Ginninderra Creek

Ginninderra Creek, a partly perennial stream of the Murrumbidgee catchment within the Murray-Darling basin, is located in the Capital Country region spanning both the Australian Capital Territory and New South Wales, Australia.

Ginninderra Creek
Ginninderry Creek, Ginninginninderry Creek, Gingininderra Creek
Ginninderra Creek, impounded at Lake Ginninderra, 2011
EtymologyAboriginal: word meaning "sparkling" or "throwing little rays of light"[1]
StateAustralian Capital Territory, New South Wales
IBRASouth Eastern Highlands
DistrictCapital Country
Town centresGungahlin, Belconnen
Physical characteristics
SourceSpring Range
  locationnorth-east of Hall, ACT
  elevation599 m (1,965 ft)
Mouthconfluence with Murrumbidgee River
Ginninderra Gorge, Yass Valley, NSW
430 m (1,410 ft)
Length23 km (14 mi)
Basin features
River systemMurrumbidgee River, Murray–Darling basin
ReservoirsGungahlin Pond, Lake Ginninderra

Ginninderra is derived from the Aboriginal word, meaning "sparkling" or "throwing little rays of light".[1] The traditional custodians of the land surrounding Ginninderra Creek are the Aboriginal people of the Ngunnawal tribe.


Ginninderra Creek rises on the northern border between the Australian Capital Territory (ACT) and New South Wales (NSW), sourced from the Spring Range, located north-east of Hall. The creek flows generally south-west across the Ginninderra Plain, through the Gungahlin and Belconnen regions in Canberra, and then heads west crossing the western border between the ACT and flowing into NSW, towards its confluence with the Murrumbidgee River. The creek descends 168 metres (551 ft) over its 23 kilometres (14 mi) course.[2]

Ginninderra Creek is impounded by Gungahlin Pond and Lake Ginninderra,[2] a man-made lake that was constructed in 1974 to act as a sedimentation pond. The creek flows over the Ginninderra Falls, descending 41 metres (135 ft), and through Ginninderra Gorge, to its confluence with the Murrumbidgee River.

The catchment of Ginninderra Creek covers approximately 32,000 hectares (79,000 acres).

The Ginninderra Creek catchment carries approximately a quarter of Canberra's urban runoff, and there is considerable risk of runoff from urban areas harming aquatic ecosystems in the Murrumbidgee River system.


Ginninderra Falls is a popular scenic tourist destination,[3] opened initially as a private tourist park from the late 1990s.[4] John Gale argued that the Ginninderra Falls were so pretty that Canberra should be chosen as the capital city of Australia, rather than the proposal to choose Dalgety as the location for the national capital.[5] From mid-2011 onwards, advocacy began for the establishment of a national park containing the Ginninderra Falls, comprising 900 hectares (2,200 acres) and covering both ACT and NSW, inclusive of the existing 200 hectares (490 acres) Woodstock Nature Reserve in the ACT.[4][6]


  1. "Ginninderra Creek". Place name search. Government of the Australian Capital Territory. Retrieved 14 February 2013.
  2. "Map of Ginninderra Creek, ACT". Retrieved 14 February 2013.
  3. "Ginninderra Falls Walk". Current region Information: Australian Capital Territory. National Trust of Australia. Archived from the original on 25 April 2013. Retrieved 14 February 2013.
  4. Tim the Yowie Man (30 July 2011). "Ginninderra Falls for all of us". The Sydney Morning Herald. Retrieved 13 February 2013.
  5. McDonald, J. Kay (1985). Exploring the ACT and Southeast New South Wales. Sydney: Kangaroo Press. p. 38. ISBN 0-86417-049-1.
  6. Doherty, Megan (31 May 2012). "Falls to become a national treasure". The Canberra Times. Retrieved 13 February 2013.

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