Glenmorangie (pronounced with the stress on the second syllable:
|Owner||Louis Vuitton Moët Hennessy|
|Water source||Tarlogie Springs in the Tarlogie Hills|
|No. of stills||6 wash stills|
6 spirit stills
|Capacity||6,000,000 litres/per annum|
|Age(s)||Original (10 Years)|
"Extra Matured" Range (~12 Years)
|Cask type(s)||American white oak, ex-bourbon whiskey casks (main)|
Oloroso sherry casks
Ruby port casks
Sauternes wine casks
"Artisan" air-dried white oak casks
Legends tell that alcoholic beverages of one kind or another were produced in and around Tain since the Middle Ages.
According to the Glenmorangie Company, the earliest record of the production of alcohol at Morangie Farm is dated 1703. In the 1730s a brewery was built on the site that shared the farm's water source, the Tarlogie Spring. A former distillery manager, William Matheson, acquired the farm in 1843 and converted the Morangie brewery to a distillery, equipped with two second hand gin stills. He later renamed the distillery Glenmorangie.
Glenmorangie, like all distilleries and breweries in Britain, suffered terribly between 1920 and 1950, with Prohibition and then the Great Depression in the United States reducing whisky sales. The distillery was effectively mothballed between 1931 and 1936. The depression ended with World War II, but the war effort left fuel and barley in short supply and the distillery was again mothballed between 1941 and 1944. Exports of whisky were important during the war, but enemy action disrupted and destroyed deliveries to the United States and Canada.
Towards the end of the war and in the immediate post-war period, the distillery increased production and was running at full capacity by 1948. The number of stills was increased from two to four during 1977. Water supply became a concern during the 1980s when development of the land around the Tarlogie Springs seemed likely. Development could have reduced the quality and quantity of water available to the distillery, so the decision was made to purchase around 600 acres (2.4 km2) of land around and including the Tarlogie Springs. The distillery once again engaged in expansion during 1990 when it added a further four stills, and two additional fermentation vessels (or washbacks) were added during 2002. Four new stills were added in 2009, bringing the total to twelve.
The Macdonald family retained ownership of 52% of the company through a complicated London stock exchange listing which saw the family hold the majority of the voting shares in the company. In 2004, the company was sold to the French drinks company Moët Hennessy Louis Vuitton for around £300 million.
Following the change of ownership, the Glenmorangie product line was rebranded to increase its appeal in the overseas luxury goods market. A new, more curvaceous, bottle was introduced and the Wood Finish whiskies were given new names such as The Quinta Ruban, Nectar d'Or and LaSanta. According to Professor Paul Freathy, the director of the Institute of Retail Studies at the University of Stirling, "The French-sounding names are an unusual innovation, because what makes whisky unique is the traditional tie to Scotland. It's a brave strategy."
For some years, The Glenmorangie Company supplied its whisky for the production of "own brand" blended whisky by supermarket groups. The practice ceased in 2009 when it sold off the Glen Moray brand.
Glenmorangie has been the best selling single malt in Scotland almost continuously since 1983, and produces around 10 million bottles per annum, of which 6 to 6.5 million are sold in the UK. Globally, Glenmorangie has a 6% share of the single malt market.
Glenmorangie's water source is the Tarlogie Springs, situated in the Tarlogie Hills above the distillery. Barley grain is supplied by Highland Grain Ltd, a co-operative of farmers in the area. The stills used, the tallest in Scotland at 26 ft 3 in (8.00 m) tall, with 16 feet 10.25 inches (5.1372 m) necks, are claimed by the company to produce an extremely light taste. The distillation process was for decades undertaken by a staff of 16, known as The Sixteen Men of Tain, who worked year round, with the exceptions of Christmas and periods of maintenance. Expansion of production since 2008 has led to a larger staff of 24, who are now referred to on bottles and in promotional leaflets just as The Men of Tain.
Glenmorangie uses a number of different cask types, with all products being matured in white oak casks which are manufactured from trees growing in Glenmorangie's own forest in the Ozark Mountains of Missouri, United States. These new casks are left to air for two years before being leased to distillers Jack Daniel's and Heaven Hill for them to mature bourbon in for four years. Glenmorangie then uses the barrels to mature their spirit. The Original range will mature entirely in ex-bourbon casks, while the Extra Matured range of bottlings are transferred into casks that were previously used to mature other products such as wine, port or sherry in a process called finishing. These form part of the regular range of products Glenmorangie makes. Glenmorangie also obtains small batches of other casks for finishing and release limited edition bottlings from these. Following acquisition by LVMH, Glenmorangie produced a rare limited edition aged in casks previously used to mature Château Margaux; these bottlings are now (2011) extremely hard to find and are priced accordingly.
The warehouses in which the casks are stored are also believed to affect the taste of the whisky. Glenmorangie have released a special edition bottling titled Cellar 13, which is from the warehouse closest to the sea, as the whisky is believed to have a distinctive flavour.
Bottling of the Glenmorangie and Ardbeg brands takes place at The Glenmorangie Company's purpose-built bottling plant in The Alba Campus at Livingston, West Lothian, just outside Edinburgh, Scotland. Glenmorangie previously bottled Drambuie in a joint venture with the Drambuie Company; this arrangement ended in 2010.
Core Range: Original, Lasanta, Quinta Ruban, and Nectar D’Or.
