Giuseppe Saracco

Giuseppe Saracco (6 October 1821 19 January 1907) was an Italian politician, financier and Knight of the Annunziata.

Giuseppe Saracco
15th Prime Minister of Italy
In office
24 June 1900  15 February 1901
MonarchUmberto I
Victor Emmanuel III
Preceded byLuigi Pelloux
Succeeded byGiuseppe Zanardelli
Personal details
Born6 October 1821
Bistagno, Kingdom of Sardinia
Died9 January 1907(1907-01-09) (aged 85)
Bistagno, Kingdom of Italy
Political partyHistorical Left


Giuseppe Saracco was born at Bistagno (province of Alessandria).

After qualifying as an advocate, he entered the Piedmontese parliament in 1849. He was a supporter of Cavour. After Cavour died in 1861, Saracco joined the party of Rattazzi and became under-secretary of state for public works in the Rattazzi cabinet of 1862. In 1864 Sella appointed Saracco as secretary-general of finance, and after being created senator in 1865, he acquired considerable fame as a financial authority.

In 1879 he succeeded in postponing the total abolition of the grist tax, and was throughout a fierce opponent of Magliani's loose financial administration. Selected as minister of public works by Depretis in 1887, and by Crispi in 1893, he worked to mitigate the worst consequences of Depretis's corruptly extravagant policy, and introduced a sounder system of government participation in public works.

In November 1898 he was elected president of the senate, and in June 1900 he succeeded in forming a Cabinet of pacification after the Obstructionist crisis which had caused the downfall of General Pelloux. His term of office was clouded by the assassination of King Umberto (29 July 1900), and his administration was brought to an end in February 1901 by a vote of the chamber condemning his weak attitude towards a general dock strike at Genoa.

After February 1901 Saracco resumed his functions as president of the senate, but on the advent of the third Giolitti cabinet, he was not reappointed to that position.

Saracco received the supreme honour of the knighthood of the Annunziata from King Umberto in 1898.


    •  This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain: Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Saracco, Giuseppe". Encyclopædia Britannica (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press.
    Political offices
    Preceded by
    Domenico Farini
    President of the Italian Senate
    Succeeded by
    Tancredi Canonico
    Preceded by
    Luigi Pelloux
    Prime Minister of Italy
    Succeeded by
    Giuseppe Zanardelli
    Italian Minister of the Interior

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