Golden-fronted leafbird

The golden-fronted leafbird (Chloropsis aurifrons) is a species of leafbird. It is found from the Indian subcontinent and south-western China, to south-east Asia and Sumatra.[2]

Golden-fronted leafbird
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Aves
Order: Passeriformes
Family: Chloropseidae
Genus: Chloropsis
C. aurifrons
Binomial name
Chloropsis aurifrons
Temminck, 1829

It builds its nest in a tree, laying 2-3 eggs. This species eats insects and berries.

Taxonomy and systematics

Formerly, the Sumatran leafbird was considered as a subspecies, but the two differ extensively in morphology and other characteristics.


The adult is green-bodied with a black face and throat bordered with yellow. It has dark brown irises and blackish feet and bill.[2] It has a yellowish orange forehead and blue moustachial line (but lacks the blue flight feathers and tail sides of blue-winged leafbird). Young birds have a plain green head and lack the black on their face and throat. The black of the face and throat appears slightly duller in females.

The southern Indian race, C. a. frontalis, has a narrower yellow border to black face. The throat is black and it has a blue sub-moustachial stripe and duller orange forehead. Towards the extreme south of India and Sri Lanka the race insularis occurs which is slightly smaller than frontalis.[3]


Its song consists of rising and falling liquid chirps in bulbul-like tones and its call may include harsh whispers. They are also known to mimic the calls of other bird species and have loud calls.[2]

Distribution and habitat

The golden-fronted leafbird is a common resident breeder in India, Bangladesh, Sri Lanka, and parts of Southeast Asia. Its habitat is forest and scrub.

Behaviour and ecology

The golden-fronted leafbird builds its nest in a tree, laying 2-3 eggs. This species eats insects and berries.


  1. BirdLife International (2012). "Chloropsis aurifrons". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2013.2. International Union for Conservation of Nature. Retrieved 26 November 2013.
  2. Ramsay., MacKinnon, John (2000). A field guide to the birds of China. Phillipps, Karen., He, Fen-qi. New York: Oxford University Press. ISBN 9780198549406. OCLC 42597710.
  3. Rasmussen, P. C. & J. Anderton 2005. Birds of South Asia:The Ripley Guide. Vol 2. Smithsonian Institution and Lynx Edicions
  • Birds of India by Grimmett, Inskipp and Inskipp, ISBN 0-691-04910-6
  • Wells, D. R. (2005). Chloropsis aurifrons (Golden-fronted Leafbird). pp. 265–266 in: del Hoyo, J., A. Elliott, & D. A. Christie. eds. (2005). Handbook of the Birds of the World. Vol. 10. Cuckoo-shrikes to Thrushes. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona.

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