Ghana national football team

The Ghana national football team represents Ghana in international association football and has done so since the 1950s. The team is nicknamed the Black Stars after the Black Star of Africa in the flag of Ghana. It is administered by the Ghana Football Association, the governing body for football in Ghana and the oldest football association in Africa (founded in 1920). Prior to 1957, the team played as the Gold Coast.

Nickname(s)Black Stars
AssociationGhana Football Association (GFA)
ConfederationCAF (Africa)
Sub-confederationWAFU (West Africa)
Head coachJames Kwesi Appiah
CaptainAndré Ayew
Most capsAsamoah Gyan (109)
Top scorerAsamoah Gyan (51)
First colours
Second colours
FIFA ranking
Current 47 (19 December 2019)[1]
Highest14 (February 2008, April–May 2008)
Lowest89 (June 2004)
Elo ranking
Current 51 1 (25 November 2019)[2]
Highest13 (30 June 1966)
Lowest97 (14 June 2004)
First international
 Gold Coast and British Togoland
1–0 Nigeria 
(Accra, British Gold Coast; 28 May 1950)
Biggest win
 Nyasaland 0–12 Ghana [3]
(Nairobi, Kenya; 12 December 1965)[3][4]
Biggest defeat
 Bulgaria 10–0 Ghana 
(León, Mexico; 14 October 1968)[5]
World Cup
Appearances3 (first in 2006)
Best resultQuarter-finals, (7th overall) 2010
Africa Cup of Nations
Appearances22 (first in 1963)
Best resultChampions, 1963, 1965, 1978 and 1982
African Nations Championship
Appearances3 (first in 2009)
Best resultSecond place, 2009, 2014

Although the team qualified for the senior FIFA World Cup for the first time in 2006, they had qualified for four Olympic Games Football Tournaments when the tournament was still a full senior national team competition; their best achievement was the third position at the 1992 Summer Olympics. The team has won the Africa Cup of Nations four times[6] (in 1963, 1965, 1978, and 1982) and has been runner-up five times (in 1968, 1970, 1992, 2010, and 2015). After going through 2005 unbeaten, the Ghana national football team won the FIFA Best Mover of the Year Award and reached the second round of the 2006 FIFA World Cup. At the 2010 FIFA World Cup in South Africa, they became only the third African team to reach the World Cup quarter-finals, and in 2014 they competed in their third consecutive World Cup.


20th century

The Gold Coast Football Association was founded in 1920, succeeded by the Ghana Football Association (GFA) in 1957, which affiliated to Confederation of African Football and FIFA the following year.

On 19 August 1962 at the Accra Sports Stadium, the Black Stars played Spanish giants Real Madrid, who were at the time Spanish champions, former European champions and intercontinental champions, and drew 3–3.[7]

Charles Kumi Gyamfi became coach in 1961, and the Black Stars won successive African Cup of Nations titles, in 1963 and 1965, and achieved their record win, 13–2 away to Kenya, shortly after the second of these. They also reached the final of the tournament in 1968 and 1970, losing 1–0 on each occasion, to DR Congo and Sudan respectively. Their domination of this tournament earned the Black Stars team the nicknames of "the Black Stars of West Africa" and "the Black Stars of Africa" in the 1960s.[8]

The team had no success in FIFA World Cup qualification during this era, and failed to qualify for three successive African Cup of Nations in the 1970s, but qualified for the Olympic Games football tournaments, becoming the first team from sub-Saharan Africa to qualify for the Games,[9] and reaching the quarter-finals in 1964 and withdrawing on political grounds in 1976 later winning the 1982 African cup of nations. After three failures to reach the tournament final, the 1992 African Cup of Nations saw the Black Stars finish second.

