiang Kuang Chao, Sylvia ChangSun Yat-sen Memorial Hall (Taipei)
17th3 November 1980
18th30 October 1981Li Tao, Josephine SiaoKaohsiung Cultural CenterCTS
19th24 October 1982Terry Hu, Chiang Kuang ChaoSun Yat-sen Memorial Hall (Taipei)CTV
20th16 November 1983Sun Yueh, Tien NiuKaohsiung Cultural CenterTTV
21st18 November 1984Wang Kuan-hsiung, Yao WeiSun Yat-sen Memorial Hall (Taipei)CTS
22nd3 November 1985Sun Yueh, Terry HuKaohsiung Cultural Center
23rd30 November 1986Chang Hsiao-yen, Eric TsangTaipei Cultural Center
24th29 October 1987Chang Hsiao-yen, David TaoCTS
25th5 November 1988Sylvia Chang, David TaoTaipei GymnasiumTTV
26th9 December 1989Pa Ke, Yin ShiaNational Theater and Concert Hall, TaipeiCTV
27th10 December 1990Chang Hsiao-yen, James WongCTS
28th4 December 1991Lin Feng, Sibelle HuTTV
29th12 December 1992Chang Hsiao-yen, Lawrence ChengSun Yat-sen Memorial Hall (Taipei)CTV
30th4 December 1993Sun Yueh, Fang Fangfang
31st10 December 1994Regina Tsang, Kenny Bee、Chang Shih
32nd9 December 1995Chang Hsiao-yen, Sylvia Chang
33rd14 December 1996Hu GuaCally KwongKaohsiung Cultural CenterCTS, Star Chinese Movies
34th13 December 1997Hsui Hao-ping, Sandra NgSun Yat-sen Memorial Hall (Taipei)ETTV
35th12 December 1998Isabel Kao, Jacky WuCTV, Star Chinese Movies
36th12 December 1999Wakin Chau, Matilda TaoTVBS Entertainment Channel
37th2 December 2000Matilda Tao, Stephen Fung, Nicky WuMuch TV
38th8 December 2001Kevin Tsai, Isabel KaoHualien StadiumEBC
39th16 November 2002Carol Cheng, Kevin TsaiKaohsiung Cultural CenterTVBS Entertainment Channel
40th13 December 2003Tainan Municipal Cultural Center
41st4 December 2004Kevin Tsai, Lin Chi-lingZhongshan Hall (Taichung)
42nd13 November 2005Hu Gua, Patty HouKeelung Cultural CenterAzio TV
43rd25 November 2006Kevin Tsai, Patty HouTaipei Arena
44th8 December 2007Pauline Lan, Blackie Chen, Angela ChowStar Chinese Movies, Phoenix Television
45th6 December 2008Carol Cheng, Blackie ChenZhongshan Hall (Taichung)Star Chinese Movies
46th28 November 2009Matilda TaoNew Taipei City HallAzio TV
47th20 November 2010Kevin Tsai, Dee HsuTaoyuan Arts CenterTTV
48th26 November 2011Eric Tsang, Bowie TsangHsinchu Performing Arts Center
49th24 November 2012Bowie Tsang, Huang BoLuodong Cultural Factory
50th23 November 2013Kevin TsaiSun Yat-sen Memorial Hall (Taipei)
51st22 November 2014Mickey Huang, Ella Chen
52nd21 November 2015Mickey Huang, Lin Chi-ling
53rd26 November 2016Matilda Tao
54th25 November 2017
55th17 November 2018
56th23 November 2019N/A

Award categories

Current categories

Merit awards
English name Mandarin name First awarded
Best Feature Film 最佳劇情片 1962
Best Animation Feature 最佳動畫長片 1977
Best Documentary 最佳紀錄片 1962
Best Short Feature Film 最佳創作短片 1996
Best Short Animation Film 最佳動畫短片 2016
Best Director 最佳導演 1962
Best Leading Actor 最佳男主角 1962
Best Leading Actress 最佳女主角 1962
Best Supporting Actor 最佳男配角 1962
Best Supporting Actress 最佳女配角 1962
Best New Director 最佳新導演 2010
Best New Performer 最佳新演員 2000
Best Original Screenplay 最佳原著劇本 1962
Best Adapted Screenplay 最佳改編劇本 1962
Best Cinematography 最佳攝影 1962
Best Visual Effects 最佳視覺效果 1995
Best Art Direction 最佳美術設計 1965
Best Makeup & Costume Design 最佳造型設計 1981
Best Action Choreography 最佳動作設計 1992
Best Original Film Score 最佳原創電影音樂 1962
Best Original Film Song 最佳原創電影歌曲 1979
Best Film Editing 最佳剪輯 1962
Best Sound Effects 最佳音效 1962
Special awards
English name Mandarin name First awarded
Outstanding Taiwanese Filmmaker of the Year 年度台灣傑出電影工作者 1997
Audience Choice Award 觀眾票選最佳影片 1992
Lifetime Achievement Award 終身成就獎 1993
External awards
English name Mandarin name First awarded
FIPRESCI Prize 國際影評人費比西獎 2007
Piaget Award for Best Original Screenplay 伯爵年度優秀獎 2013

