The Russian Gepard-class frigates (Project 1166.1) is a class of frigates that were intended as successors to the earlier Koni-class frigates and Grisha, and Parchim-class corvettes. The first unit of the class, Yastreb (Hawk), was laid down at the Zelenodol'sk Zavod shipyard at Tatarstan in 1991. She was launched in July 1993, after which she began fitting out; fitting was nearly completed by late 1995, when it was suspended due to lack of funds. Renamed Tatarstan, the ship was finally completed in July 2002, and became the flagship of the Caspian Flotilla. She has two sister ships, Albatross (renamed Dagestan), and Burevestnik (Storm Petrel), which was still under construction as of 2012.
A Gepard-class frigate
|Name:||Gepard class (Project 1166.1)|
|Builders:||Zelenodolsk Plant Gorky|
|Preceded by:||Koni class|
|Length:||102.14 m (335.1 ft) (93.5 m waterline)|
|Beam:||13.09 m (42.9 ft)|
|Draught:||5.3 m (17 ft)|
|Propulsion:||2 shaft CODOG, 2 × boost M90 gas turbines (29,300 shp (21,800 kW) each), 1 × cruise 86B 18DRPN Type 61D Diesel (8,000 bhp (6,000 kW)), 3 × 600 kW (800 hp) diesel alternator sets|
|Speed:||28 knots (52 km/h; 32 mph)|
|Range:||4,000 nmi (7,000 km) at 10 knots (19 km/h)|
|Sensors and |
|Electronic warfare |
These vessels are capable of employing their weapons systems in conditions up to Sea State 5. The hull and superstructure are constructed primarily of steel, with some aluminium-magnesium being used in the upper superstructure. They are equipped with fin stabilizers and twin rudders, and can use either gas turbines or diesel for propulsion in a CODOG configuration.
The Gepard class was designed from the outset as a lightweight, inexpensive export vessel. The Russians have offered five variants for foreign sale.
- Gepard 1: Helicopter platform (no hangar), VDS deleted.
- Gepard 2: Helicopter platform and hangar, VDS and SA-N-4 deleted.
- Gepard 3: Increased beam of 13.8 metres (45 ft 3 in), displacement increased to 2,100 tons full load, single forward-placed Kortik CIWS in place of AK-630s, helicopter hangar above VDS housing.
- Gepard 4: Unarmed version for search-and-rescue, though weapon mountings still in place.
- Gepard 5: helicopter platform (no hangar), increased range to 6,000 nmi (11,000 km) at 10 knots (19 km/h) knots, reduced speed of 23 knots (43 km/h), gas turbines replaced with 2 8,000 bhp (6,000 kW) diesels.
The Vietnam People's Navy received in March and August 2011 two Gepard 3.9-class frigates ordered in 2006, built in Russia at Tatarstan's Gorky Shipbuilding Plant. As of 2012 Vietnam was examining a purchase of two more, possibly built in Vietnam under license. In late 2011 Vietnam signed a contract for an additional batch of two ships in an anti-submarine version. A further two ships were ordered in 2014 to bring the total order up to six vessels.
Sri Lanka began talks for the credit purchase of a Gepard 5.1 frigate in 2017 and the Sri Lankan cabinet approved the proposal by President Maithripala Sirisena for the purchase of the ship in September 2017.
