Gironde

Gironde (/ʒɪˈrɒnd/ zhi-ROND,[1] US usually /ɪˈ-/ ji-,[2][3] French: [ʒiʁɔ̃d] (listen); Occitan: Gironda) is a department in the Nouvelle-Aquitaine region of southwest France. It is named after the Gironde estuary, a major waterway. The Bordeaux wine region is in the Gironde.

Gironde

Gironda  (Occitan)
Prefecture building of the Gironde department, in Bordeaux

Flag

Coat of arms
Location of Gironde in France
Coordinates: 44°50′N 0°40′W
CountryFrance
RegionNouvelle-Aquitaine
PrefectureBordeaux
SubprefecturesArcachon
Blaye
Langon
Lesparre-Médoc
Libourne
Government
  President of the General CouncilJean-Luc Gleyze
Area
  Total10,000 km2 (4,000 sq mi)
Population
 (2016)
  Total1,566,679
  Rank7th
  Density160/km2 (410/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+1 (CET)
  Summer (DST)UTC+2 (CEST)
Department number33
Arrondissements6
Cantons33
Communes535
^1 French Land Register data, which excludes estuaries, and lakes, ponds, and glaciers larger than 1 km².

History

Historical population
YearPop.±% p.a.
1801502,723    
1806522,371+0.77%
1821522,041−0.00%
1831554,225+0.60%
1841568,034+0.25%
1851614,387+0.79%
1861667,193+0.83%
1872705,149+0.50%
1881748,703+0.67%
1891793,528+0.58%
1901821,131+0.34%
1911829,095+0.10%
1921819,128−0.12%
1931852,768+0.40%
1936850,567−0.05%
1946858,381+0.09%
1954896,517+0.54%
1962935,448+0.53%
19681,009,390+1.28%
19751,061,480+0.72%
19821,127,546+0.87%
19901,213,499+0.92%
19991,287,532+0.66%
20061,393,758+1.14%
20161,566,679+1.18%
source:[4]

Gironde is one of the original 83 departments created during the French Revolution on 4 March 1790. It was created from parts of the former provinces of Guyenne and Gascony.

From 1793 to 1795, the department's name was changed to Bec-d'Ambès to avoid the association with the revolutionary party, the Girondists.

Geography

Gironde is part of the current region of Nouvelle-Aquitaine and is surrounded by the departments of Landes, Lot-et-Garonne, Dordogne and Charente-Maritime and the Atlantic Ocean on the west. With an area of 10,000 km², Gironde is the largest department in metropolitan France. If overseas departments are included, however, Gironde's land area is dwarfed by the 83,846 km² of French Guiana.

Gironde is well known for the Côte d'Argent beach which is Europe's longest, attracting many surfers to Lacanau each year. It is also the birthplace of Jacques-Yves Cousteau who studied the sea and all forms of life in water.

The Great Dune of Pyla in Arcachon Bay near Bordeaux is the tallest sand dune in Europe.[5]

Politics

The President of the General Council is Jean-Luc Gleyze of the Socialist Party.

Partyseats
Socialist Party45
The Republicans12
French Communist Party3
Miscellaneous Right1
MoDem1
Hunting, Fishing, Nature, Tradition1

Current National Assembly Representatives

ConstituencyMember[6]Party
Gironde's 1st constituency Dominique David La République En Marche!
Gironde's 2nd constituency Catherine Fabre La République En Marche!
Gironde's 3rd constituency Loïc Prud'homme La France Insoumise
Gironde's 4th constituency Alain David Socialist Party
Gironde's 5th constituency Benoît Simian La République En Marche!
Gironde's 6th constituency Éric Poulliat La République En Marche!
Gironde's 7th constituency Bérangère Couillard La République En Marche!
Gironde's 8th constituency Sophie Panonacle La République En Marche!
Gironde's 9th constituency Sophie Mette MoDem
Gironde's 10th constituency Florent Boudié La République En Marche!
Gironde's 11th constituency Véronique Hammerer La République En Marche!
Gironde's 12th constituency Christelle Dubos La République En Marche!

Tourism

See also

References

  1. "Gironde". Oxford Dictionaries. Oxford University Press. Retrieved 28 August 2019.
  2. "Gironde". Collins English Dictionary. HarperCollins. Retrieved 28 August 2019.
  3. "Gironde". Merriam-Webster Dictionary. Retrieved 28 August 2019.
  4. Site sur la Population et les Limites Administratives de la France
  5. C.G. (14 August 2009). Les Adresses de Mathilde Seigner et Fabien Onteniente. Le Figaro Magazine. (in French)
  6. http://www.assemblee-nationale.fr/
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