21st century

Prior to the year 2000, disharmony among the squad which eventually led to parliamentary and executive intervention to settle issues between two squad members, Abedi Pele and Anthony Yeboah in the late 1990s, may have played some part in the failure of the team to build on the successes of the national underage teams in the late 1990s, but a new generation of Black Stars players who went to the 2001 FIFA World Youth Championship final became the core of the team at the 2002 African Cup of Nations, and were undefeated for a year in 2005 and reached the finals of the 2006 FIFA World Cup, the first time the team had reached the global stage of the tournament. The Black Stars started by succumbing to a 2–0 defeat to eventual champions Italy, but wins over the Czech Republic (2–0) and the United States (2–1) saw them through to the second round, where they lost 3–0 to Brazil.[10]

In 2008, Ghana reached a high ranking of 14 according to the FIFA World Rankings. The Black Stars went on to secure a 100 percent record in their qualification campaign, winning the group and becoming the first African team to qualify for the 2010 FIFA World Cup. In the final tournament, the team competed in Group D with Germany, Serbia and Australia. Ghana reached the round of 16 where they played the United States, winning 2–1 in extra time to become the third African nation to reach the World Cup quarter-finals. The team then lost to Uruguay in a penalty shootout in the quarter-finals, having missed a penalty kick in extra time after a certain goal was prevented by Luis Suárez's deliberate handball, who was then shown a red card for his actions.[11]

In 2013 Ghana became the only team in Africa to reach four consecutive semi-finals of the CAF Africa Cup of Nations twice, from 1963 and 1970 and from 2008 and 2013.[12]

Ghana was sufficiently highly ranked by FIFA to start their qualifying for the 2014 World Cup in the Second round. They won the group, and in the following round qualified for the 2014 World Cup finals in November 2013, beating Egypt 7–3 on aggregate in a two-legged play-off.[13][13] Ghana was drawn in Group G for the finals, where they faced Germany, Portugal, and the United States.[14] The World Cup finals ended up in disappointment as Ghana exited in the group stages with issues of poor planning and payment bonuses being blamed for the poor performance, although they did manage a 2–2 draw with Germany, who ended up winning the competition. They would be the only team to not lose to Germany in that tournament

Team image

Kits and crest

The black star is present on the Flag of Ghana and national coat of arms in the centre of the national crest. Adopted following the independence of Ghana in 1957, the black star has always been included in its kits.[8] The Black Stars' kits were sponsored by Puma SE from 2005, with the deal ending in 2014.[15]

The Black Star kit is used instead of the original gold, green, and red coloured football kit based on the colours of the Ghana national flag. The Black Stars have used an all-white and partly black football kit which was worn from the years 1957 to 1989 and again from 2006 until December 2014.

Between 1990 and 2006 the Ghana national three team used the kit in the colours of the national flag of Ghana, with gold, green and red used extensively, as in the team's crest and also known as the Pan-African colours. The gold with green and red kit concept and design was also used in the sixties and seventies, and designed with gold and green vertical stripes and red shoulders. An all black second kit was introduced in 2008 and in 2015, Black Stars' gold-red-green coloured kit and all black coloured kit is to be reassigned to the position of 1st and 2nd kits following the induction of a brown with blue and gold coloured Black Stars 3rd kit in 2012.[16][17]

The Ghana national football team's football kit for the 2014 FIFA World Cup was ranked as the best kit of the tournament by BuzzFeed.[18]

Black Stars 2008 Africa Cup of Nations 1st and 2nd kits

Kit suppliers

Kit supplier Period Notes

Kit deals

Kit supplier Period Contract date Contract duration Value Notes
Puma 2005–present

Grounds and training grounds

Lizzy Sports Complex

There is no home stadium for the Black Stars. World Cup and Africa Cup of Nations qualifying matches have been played at the Essipong Stadium and Sekondi-Takoradi Stadium in Sekondi-Takoradi, the Len Clay Stadium, Kumasi Sports Stadium and Abrankese Stadium in Kumasi, the Cape Coast Sports Stadium in Cape Coast, the Accra Sports Stadium in the Accra and the Tamale Stadium in Tamale. Some smaller, regional stadia (stadiums) were also used in the 2002 Africa Cup of Nations qualifying and 2004 African Cup of Nations qualification qualifying campaigns.

