Georgia Power

Georgia Power is an electric utility headquartered in Atlanta, Georgia, United States. It was established as the Georgia Railway and Power Company[3] and began operations in 1902 running streetcars in Atlanta as a successor to the Atlanta Consolidated Street Railway Company.

Georgia Power
Founded1945 (1945)
Key people
Paul Bowers (President & CEO)[1]
Number of employees
8,310 [2]
ParentSouthern Company

Georgia Power is the largest of the four electric utilities that are owned and operated by Southern Company. Georgia Power is an investor-owned, tax-paying public utility that serves more than 2.4 million customers in all but four of Georgia's 159 counties.[4] It employs approximately 9,000 workers throughout the state. The Georgia Power Building, its primary corporate office building, is located at 241 Ralph McGill Boulevard in downtown Atlanta.

In 2006, the Savannah Electric & Power Company, a separate subsidiary of Southern Company, was merged into Georgia Power.[5]


Originally the Georgia Railway and Power Company, it began in 1902 as a company running the streetcars in Atlanta and was the successor to the Atlanta Consolidated Street Railway Company. In the 1930s, the company published a free newsletter called Two Bells which was distributed on its streetcars. Two Bells was carried on being distributed into the 1960s on the buses of a successor Atlanta Transit Company (ATC).[6] From 1937 until 1950, Georgia Power also operated trolleybuses in Atlanta, and in 1950 its network of 31 electric bus routes was the largest trolley bus system in the United States.[7] After the Atlanta transit strike of 1950, the Atlanta Transit Company took over operations. Atlanta Streetcar was formed in the 2000s to establish a new streetcar service along Peachtree Street.

The company built several dams, including the Morgan Falls Dam just north of the city, and some as far away as the Tallulah River in the northeast Georgia mountains. These hydroelectric dams form Lake Burton, Lake Seed, Lake Rabun, Lake Tallulah Falls, Lake Tugalo, and Lake Yonah, the last two of which straddle the Georgia – South Carolina border on the Tugaloo River.

The 2016 Delta Air Lines power outage is an event that occurred in the United States[8] in which hundreds of Delta Air Lines flights were delayed or cancelled.[9] Though it was initially suspected that the company was at fault, it was later determined that this was indeed not the case.[10]

Following cost increases in August 2018 for building two additional nuclear reactors at its Vogtle Electric Generating Plant, credit rating agency Moody's downgraded Georgia Power's credit ratings from A3 (upper medium) to Baa1 (lower medium).[11][12]

In September 2018, in order to sustain the project, Georgia Power agreed to pay an additional proportion of the costs of the smaller project partners if completion costs exceeded $9.2 billion.[13]

Coal power

Georgia Power operates the Robert W. Scherer Power Plant, also known as "Plant Scherer," in Monroe County, Georgia. According to Natural History Magazine, as of 2006 Plant Scherer is the largest single point-source for carbon dioxide emissions in the United States.[14] It was also ranked the 20th in the world in terms of carbon dioxide emissions by the Center for Global Development on its list of global power plants in November 2007. It was the only power plant in the United States that was listed in the world's top 25 Carbon Dioxide producers.[15]

Transmission system

Georgia Power utilizes transmission lines carrying 115,000 volts, 230,000 volts and 500,000 volts. Georgia Power has interconnections with the Tennessee Valley Authority to the north, sister company Alabama Power to the west, South Carolina Electric and Gas and Duke Energy to the east, and Gulf Power (another sister company), Florida Power & Light, Progress Energy Florida and the city of Tallahassee, Florida to the south.

Transition to renewables

Georgia Power asked the state's public service commission for approval to convert the coal-fired Plant Mitchell to run on wood fuel. If approved, the retrofit would have begun in 2011 and the biomass plant would have started operating in mid-2012. The 96 MW (129,000 hp) biomass plant would have run on surplus wood from suppliers within a 100 mi (160 km) radius of the plant, which is located near Albany, Georgia. However, in 2014, the company announced it was decertifying the plant and intended to close its operations by April 2015.[16]

Generating facilities

Georgia Power owns and operates a total of 46 generating plants which include hydroelectric dams, fossil fueled generating plants and nuclear power plants, which provide electricity to more than 2.4 million customers in all but four of Georgia's counties.[17]

Hydroelectric dams

Georgia Power Hydro incorporates 19 hydro electric generating units to produce a generation capacity of 1,087,536 kilowatts (KW). Georgia Power Hydro facilities also provide more than 45,985 acres (18,609 ha) of water and more than 1,057 mi (1,701 km) of shoreline for habitat and recreational use.

