Glossamia aprion

Glossamia aprion is a species of freshwater ray-finned fish from the family Apogonidae, the cardinalfishes, from northern Australia and New Guinea. In Australia, it is commonly known as the mouth almighty.

Glossamia aprion
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Actinopterygii
Order: Kurtiformes
Family: Apogonidae
Genus: Glossamia
G. aprion
Binomial name
Glossamia aprion

Apogon aprion J. Richardson, 1842
Apogonichthys gillii Steindachner, 1867
Mionorus lunatus Krefft, 1868
Gulliveria fasciata Castelnau, 1878
Gulliveria fusca Castelnau, 1878
Apogonichthys roseobrunneus MacLeay, 1881
Apogonichthys longicauda De Vis, 1884
Gulliveria ramsayi MacLeay, 1884
Kurandapogon blanchardi Whitley, 1939


G. aprion has a creamy-brown background colour and six to eight irregularly shaped, broken markings which are similar to bars; these are darker olive-brown in colour and they reach the ventral side. They also have many irregular, darker brown spots and blotches, which vary in size, and a dark bar which runs from the eye to gills. The first dorsal fin is sooty in colour, with the outer half much darker than the inner part, as are the pelvic and the inner parts of second dorsal and anal fins. Also, dark spots and marbling are on these fins.[3] This species grows to a maximum standard length of 18 cm (7.1 in), although standard lengths of 12 cm (4.7 in) are normal.[4]


G. aprion is widespread in northern Australia, where its occurs in rivers, creeks, and lagoons from the Fitzroy River in the West Kimberley region of Western Australia to the Burnett River in Queensland. It is found in similar habitats in New Guinea.[3]

Habitat and ecology

G. aprion is native to still or slowly flowing fresh waters, where it shelters in aquatic vegetation growing in the shallows near the edges. It is a nocturnal species which ambushes its prey, mainly small crustaceans, insects, and smaller fish. The female lays a relatively small number of large eggs. These are brooded by the male in his mouth, and the larvae hatch at a quite advanced stage.[3]


  1. Eschmeyer, W. N.; R. Fricke & R. van der Laan (eds.). "Glossamia aprion". Catalog of Fishes. California Academy of Sciences. Retrieved 21 September 2018.
  2. Paxton, J.R., D.F. Hoese, G.R. Allen and J.E. Hanley (1989) Pisces. Petromyzontidae to Carangidae., Zoological Catalogue of Australia, Vol. 7. Australian Government Publishing Service, Canberra
  3. Martin F. Gomon. "Glossamia aprion". Fishes of Australia. Museums Victoria. Retrieved 21 September 2018.
  4. Froese, Rainer and Pauly, Daniel, eds. (2018). "Glossamia aprion" in FishBase. June 2018 version.
This article is issued from Wikipedia. The text is licensed under Creative Commons - Attribution - Sharealike. Additional terms may apply for the media files.