The Black Stars' training facilities and training grounds are located at Agyeman Badu Stadium, Berekum Sports Stadium in Brong-Ahafo, the Tema Sports Stadium in Tema and the multi-functional Lizzy Sports Complex in Legon.[19]

Media coverage

83 percent of the Ghanaian people are Akan-speakers, and about 21 percent are English-speakers; match schedules of the Black Stars are broadcast both in English as in the case of inter-continental matches and in Akan nationally by Adom TV, PeaceFM, AdomFM and HappyFM. During the scheduled qualification for the 2014 World Cup national broadcaster GTV, a sub-division of the Ghana Broadcasting Corporation (GBC), broadcast to the Ghanaian public home qualifiers with away qualifiers broadcast by the satellite television broadcasting corporation Viasat 1. The friendly match against Turkey in August 2013 was televised by Viasat 1 and the qualifiers for the 2015 Africa Cup of Nations and the 2018 Inter-Continental Championships are scheduled for public broadcast by the corporations GFA TV, GBC and Viasat 1.[20]

Organization and finance

The Black Stars as it stands now has no official head because of corrupt practices by the then president, Kwesi Nyantakyi.[21] and vice-president George Afriyie,[22] with Frank Davis as director of football, and Edward Bawa as treasurer.[23] The Ghana Football Association (GFA) signed a CN¥92.2 million (US$15 million) deal with Ghanaian state-run oil and gas exploration corporation, Ghana National Petroleum Corporation (GNPC), to sponsor the Black Stars and the renewable contract saw the oil and gas exploration corporation become the global headline sponsor of the Black Stars, with a yearly Black Stars player salary wage bill,[24][25] following the gold mining corporations Ashanti Goldfields Corporation and Goldfields Ghana Limited (GGL), which had been sponsoring the Black Stars since 2005.[26]

On 28 August 2013, Ghana Football Association (GFA) launched a TV channel and named GFA TV, thus becoming the first football association on the African continent to launch its own TV network. The channel has the exclusive rights to broadcast all the Black Stars' matches.[27] In November 2013, the Black Stars signed a 2013–2015 CN¥30.6 million (US$5 million) and an additional classified multi-million private bank sponsorship deal with the Ghanaian state-run private banking institution UniBank.[28]


The Black Stars maintain an average stadium match attendance of 60,000+ and a match attendance high of 80,000+, such as in the case of the Black Stars' 2010 FIFA World Cup quarter-final against Uruguay in which was attended by 84,017 spectators.[29] Ghana's match against England on 29 March 2011 had the largest away following for any association football national team since the re-opening of Wembley Stadium in 2007.[30] The match was watched by 700 million people around the world.[30]

Following the team's appearances at the 2006 and 2010 World Cup tournaments they were greeted by several hundred avid fans dancing and singing at Kotoka International Airport in Accra.[31]


The Black Stars' main footballing rivalry is with the Super Eagles, the national team of Nigeria. The "Battle of Supremacy on the Gulf of Guinea" is between two of the most successful teams on the African continent.[32] The proximity of the two countries to each other, a dispute between the different association football competitions and wider diplomatic competition for influence across West Africa add to this rivalry.[32]

Products including books, documentary films, Azonto dances and songs have been made in the name of the Ghana national football team. These may be intended with commercial motives but are focused on previous and future World Cups or Africa Cup of Nations tournaments.