PlantNearest CityCapacity
Barnett Shoals Hydroelectric Generating PlantAthens, Georgia2,800 kW
Bartletts Ferry Hydroelectric Generating PlantColumbus, Georgia173,000 kW
Burton Hydroelectric Generating PlantClayton, Georgia6,120 kW
Estatoah Hydroelectric Generating PlantMountain City, Georgia240 kW
Flint River Hydroelectric Generating PlantAlbany, Georgia5,400 kW
Goat Rock Hydroelectric Generating PlantColumbus, Georgia38,600 kW
Langdale Hydroelectric Generating PlantWest Point, Georgia1,040 kW
Lloyd Shoals Hydroelectric Generating PlantJackson, Georgia14,400 kW
Morgan Falls Hydroelectric Generating PlantSandy Springs, Georgia16,800 kW
Nacoochee Hydroelectric Generating PlantClayton, Georgia4,800 kW
North Highlands Hydroelectric Generating PlantColumbus, Georgia29,600 kW
Oliver Dam Hydroelectric Generating PlantColumbus, Georgia60,000 kW
Riverview Hydroelectric Generating PlantWest Point, Georgia480 kW
Rocky Mountain Hydroelectric Generating PlantRome, Georgia215,256 kW
Sinclair Dam Hydroelectric Generating PlantEatonton, Georgia45,000 kW
Tallulah Falls Hydroelectric Generating PlantTallulah Falls, Georgia72,000 kW
Terrora Hydroelectric Generating PlantTallulah Falls, Georgia16,000 kW
Tugalo Hydroelectric Generating PlantLakemont, Georgia45,000 kW
Wallace Dam Hydroelectric Generating PlantEatonton, Georgia321,300 kW
Yonah Hydroelectric Generating PlantLakemont, Georgia22,500 kW

Fossil fuel power plants

PlantNearest CityNumber of UnitsCapacity
Bowen Steam-Electric Generating Plant (Plant Bowen)Cartersville, Georgia43,160,000 kW
Harllee Branch Jr. Steam-Electric Generating Plant (Plant Branch) (CLOSED)Eatonton, Georgia41,539,700 kW
William P. Hammond Steam-Electric Generating PlantRome, Georgia4800,000 kW
Kraft Steam-Electric Generating PlantSavannah, Georgia4281,136 kW
John J. McDonough Steam-Electric Generating PlantSmyrna, Georgia2490,000 kW
McIntosh Steam-Electric Generating PlantSavannah, Georgia9810,000 kW
McIntosh Combined Cycle PlantRincon, Georgia21,240,000 kW
Clifford Braswall McManus Steam-Electric Generating PlantBrunswick, Georgia2596,000 kW
W. E. Mitchell Steam-Electric Generating Plant (31°26'41.13"N, 84°8'2.34"W)Albany, Georgia4243,000 kW
Robins Steam-Electric Generating PlantWarner Robins, Georgia2166,000 kW
Robert W. Scherer Steam-Electric Generating Plant (Plant Scherer)Juliette, Georgia43,272,000 kW
Wansley Steam-Electric Generating Plant (Plant Wansley)Carrollton, Georgia2951,872 kW
Allen B. Wilson Combustion Turbine PlantWaynesboro, Georgia354,100 kW
Eugene A. Yates Steam-Electric Generating PlantNewnan, Georgia71,250,000 kW

Nuclear power plants

PlantNearest CityNumber of UnitsCapacity
Alvin W. Vogtle Electric Generating PlantWaynesboro, Georgia22,430,000 kW
Edwin I. Hatch Nuclear Power PlantBaxley, Georgia21,726,000 kW


  1. "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2008-12-17. Retrieved 2008-11-24.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  2. "SEC Filings - Southern Company" (Press release). Southern Company.
  3. See generally Carson, O. E. "The Trolley Titans" (Interurban Special No. 76)(Glendale, 1981)(0916374467).
  4. "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2008-12-17. Retrieved 2008-11-24.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  5. "A State of Innovation: Georgia Power". Georgia Historical Society. 2016-07-20. Retrieved 2018-03-02.
  6. Kurtz, p.69
  7. Sebree, Mac; and Ward, Paul (1974). The Trolley Coach in North America, pp. 14–19. Los Angeles: Interurbans. LCCN 74-20367.
  8. Jamieson, Alastair (1970-01-01). "Delta Warns of Chaos After Power Outage, Worldwide System Failure". NBC News. Retrieved 2016-08-11.
  9. Isidore, Chris. "Delta still digging out on Day 3 - Aug. 10, 2016". Retrieved 2016-08-11.
  10. "Delta: Power outage wasn't the cause of its global computer disruption". 9 August 2016. Retrieved 21 April 2018.
  11. Ondieki, Anastaciah (9 August 2018). "Moody's downgrades Georgia Power's credit rating over new Plant Vogtle costs". The Atlanta Journal-Constitution. Retrieved 16 August 2018.
  12. Walton, Rod (9 August 2018). "'Vogtle Cost Upgrade Causes Rethinking of $25B Nuclear Plant's Future". Power Engineering. Retrieved 16 August 2018.
  13. "Vogtle owners vote to continue construction". World Nuclear News. 27 September 2018. Retrieved 28 September 2018.
  14. "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2008-12-01. Retrieved 2008-09-02.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  15. "CGD ranks CO2 emissions from power plants worldwide | EurekAlert! Science News". 2007-11-14. Retrieved 2016-08-11.
  16. "Plant Branch still operating, closure imminent". The Union-Recorder. Retrieved 2018-03-02.
  17. "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2008-12-04. Retrieved 2008-11-24.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)


  • Kurtz, Wilber, "Technical Advisor: The Making of Gone With The Wind. The Hollywood Journals", Atlanta Historical Journal, Vol. XXII, No.2, Summer, 1978.
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