Discontinued categories

English name Mandarin name First awarded Last awarded
Outstanding Taiwanese Film of the Year 年度台灣傑出電影 1997 2010
Best Director (Documentary) 最佳紀錄片導演 1986 1988
Best Planning (Documentary) 最佳紀錄片策劃 1962 1980
Best Cinematography (Documentary) 最佳紀錄片攝影 1962 1980
Best News Film 最佳新聞片 1968 1970
Best Directing (News Film) 最佳新聞片編導 1968 1969
Best Cinematography (News Film) 最佳新聞片攝影 1968 1969
Best Direction (Animation) 最佳卡通片編導 1977 1980
Best Child Star 最佳童星 1962 1984

Hosts

For the first fourteen award ceremonies, there were no regular hosts for the ceremony. Hosts began since the fifteenth ceremony; that year's hosts were Ivy Ling Po and Wang Hao. Since then, there are usually two hosts every year, sometimes with a combination of one host from Hong Kong and the other from Taiwan. A significant number of celebrities have hosted the ceremony, such as Jackie Chan, Eric Tsang, Kevin Tsai and Dee Hsu. In 2012 (the 49th awards ceremony), Bowie Tsang and Huang Bo were the hosts and Huang Bo became the first host from Mainland China in the history of the Golden Horse Film Festival and Awards.

Records

  • Hong Kong actor Tony Leung Chiu-wai has won the most Best Leading Actor awards. He won this award in the 31st, 40th and 41st awards ceremony with Chungking Express, Infernal Affairs, and Lust, Caution. He also holds the record for actor with most nominations in the Best Actor category with 7 times.
  • Hong Kong actress Maggie Cheung won the most Best Leading Actress awards. She won this award in the 26th, 28th, 34th and 37th awards ceremony with Full Moon in New York, Center Stage, Comrades: Almost a Love Story, and In the Mood for Love.
  • In 2009, at the 46th awards ceremony, for the first time, two winners were jointly awarded Best Actor: Hong Kong actor Nick Cheung and Chinese actor Huang Bo.
  • In 2006, at the 43rd awards ceremony, 9-year-old actor Ian Gouw was crowned Best Supporting Actor for his performance in After This Our Exile. He became the youngest winner in the history of the awards.
  • Taiwanese actress Loretta Yang was named Best Leading Actress in the 21st and 22nd awards ceremony. She is the first actress who won this award for two consecutive years.
  • Hong Kong actor Jackie Chan took the Best Leading Actor award at the 29th and 30th awards ceremony. He is the first actor who won this award for two consecutive years.
  • Hong Kong actor Anthony Wong has won the most number of the Best Supporting Actor award. He won this award in the 39th, 40th and 42nd awards ceremony with the movies Xiang Fei, Infernal Affairs and Initial D.
  • Chinese actress Wang Lai has won the most number of the Best Supporting Actress awards. She won this award in the 3rd, 18th, 25th and 28th awards ceremony with the movies, Ren Zhi Chu, Xiao Hu Lu, People between Two China, and Pushing Hands.
  • Chinese director and actress Joan Chen is the first person who won awards across two categories, the Best Director (in 1998 for Xiu Xiu: The Sent Down Girl) and the Best Leading Actress. Moreover, she was the first female to win this award.
  • In 2012, the 49th awards ceremony, Huang Bo became the first host from China.
  • Also in 2012, Hong Kong actor Chapman To was nominated as the Best Actor for the movie Vulgaria and the Best Supporting Actor for the movie Diva. He is the only person who is nominated in these two categories in the same year.
  • In 2015, Taiwanese actress Karena Lam became the first person to have won the triple acting awards: Best Leading Actress, Best Supporting Actress and Best New Performer.
  • In 2017, at age 14, Taiwanese actress Vicky Chen became the youngest person to have won the Best Supporting Actress award. She is also the only performer to have been nominated for two acting awards (Best Leading Actress and Best Supporting Actress) for that year.

References

  1. Sui, Cindy (16 November 2018). "The glamour and drama of the Oscars of Asia". Retrieved 11 June 2019 via www.bbc.com.
  2. "About Us: Introduction". Taipei Golden Horse Film Festival. Archived from the original on 31 May 2013. Retrieved 18 April 2013.
  3. "About Us: History". Taipei Golden Horse Film Festival. Archived from the original on 13 May 2014. Retrieved 19 October 2014.
  4. "Rivals step out of Shadow to win Golden Horse Awards". The Straits Times. 18 November 2018. Retrieved 11 June 2019.

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