  • Books: Several books have been published on the team's history and participation in major tournaments. These include Ghana, The Rediscovered Soccer Might: Watch Out World!,[33] about the history and performance of the Black Stars and also all the major association football national teams that the Black Stars have ever played against, and The Black Stars of Ghana by Alan Whelan;[34] about Black Stars commencing their progress through the final rounds of the 2010 World Cup and into the quarter-finals.
  • Documentary films: In 2010 Miracle Films Ghana Limited showcased a vintage documentary film picture, Kwame Nkrumah & Ghana's Black Stars, about Osagyefo Kwame Nkrumah "Africa's man of the 2nd millennium" and "Pan-African pioneer",[35] who invested a lot of energy into making Ghana's association football national team – the Black Stars – a force in African football.[36]
  • Nickname: The Black Star Line, a shipping industry line incorporated by the founder of the Back-to-Africa movement, civil rights movement leader Marcus Garvey and the organiser of the Universal Negro Improvement Association and African Communities League (UNIA) from 1919 to 1922, gives the Ghana national football team their nicknames, the Black Stars of West Africa and the Black Stars of Africa.[36]
  • Dances: Upon the Black Stars scoring against opposition teams, dance forms of the worldwide popular Ghanaian Azonto were performed by Black Stars players in their goal celebrations in match victories at the 2010 World Cup and in 2013, a new elite dance version of the Ghanaian Azonto named; "(Akan: Mmonko)" (shrimp), was established and showcased at the 2013 Africa Cup of Nations by the Black Stars players.[37] Black Stars goal celebrations in match victories at the 2014 World Cup and upon scoring against opposition teams, are to establish and showcase Alkayida.[38]
  • Songs: On occasions of past World Cups or African Championships, a number of Ghanaian musicians with music producers created hiplife football songs which were composed in the Akan language – the 2006 World Cup song, "Akan: Tuntum Nsorom Ye Ko Yen Anim", (Black Stars, We are moving forward) musical composed by the Musicians Union of Ghana, is to motivate the Black Stars to perform creditably in their quest for the capturing of the World Cup trophy.[39] Black Stars' captain and top-goalscorer Asamoah Gyan recorded and released a Hiplife song with 'Castro The Destroyer', where he features under the alias 'Baby Jet'. The song is entitled "African Girls" and is sung in the Akan language and was launched onto the Ghanaian screens, continental West Africa screens and onto the Sub-Saharan Africa screens. The music video shows the famous "Asamoah Gyan Dance" goal celebration which he demonstrated at the 2010 World Cup and in the Premier League. The song "African Girls" won an award at the Ghana Music Awards in 2011. The 2010 World Cup song, "Ghana Black Stars (Official Song 2010 World Cup)" composed by Ghanaian hiplife music group "Kings and Queens Entertainment" approved by the Ghana Football Association (GFA) as the GFA has indicated that the Black Stars are a protected brand.[40]


Current technical staff

Head Coach James Kwesi Appiah Assistant Coach- Ibrahim Tanko
Technical Director Francis Oti Akenteng Assistant Coach
Goalkeeper Coach Richard Kingson
Goalkeeper Coach Stephen Appiah
Goalkeeper Coach Simon Addo
Technical Coordinator Franklin Appiah
Technical Coordinator Joseph Asamoah
Head Scout Otto Addo
Head Masseur Samuel Ankomah
Physiotherapists Colonel Ofosu Anim
Ralph Frank
Head Psychologist Professor Joseph Mintah
Head Doctor Prof. Dr.Chris Adomako
Video Analyst Michael Okyere
Business Manager Anthony Baffoe
Head Scout George Boateng
Dentist David Yaw Edu Arthur

Last updated: October 2014
Source: Ghana Football Association official website

Former head coaches

Since 1957 Ghana has had 32 different head coaches and three caretakers. C. K. Gyamfi is the most successful of these, leading the Black Stars to three Africa Cup of Nations titles – in 1963, 1965 and 1982 – making Gyamfi the joint most successful coach in the competition's history.[41] Fred Osam Duodu led the Black Stars to their 1978 Africa Cup of Nations title;[42] Ratomir Dujković, Milovan Rajevac, and James Kwesi Appiah, have all led the Black Stars to World Cup qualification.[43][44]


Current squad

The following 23 players were selected for the 2019 Africa Cup of Nations.
Caps and goals updated as 26 March 2019 after the friendly match against Mauritania.

No. Pos. Player Date of birth (age) Caps Goals Club
1 1GK Richard Ofori (1993-11-01) 1 November 1993 15 0 Maritzburg United
12 1GK Lawrence Ati-Zigi (1996-11-29) 29 November 1996 3 0 Sochaux
16 1GK Felix Annan (1994-11-22) 22 November 1994 1 0 Asante Kotoko

