Golden Grove (1782 ship)

Golden Grove was built at Whitby in 1780 as Russian Merchant, and was renamed Golden Grove in 1782. She served as a storeship for the First Fleet to Australia. Thereafter she sailed to the Mediterranean and the Baltic. She is last listed in 1811–1813.

History
Great Britain
Name: Russian Merchant
Owner: Leighton & Co., London[1]
Port of registry: Whitby[2]
Launched: 1780
Renamed: Golden Grove (1782)
Fate: Unknown, disappeared from records after 1811
General characteristics [3]
Type: Store ship
Tons burthen: 321, or 331, or 333,[4] or 400[5] (bm)
Length: 94 ft (29 m)
Beam: 30 ft (9.1 m)
Sail plan: Full-rigged ship
Armament:
  • 1781:7 × 6-pounder guns + 3 × 12-pounder carronades[5]
  • 1783:2 × 9-pounder + 4 × 6-pounder guns
  • 1796–97:2 × 9-pounder guns + 4 × 12-pounder carronades

Early career

Russian Merchant first appears in Lloyd's Register in 1781 with T. Parker, master, Leighton, owner, and trade Saint Petersburg—London.[5]

Year Name Master Owner Trade
1782 Russian Merchant
Golden Grove[6]
T.Parker Leighton Saint Petersburg—London
1783 Golden Grove J. Mann Leighton London-Jamaica
1784 Golden Grove J. Mann Leighton Jamaica-London
1786 Golden Grove Thompson Leighton London
1787 Golden Grove W. Sharp Leighton London—Botany Bay

First Fleet

Golden Grove's master was William Sharp. The Fleet's chaplain Richard Johnson and his wife and servant travelled to New South Wales on this ship.[7]

She left Portsmouth on 13 May 1787, and arrived at Botany Bay, Sydney, Australia, on 26 January 1788 but left for Port Jackson soon after. On 2 October 1788 she took 21 male and 11 female convicts to Norfolk Island, returning to Port Jackson on 25 October. She left Port Jackson on 19 November 1788, keeping company with Fishburn until losing sight of her on 11 April 1789 after several days at the Falkland Islands for the recovery of crew members who were sick with scurvy. She arrived back in England on 9 June 1789.[7]

Later career and fate

Lloyd's Register for 1791 shows Golden Grove, with Sharp, master, and trade London—Botany Bay, changing to London—Stettin.[8]

Year Master Owner Trade
1792 W. Sharp Leighton London—Marseilles
1793 W. Sharp Leighton London—Marseilles
1794 W. Sharp Leighton London—Marseilles
1795 A. Maria J. Tavener Portsmouth—Riga
1796 A. Merinn J. Tavener Portsmouth—Riga
1797 A. Merinn J. Tavener Portsmouth—Riga
1798 A. Merinn J. Tavener Portsmouth—Riga
1799 A. Merinn J. Tavener Liverpool—Riga
1800 A. Merinn
John Oswald
J. Tavener
John Fletcher
Liverpool—Riga
1801 John Oswald John Fletcher Liverpool—Perneau
1802 John Oswald
F. Blair
John Fletcher
J. Sutton
Liverpool—Perneau
1803 F. Blair J. Sutton Liverpool—Perneau
1804 F. Blair J. Sutton Liverpool—Perneau

Lloyd's Register for 1805 lists Golden Grove, of 333 tons (bm), built in 1780 at Whitby, F. Blair, master, J. Sutton, owner, with trade London—Elsinor.[4] This entry continues unchanged until 1811. The Register of Shipping carries an identical entry until 1811.

Postscript

A former inner-city suburb of Sydney was named after the ship.[9] This suburb has now been largely subsumed into a small locality, part of Newtown and Camperdown and the name today is carried only by some maps and a street in the area.

An Urban Transit Authority First Fleet ferry was named after Golden Grove in 1986.[10]

See also

Citations and references

Citations

  1. Hackman (2001), p.117.
  2. "Picture of the Golden Grove". home.vicnet.net.au. 1996. Archived from the original on 29 December 2011. Retrieved 7 August 2012.
  3. "Golden Grove 1788". historyaustralia.org.au. 2012. Retrieved 7 August 2012.
  4. G191 Lloyd's Register (1805), Seq. №G191.
  5. Lloyd's Register (1781), Seq.№R169.
  6. Lloyd's Register (1782), Seq.№R177.
  7. "Golden Grove". First Fleet Fellowship Victoria Inc. 2012. Retrieved 7 August 2012.
  8. Lloyd's Register (1791), Seq. №G90.
  9. "Golden Grove the suburb". Archived from the original on 1 March 2012. Retrieved 5 July 2012.
  10. Sydney Ferries Fleet Facts Archived 12 April 2015 at the Wayback Machine Transport for NSW
  11. The Voyage of Governor Phillip to Botany Bay (1789)

References

  • Hackman, Rowan (2001). Ships of the East India Company. Gravesend, Kent: World Ship Society. ISBN 0-905617-96-7.
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