Ghazali Shafie

Muhammad Ghazali bin Shafie (22 March 1922 – 24 January 2010)[1] was a Malaysian politician. He served as Foreign Minister and Home Minister during his career.

Muhammad Ghazali Shafie

Ghazali during the signing of Cobbold Commission.
Malaysian Minister of Home Affairs
In office
Preceded byIsmail Abdul Rahman
Succeeded byMusa Hitam
Malaysian Minister of Foreign Affairs
In office
Preceded byAbdullah Ahmad Badawi
Succeeded byAhmad Rithauddeen
Personal details
Born(1922-03-22)22 March 1922
Kuala Lipis, Pahang, British Malaya
Died24 January 2010(2010-01-24) (aged 87)
Subang Jaya, Selangor, Malaysia
Resting placeMakam Pahlawan, Masjid Negara, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia
Political partyUnited Malays National Organisation (UMNO) part of Barisan Nasional
Spouse(s)Toh Puan Khatijah Abdul Majid (deceased)


Ghazali was born in 1922 in Kuala Lipis, Pahang.[2] He was of Minangkabau descent from Rao, West Sumatra.[3] He was part of the clandestine resistance to the Japanese occupation of Malaya in World War II. He then studied at the University of Wales and the London School of Economics.[4]

After a career in the civil service, Ghazali entered politics.[4] He served as Home and Information Minister from 1973 to 1981, and was then appointed as Foreign Minister until 1984. He represented the Parliamentary seat of Lipis from 1974, before which he was a member of the Dewan Negara (upper house of parliament).[5] As Foreign Minister, he was known for his role in ASEAN's diplomacy in respect of conflict in Cambodia.[4] Described as a "flamboyant politician",[4] his nickname was "King Ghaz".[5]

In 1982, Ghazali survived an aeroplane crash in which he was the pilot. His bodyguard and co-pilot were killed.[5] There had been reports (for example in the New York Times[6]) that Ghazali had been killed in the crash.[7] A coroner later blamed the accident on what the coroner found to be Ghazali's negligence.[8]

After leaving politics, he held a range of positions in the corporate sector and with international organisations.[2]

Ghazali died on 24 January 2010 at 7.45pm, at his home in Subang Jaya.[9] His wife, Toh Puan Khatijah Abdul Majid, died in April 2008; he is survived by his two sons, Bachtiar and Sheriffudin.[10] He was buried at Makam Pahlawan, Masjid Negara, Kuala Lumpur.[11]


Honours of Malaysia


  1. Tun Muhammad Ghazali bin Shafie.
  2. "'King Ghaz' Remembered As No-nonsense Man". Bernama. 25 January 2010. Retrieved 25 January 2010.
  3. Memperkasakan Tokoh Rao
  4. Leifer, Michael (2001). Dictionary of the modern politics of South-East Asia (3rd ed.). Taylor & Francis. p. 121. ISBN 0-415-23875-7. Retrieved 25 January 2010.
  5. "Ghazali Shafie Dies". Bernama. 25 January 2010. Retrieved 25 January 2010.
  6. "Mohammad Ghazali bin Shafie, Malaysian official, dies in crash". New York Times. 11 January 1982. Retrieved 25 January 2010.
  7. "Envoy Survives". The Pittsburgh Press (United Press International). 11 January 1982. Retrieved 25 January 2010.
  8. "Minister blamed". The Montreal Gazette. 23 June 1983. Retrieved 25 January 2010.
  9. "Ghazali Shafie dies". The Star (Malaysia). 24 January 2010. Archived from the original on 27 January 2010. Retrieved 25 January 2010.
  10. "'King' Ghaz dies". The Malaysian Insider. 25 January 2010. Archived from the original on 27 January 2010. Retrieved 25 January 2010.
  11. ""King Ghaz" buried at Warriors' Mausoleum". 25 January 2010. Retrieved 25 January 2010.
  12. "Semakan Penerima Darjah Kebesaran, Bintang dan Pingat".
  13. "Senarai Penuh Penerima Darjah Kebesaran, Bintang dan Pingat Persekutuan Tahun 2005" (PDF).
  14. "Laman Web Rasmi Darjah Kebesaran Negeri Selangor Darul Ehsan".
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