2 2DF Joseph Attamah (1994-05-22) 22 May 1994 4 0 Çaykur Rizespor
4 2DF Jonathan Mensah (1990-07-13) 13 July 1990 61 1 Columbus Crew
14 2DF Lumor Agbenyenu (1996-08-15) 15 August 1996 12 0 Mallorca
15 2DF Kasim Nuhu (1995-06-22) 22 June 1995 6 2 Fortuna Düsseldorf
17 2DF Baba Rahman (1994-07-02) 2 July 1994 24 0 Mallorca
18 2DF Joseph Aidoo (1995-09-29) 29 September 1995 1 0 Celta Vigo
21 2DF John Boye (1987-04-23) 23 April 1987 64 5 Metz
22 2DF Andy Yiadom (1991-12-02) 2 December 1991 5 0 Reading

5 3MF Thomas Partey (1993-06-13) 13 June 1993 21 8 Atlético Madrid
6 3MF Afriyie Acquah (1992-01-05) 5 January 1992 34 1 Yeni Malatyaspor
7 3MF Christian Atsu (1992-01-10) 10 January 1992 61 10 Newcastle United
10 3MF André Ayew (Captain) (1989-12-17) 17 December 1989 81 14 Swansea City
11 3MF Mubarak Wakaso (1990-07-25) 25 July 1990 54 12 Alavés
19 3MF Samuel Owusu (1996-03-28) 28 March 1996 4 0 Al-Fayha
20 3MF Kwadwo Asamoah (1988-12-09) 9 December 1988 71 4 Internazionale
23 3MF Thomas Agyepong (1996-10-10) 10 October 1996 5 0 Waasland-Beveren

3 4FW Asamoah Gyan (1985-11-22) 22 November 1985 109 51 NorthEast United
8 4FW Owusu Kwabena (1997-06-18) 18 June 1997 0 0 Córdoba
9 4FW Jordan Ayew (1991-09-11) 11 September 1991 53 14 Crystal Palace
13 4FW Caleb Ekuban (1994-03-23) 23 March 1994 2 2 Trabzonspor

Recent call-ups

The following players have been called up for Ghana in the last 12 months.

Pos. Player Date of birth (age) Caps Goals Club Latest call-up
GK Fatau Dauda (1985-04-06) 6 April 1985 25 0 Enyimba 2019 Africa Cup of Nations PRE

DF Mohammed Alhassan (1992-05-06) 6 May 1992 0 0 Hearts of Oak 2019 Africa Cup of Nations PRE
DF Musah Nuhu (1997-01-17) 17 January 1997 0 0 St. Gallen 2019 Africa Cup of Nations PRE / INJ
DF Daniel Opare (1990-10-18) 18 October 1990 20 0 Antwerp v.  Mauritania, 26 March 2019
DF Nicholas Opoku (1997-08-11) 11 August 1997 7 0 Udinese v.  Mauritania, 26 March 2019
DF Amos Frimpong (1991-11-18) 18 November 1991 3 0 Asante Kotoko v.  Mauritania, 26 March 2019
DF Harrison Afful (1986-06-24) 24 June 1986 84 0 Columbus Crew v.  Ethiopia, 18 November 2018
DF Daniel Amartey (1994-12-01) 1 December 1994 26 0 Leicester City v.  Sierra Leone, 11 October 2018 INJ

MF Ebenezer Ofori (1995-07-01) 1 July 1995 10 1 New York City 2019 Africa Cup of Nations PRE
MF Yaw Yeboah (1997-03-28) 28 March 1997 0 0 Celta B 2019 Africa Cup of Nations PRE
MF Jeffrey Schlupp (1992-12-23) 23 December 1992 18 1 Crystal Palace v.  Mauritania, 26 March 2019
MF Alfred Duncan (1993-03-10) 10 March 1993 9 0 Sassuolo v.  Mauritania, 26 March 2019
MF Ernest Asante (1988-11-06) 6 November 1988 2 0 Al-Hazem v.  Mauritania, 26 March 2019
MF Kwame Bonsu (1994-09-25) 25 September 1994 1 0 Asante Kotoko v.  Mauritania, 26 March 2019
MF Alhassan Wakaso (1992-01-07) 7 January 1992 1 0 Vitória de Guimarães v.  Mauritania, 26 March 2019
MF Opoku Ampomah (1996-01-02) 2 January 1996 4 0 Fortuna Düsseldorf v.  Ethiopia, 18 November 2018
MF Majeed Ashimeru (1997-10-10) 10 October 1997 1 0 Red Bull Salzburg v.  Ethiopia, 18 November 2018
MF Bernard Mensah (1994-10-17) 17 October 1994 4 1 Kayserispor v.  Sierra Leone, 11 October 2018
MF Isaac Sackey (1994-04-04) 4 April 1994 4 0 Denizlispor v.  Sierra Leone, 11 October 2018