|11661||Zelenodolsk Shipyard||1993||2 July 2001||31 August 2003||Caspian||Active|
|11661K||1994||1 April 2011||28 November 2012||Caspian||Active|
|011||HQ-011 Dinh Tien Hoang||11661E (Gepard 3.9)||10 July 2007||12 December 2010||23 March 2011||Active|
|012||HQ-012 Ly Thai To||11661E (Gepard 3.9)||27 November 2007||16 March 2011||22 August 2011||Active|
|015||HQ-015 Tran Hung Dao||11661E (Gepard 3.9)||24 September 2013||27 April 2016||6 February 2018||Active|
|016||HQ-016 Quang Trung||11661E (Gepard 3.9)||24 September 2013||26 May 2016||6 February 2018||Active|
|017||HQ-017 Ngo Quyen||11661E (Gepard 3.9)||On order|
|018||HQ-018 Ly Thuong Kiet||11661E (Gepard 3.9)||On Order|
In October 2015, Dagestan, in company with three other Russian Navy ships serving with the Caspian Flotilla, launched cruise missiles at targets in Syria. The missiles flew nearly 1,500 kilometres (930 mi) over Iran and Iraq and struck targets in Raqqa and Aleppo provinces (controlled by the Islamic State) as well as Idlib province (controlled by the al-Qaeda-linked Nusra Front). Peshmerga forces (Kurdish armed forces located in northern Iraq) published a video allegedly depicting two cruise missiles mid-flight en route to Syria.
- John Pike (21 August 2014). "Project 1166.1 Gepard class". Globalsecurity.org. Retrieved 9 October 2015.
- "Vietnam Receives Second Russian-Made Frigate". Defense News. Agence France-Presse. 22 August 2011. Retrieved 9 October 2015.
- "Vietnam Bought Second Batch of Russian Gepard-Class Frigates". rusnavy.com. 7 December 2011. Retrieved 9 October 2015.
- "Vietnam purchases two more Russian frigates". VOV. 27 February 2014. Retrieved 9 October 2015.
- Sputnik. "Russia, Sri Lanka in Talks on Credit Purchase of Gepard 5.1 Frigates". sputniknews.com. Retrieved 2017-12-04.
- "Deal for Rs. 20 billion++ Russian patrol vessel this week, company chief comes in private jet". The Sunday Times Sri Lanka. Retrieved 2017-12-04.
- "Missile ship Dagestan was launched in Zelenodolsk". rusnavy.com. 5 April 2011. Retrieved 9 October 2015.
- "Caspian Flotilla Commissions New Corvette". rusnavy.com. 28 November 2012. Retrieved 9 October 2015.
- "Russian shipyard built frigate for Vietnam". rusnavy.com. 14 December 2009. Retrieved 9 October 2015.
- Работы над фрегатами "Гепард" для Вьетнама близки к завершению. flot.com (in Russian). 26 October 2010. Retrieved 9 October 2015.
- "Russia floats out second Gepard class frigate for Vietnam". sputniknews. 16 March 2010. Retrieved 9 October 2015.
- Tuoi Tre (22 August 2011). "Vietnam gets most modern patrol ship in region". Tuoitrenews.vn. Archived from the original on September 23, 2012. Retrieved 2011-12-28.
- "Russia Starts Building 2 Frigates for Vietnamese Navy". sputniknews. 24 September 2013. Retrieved 8 October 2015.
- "Фрегат "Гепард 3.9" тожественно спущен на воду" (in Russian). Zelenodolsk Plant. 27 April 2016. Retrieved 28 April 2016.
- "Third Gepard frigate arrives to Vietnam from Russia". navaltoday.com. Retrieved 12 January 2018.
- "Vietnam's fourth Gepard frigate arrives in Cam Ranh Bay". Jane's Information Group. Retrieved 4 February 2018.
- "4 Russian warships launch 26 missiles against ISIS from Caspian Sea". rt.com. 7 October 2015. Retrieved 9 October 2015.
- Aji, Albert; Vasilyeva, Nataliya (7 October 2015). "Russia fires cruise missiles from warships into Syria". Yahoo News. Associated Press. Archived from the original on 14 October 2015. Retrieved 9 October 2015.
- Project 11661 Gepard Class Frigates on Zelenodolsk Plant named after A.M. Gorky's website
- Project 11661 Gepard-3.9 Class Frigates on Zelenodolsk Plant named after A.M. Gorky's website
- Gepard Class Frigates (Naval Technology)
- Article in English from FAS
- article in Russian
- (in English) All Gepard Class Frigates - Complete Ship List