Prestige Range: 18, 19, 25, Signet, Pride 1981, Pride 1978, Pride 1974, and Grand Vintage Malt 1990.
Private Edition Range: (1st Annual Release) Sonnalta PX; 2010, (2) Finealta; 2011, (3) Artein; 2012, (4) Ealanta; 2013, (5) Companta; 2014, (6) Tùsail; 2015, (7) Milsean; 2016, (8) Bacalta; 2017, (9) Spios; 2018, and (10) Allta; 2019.
Legend Collection: Tarlogan, Tayne, Duthac, Dornoc, and Cadboll.
Limited Edition Range: Astar 2009 and 2017, and A Midwinter Night's Dram 2015 and 2017.
Cask Masters Selections: Taghta 2014 (Sherry Cask).
Glenmorangie's products have tended to garner very high scores from international Spirit ratings competitions and from liquor reviewing bodies. Its 12-year Lasanta and 18-year single malt spirits, for example, have never received less than a silver medal at the San Francisco World Spirits Competitions. The 12-year Lasanta has been placed in the Top 10 percentile of all whiskies by Proof66.com, which aggregates liquor ratings from the San Francisco World Spirits Competition, Wine Enthusiast, and others. Over the last five years Glenmorangie has won more "Gold Best in Class" awards than any other single malt Scotch whisky from the International Wine and Spirits Competition. In 2012, the IWSC awarded The Glenmorangie Company the title Distiller of the Year.
In popular culture
- Glenmorangie on Whisky.com
- "Glenmorangie". maltmadness.com. Retrieved 22 February 2015.
- The translation of "Glen of Tranquillity" implied by Glenmorangie commercials is derived from the similarly sounding Gleann Mòr na Sìth "great valley of peace"; at least this was the explanation given in reaction to a 2003 complaint to the Scottish Advertising Standards Authority about the alleged mistranslation ASA.org.uk Archived 10 February 2009 at the Wayback Machine
- "Glenmorangie Single Malt Scotch Whisky". Glenmorangie. Archived from the original on 1 September 2007. Retrieved 29 September 2007.
- Daniel Lerner, Single Malt and Scotch Whisky: Select and Savor over 200 Brands and Varieties, Black Dog and Leventhal Publishers, Inc., 1997. ISBN 1-884822-76-2.
- "Glenmorange Distillery". The Distilleries of Scotland. Retrieved 29 September 2007.
- "Anticipated acquisition by Moët Hennessy S.N.C. of Glenmorangie plc". Office of Fair Trading. 17 December 2004. Archived from the original on 15 December 2007. Retrieved 29 September 2007.
- Moore, Charlotte (22 October 2004). "Family sells Glenmorangie to cognac maker". The Guardian. Retrieved 23 March 2014.
- "Glenmorangie takes a oui step towards luxury on the continent". Herald Scotland. Retrieved 22 February 2015.
- Friedli, Douglas (29 August 2004). "Not so tranquil now". The Scotsman. UK. Retrieved 29 September 2007.
- Crawford, Alan (29 August 2004). "The Great Whisky Myth". Sunday Herald. Retrieved 29 September 2007.
- Darroch, Valerie (24 October 2004). "Glenmorangie sale buys new owners a footing in the global whisky". The Sunday Herald. Retrieved 29 September 2007.
- "Highland Grain Limited – News". 21 March 2007. Archived from the original on 15 December 2007. Retrieved 29 September 2007.
- "Our Stories - Glenmorangie Single Malt Scotch Whisky". Glenmorangie. Archived from the original on 10 February 2014. Retrieved 22 February 2015.
- "Glenmorangie Distillery Profile". The Scotch Malt Whisky Society. Retrieved 29 September 2007.
- Darroch, Valerie (21 April 2002). "Raising a glass to new friends; The myth is it's an old man's drink". The Sunday Herald. Retrieved 29 September 2007.
- "Glenmorange Distillery Visit". Royalmilewhiskies.com. Archived from the original on 9 November 2007. Retrieved 29 September 2007.
- "Glenmorangie: Northern Highlands distillery". Scotland: Whisky and Distilleries. Retrieved 29 September 2007.
- "Glen Moray". The Whisky Guide. Archived from the original on 14 August 2007. Retrieved 29 September 2007.
- Bradley, Jane (28 March 2009). "Morrison Bowmore seals Deal". The Scotsman. UK. Retrieved 8 April 2009.
- "Pronunciation". [www.dcs.ed.ac.uk/home/jhb/whisky/index.html The Edinburgh Malt Whisky Tour]. Retrieved 1 August 2010.
- "Proof66.com Website for Glenmorangie". Retrieved 17 October 2012.
- "Proof66.com Website for Glenmorangie's 12 year Lasanta". Retrieved 17 October 2012.
- "Glenmorangie is the Best of the Best". Archived from the original on 11 October 2011. Retrieved 6 September 2011.
- "Glenmorangie Quarter Century wins Best Highland Single Malt award". Archived from the original on 12 May 2013. Retrieved 10 May 2013.
- Adler, David R. "The Sixteen Men of Tain - Allan Holdsworth". AllMusic. Rovi Corporation. Retrieved 13 July 2014.
- Bernhardt, Ralf; Würsching, Hans Georg (2005). The Glenmorangie Single Highland Malt Scotch Whisky Collector's Guide. Einhausen, Germany: Cluaran. ISBN 978-3980934435.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Glenmorangie distillery.|