FW Majeed Waris (1991-09-19) 19 September 1991 32 4 Porto 2019 Africa Cup of Nations PRE
FW Kwesi Appiah (1990-08-12) 12 August 1990 7 2 AFC Wimbledon v.  Mauritania, 26 March 2019
FW Emmanuel Boateng (1996-05-23) 23 May 1996 4 1 Dalian Yifang v.  Mauritania, 26 March 2019
FW Richmond Boakye (1993-01-28) 28 January 1993 14 6 Red Star Belgrade v.  Sierra Leone, 11 October 2018
  • DEC Player refused to join the team after the call-up.
  • INJ Withdrew because of injury.
  • PRE Preliminary squad.
  • RET Player has retired from international football.
  • SUS Suspended from the national team.

Youth teams

The football association of Ghana (GFA) administers several national teams at different age levels between 16 and 23 years of age.


The under-23 level (or Olympic team) from the 1992 Summer Olympics competes in Olympic football tournaments, Football at the All-Africa Games, CAF U-23 Championship and is restricted to using players aged 23 years and under.[45] The football at the Olympic Games is thus considered as an under-23 World Cup and since the Olympic Games of 1992; the under-23 level has participated in 5 Olympic Games, becoming the first African team to win an Olympic medal when they won bronze in 1992.[45]


The under-20 level is considered as the feeder level to the Black Stars senior squad and has competed at the FIFA U-20 World Cup since its inception in the 1970s. The under-20 level captured the FIFA U-20 World Cup in 2009 after defeating Brazil 4–3 on penalties after the match finished 0–0 in extra time, and becoming the first on the Africa continent to do so. The under-20 level has been champions of the African Youth Championship three times: in 1995, 1999 and 2009, as well as twice runners-up in 2001 and 2013.


The under-17 level is the youngest level and players chosen may not be more than 17 years of age. The team represents Ghana in the FIFA U-17 World Cup. The under-17 team have twice been FIFA U-17 World Cup champions, in 1991 and 1995. Additionally they finished as runners up on two occasions, 1993 and 1997. The under-17 level has participated in eight of the 15 tournaments of the FIFA U-17 World Cup, debuting in Scotland 1989 FIFA U-16 World Championship and dominating the FIFA U-17 World Cup competition in the 1990s, where they reached four consecutive finals.[46] They also twice won the African U-17 Championship.

Competitive record

Africa Cup of Nations record

Ghana has won the Africa Cup of Nations four times – in 1963, 1965, 1978, and 1982 – bettered by Cameroon and Egypt. As the first winner of three Nations Cup tournaments, Ghana obtained the right to permanently hold the trophy in 1978.[47] The Black Stars have qualified for the tournament 22 times in total, finishing as runners-up five times, third once, and fourth four times. Thus, Ghana has the most final game appearances at the tournament with nine, essentially making the final in almost half of its appearances in the tournament. Ghana also holds the record of most consecutive semi-final appearances with six straight between 2008 and 2017.

Africa Cup of Nations Record
Africa Cup of Nations Record Pld W D* L GF GA GD
Africa Cup of Nations Finals9954202513082+48
Africa Cup of Nations
Titles: 4
Appearances: 22
Year Round Position Pld W D* L GF GA
1957Part of United Kingdom
1959Not affiliated to CAF
1962Did not qualify
1968Second place2nd5311118
1970Second place2nd522164
1972Did not qualify
1980Group stage5th311111
1984Group stage6th310224
1986Did not qualify
1992Second place*2nd541062
1996Fourth place4th640275
1998Group stage11th310233
2004Did not qualify
2006Group stage10th310223
2008Third place3rd6501115
2010Second place2nd530244
2012Fourth place4th631265
2013Fourth place4th6321106
2015Second place*2nd6411103
2017Fourth place4th630345
2019Round of 1612th413053
2021To be determined
*Denotes place was determined by penalty kicks.
** Gold background colour indicates that the team won the tournament.
***Red border color indicates the team was a host nation.

African Nations Championship record

Ghana has competed in three African Nations Championship tournaments, twice finishing as runners-up.

Year Round Position GP W D L GF GA
Ivory Coast 2009Runners-up2nd 513176
Sudan 2011 Group stage14th300314
South Africa 2014Runners-up2nd633041
Rwanda 2016 Did not qualify
Morocco 2018
Cameroon 2020 To be determined
Algeria 2022
Total Runners-up3/5144641211

African Games

Football at the African Games has been an under-23 tournament since 1991.
African Games Record
Year Result GP W D L GS GA
1991–present See Ghana national under-23 football team

West African Nations Cup and WAFU Nations Cup record

Olympic record

Year Round Position GP W D L GF GA
Athens 1896 No association football competition
Paris 1900 At the 1900 and 1904 Olympics, clubs competed.
St. Louis 1904
London 1908 The Gold Coast team did not participate
Stockholm 1912
Antwerp 1920
Paris 1924
Amsterdam 1928
Los Angeles 1932 No association football competition
Berlin 1936 The Gold Coast team did not participate
London 1948
Helsinki 1952 Did not participate [a]
Melbourne 1956
Rome 1960 Did not qualify
Tokyo 1964 Quarter-final 7th4112712
Mexico 1968 Round 1 12th302168
Munich 1972 Round 1 16th3003111
Montreal 1976 Round 1 (Did not participate)
Moscow 1980 Did not qualify
Los Angeles 1984
Seoul 1988
Barcelona 1992 Since 1992 olympic football is competed by U-23 [n]
Total 3/1924th101361431
a. Note: The Gold Coast national football team established in 1950; country known as Gold Coast then renamed Ghana in 1957, not competing in international competitions and not being part of neither FIFA nor CAF until 1958, and therefore also recognized by the International Olympic Committee (IOC).
n. Note: Football at the Summer Olympics has been an under-23 tournament since 1992.

World Cup record

The Black Stars have qualified for three FIFA World Cup tournaments; 2006, 2010, and 2014. In 2006, Ghana was the only African side to advance to the second round of the World Cup in Germany, and was the sixth nation in a row from Africa to progress beyond the group stages of the World Cup.[48] The Black Stars had the youngest team in the 2006 edition with an average age of 23 years and 352 days,[48] and were praised for their improving performance.[49][50] FIFA ranked Ghana 13th out of the 32 countries who competed in the tournament.[51]

In the 2010 World Cup, Ghana progressed beyond the group stages of the World Cup in South Africa, and reached the quarter-finals where they were eliminated by Uruguay. The Black Stars were defeated on penalty shootout after Luis Suárez hand-balled on the goal line deep into extra time, preventing a certain winning goal.[52] Of the 32 countries that participated in the 2010 edition, FIFA ranked Ghana 7th.[53]

After beating Egypt 7–3 on aggregate in November 2013, Ghana qualified for the 2014 World Cup in Brazil.[54] They were drawn in Group G with Germany, the United States and Portugal.[55] For the first time, Ghana fell in the group stage, tying Germany 2–2 and losing to both the United States and Portugal by 2–1.[56]

FIFA World Cup record
FIFA World Cup record Pld W D L GF GA GD
World Cup Finals94351316−3
World Cup Quals (H)3424827819+59
World Cup Quals (A)3398163742−5
World Cup Total7637182112471+53
FIFA World Cup record
Year Round Position Pld W D L GF GA
1930 to 1958 Did not enter
1962 Did not qualify
1966 Withdrew
1970 to 1978 Did not qualify
1982 Withdrew
1986 to 2002 Did not qualify
2006 Round of 16 13th 4 2 0 2 4 6
2010 Quarter-finals 7th 5 2 2 1 5 4
2014 Group stage 25th 3 0 1 2 4 6
2018 Did not qualify
2022 To be determined
Total Quarter-finals 3/21 12 4 3 5 13 16

Team honours

Last updated 8 February 2015

Continental tournaments

Winners (4): 1963, 1965, 1978, 1982
Runners-up (5): 1968, 1970, 1992, 2010, 2015
Runners-up (2): 2009, 2014

Continental Subregion

Winners (3): 1959, 1960, 1963
Winners (5): 1982, 1983, 1984, 1986, 1987
Third place (1): 1991
Winners (2): 2013, 2017
Third place (1): 2010

Other tournaments and cups

Winners: 1962
Runners up: 1982
  • Samuel K. Doe Cup 1986[60]
Runners up: 1986
  • Black Stars Tournament 1993 (Libreville, Gabon)[61]
Third: 1993
  • Great Artificial River Championship 1999 (Libya)[62]
Runners up: 1999
Third: 2003

Other awards

Results and fixtures





Most capped players

As of 29 March 2019
Players in bold are still active.
Most Capped Players
# Name Career Caps Goals
1Asamoah Gyan2003–present10951
2Richard Kingson1996–2011921
3John Paintsil2001–2013900
4André Ayew2007–present8615
5Sulley Muntari2002–20148520
6Harrison Afful2008–present840
7John Mensah2001–2012833
8Emmanuel Agyemang-Badu2008–present7811
9Kwadwo Asamoah2008–present734
10Karim Abdul Razak1975–19887025

Most goals scored

As of 18 November 2018
Players in bold are still active.
Top Goalscorers
# Name Career Goals Caps
1Asamoah Gyan2003–present51109
2Kwasi Owusu?–?36[64]?
3Abedi Pele1982–19983367
4Edward Acquah?–?30[64]?
5Anthony Yeboah1985–19972959
6Karim Abdul Razak1975–19882570
7Wilberforce Kwadwo Mfum?–?24[64]?
8Osei Kofi?–?21[64]?
9Sulley Muntari2002–20142085

See also



  1. "The FIFA/Coca-Cola World Ranking". FIFA. 19 December 2019. Retrieved 19 December 2019.
  2. Elo rankings change compared to one year ago. "World Football Elo Ratings". 25 November 2019. Retrieved 25 November 2019.
  3. Ghana (formerly Gold Coast) – List of International Matches. RSSSF
  4. "Kenya International matches". RSSSF. Retrieved 10 April 2007.
  5. "MATCH: 27.03.1996 Ghana – Brazil 2:8". 27 March 1996. Retrieved 9 September 2015.
  6. "African Football: The early years". British Broadcasting Corporation. 16 January 2004. Retrieved 16 January 2004.
  7. "International Friendlies of Real Madrid CF 1960–1979". RSSSF. Retrieved 29 May 2012.
  8. "World Cup 2010: Ghana ready to fulfil their destiny". The Guardian. 30 June 2013. Retrieved 2 December 2013.
  9. Anthony, Scott (26 May 2017). "The Stanley Matthews football revolution made in Ghana". Retrieved 26 May 2017.
  10. Joshua Ansah (13 April 2013). "Where is Ghana's 2006 World Cup squad – Part 2". Retrieved 13 December 2013.
  11. Paul Wilson (2 July 2013). "World Cup 2010: Uruguay make Gyan and Ghana pay the penalty". The Guardian. Retrieved 13 December 2013.
  12. "Ghana equal Nations Cup record with Cape Verde win". MTN Group. 3 February 2013. Retrieved 13 December 2013.
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Titles chronology

Last updated 28 November 2013

Preceded by
1962 Ethiopia 
African Champions
1963 (First title)
1965 (Second title)
Succeeded by
1968 DR Congo 
Preceded by
1976 Morocco 
African Champions
1978 (Third title)
Succeeded by
1980 Nigeria 
Preceded by
1980 Nigeria 
African Champions
1982 (Fourth title)
Succeeded by
1984 Cameroon 
Preceded by
Inaugural Champions
West African Champions
1982 (First title)
1983 (Second title)
1984 (Third title)
1986 (Fourth title)
1987 (Fifth title)
Succeeded by
WAFU Nations Cup
Preceded by
2011 Togo 
WAFU Nations Cup Champions
2013 (First title)
Succeeded by
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