George Wallace Gouinlock

George Wallace Gouinlock (August 1, 1861 – February 13, 1932) was a prominent Canadian architect. Gouinlock practiced mostly in Toronto, Ontario, Canada, including several designated buildings at Exhibition Place.

George Wallace Gouinlock
BornAugust 1, 1861
DiedFebruary 13, 1932(1932-02-13) (aged 70)
NationalityCanadian
Occupationarchitect

His son George Roper Gouinlock (1896-1979) would also practise architecture.

Biography

Gouinlock was born in 1861 in Paris, Ontario to Walter and Elizabeth Gouinlock.[1] Gouinlock trained in various cities (including Hamilton, Chicago and Milwaukee) towards becoming an architect.[2] He later moved to Winnipeg, Manitoba[3] as a junior architect with Barber, Bowes & Barber.[2] He came back to Toronto in 1888 and began a partnership with architect Francis S. Baker (as Gouinlock & Baker)[4] from 1888 to 1890.[2]

The bulk of Gouinlock's work was in Toronto. In 1895, he was Chair of the Toronto Society of Architects[5] and President of the Ontario Association of Architects in 1909.[2] Gouinlock retired in 1927.

Gouinlock married Georgina Watson in 1889[1] and had two sons George Roper and Robert W., and a daughter, Laura H.[6]

Gouinlock died on February 13, 1932, and is buried at Mount Pleasant Cemetery in Toronto.[3]

George Roper Gouinlock

George Wallace's son George Roper Gouinlock (1896-1979) was also an architect, whom with Hugh L. Allward (1899-1971) formed the Allward and Gouinlock partnership in 1935.[7] Allward was the son of sculptor Walter Allward and great-grandfather of Port Perry based landscape architect Hugh Allward.[8]

Projects

George Wallace Gouinlock projects

Many of Gouinlock's buildings were Beaux-Arts. His works also feature other architectural styles. Many buildings at Exhibition Place were designed by Gouinlock:

  • Press Building, 210 Princes' Boulevard 1905 (Beaux-Arts)[9]
  • Music Building, 285 Manitoba Drive 1907 (Beaux-Arts) - formerly Railway Building[10]
  • CNE Grandstand 1907, destroyed by fire 1947 and rebuilt as Exhibition Stadium 1948
  • Horticulture Building, 15 Saskatchewan Road 1907 (Beaux-Arts)[11]
  • CNE Fire Hall and Police Station, 90 Quebec Street 1912 - (Tudor Revival)[12]
  • CNE Government Building 1912 (Beaux-Arts), 10 Dufferin Street - now Medieval Times Building, formerly Government Building and Arts, Crafts and Hobbies Building[13]

Other works across Toronto and beyond included:

  • 117-119 Collier Street 1891[14]
  • Charles Steinle Meat Packing Company, 256 King Street East 1892[14]
  • American Watch Case Company, 511 King Street West 1893[14]
  • Temple Building, Toronto (Bay and Richmond) 1895 - demolished 1970[15]
  • Manitoba Trust Company Building, Winnipeg (Main Street and Pioneer Street) 1899-1900 - with George Creeford Browne and demolished 1974[16]
  • Town Hall, St. Marys, Ontario 1901 (Romanesque Revival)[17]
  • Bank of Hamilton, 165 Spadina Avenue 1902 - now CIBC branch[14]
  • Marshall McLuhan’s House (Sir W.T. White House) and Coach House, 39 and 39a Queen's Park Crescent 1903,[14][18]
  • Consumer's Gas Company addition, 23 Toronto Street 1904[14]
  • Warwick Bros. and Rutter Publishers, 401 King Street West 1905[19]
  • Sovereign Bank, 172 King Street East 1907[14]
  • Broadview Hotel renovation 1907
  • Canadian Birkbeck Savings and Investment Company Head Office, 10 Adelaide Street East, Toronto 1908 (Edwardian) - now Ontario Heritage Centre[20]
  • William Peyton Hubbard House, 660 Broadview Avenue 1909[14]
  • Ontario Legislative Building North Wing, 1 Queen's Park Crescent 1909[21]
  • MacLean Building, 345 Adelaide Street West 1914[14]
  • Princess Margaret Hospital - South Building, University Avenue 1915[22] - formerly Ontario Hydro-Electric Building
  • R.H. King Collegiate Institute - Western wing, 3800 St. Clair Avenue East (1961)
  • Art Gallery of Toronto conceptual drawings[23]
  • Alexandra Palace, Toronto - demolished

George Roper Gouinlock projects

Allward and Gouinlock projects

References

  1. "Brant 89". ancestry.com.
  2. "No active session is assigned to the user". Ao.minisisinc.com. Retrieved February 12, 2018.
  3. "Mount Pleasant Group". Mount Pleasant Group. Retrieved February 12, 2018.
  4. http://archindont.torontopubliclibrary.ca/ArchindontWeb/architect.do?archDesigID=29%5B%5D
  5. "Past Chairs". torontosocietyofarchitects.ca.
  6. "Obituary" (PDF). Royal Architectural Institute Journal (pdf). Royal Architectural Institute of Canada. p. 112. Retrieved February 12, 2018.
  7. http://www.dictionaryofarchitectsincanada.org/node/745
  8. https://www.thestar.com/news/insight/2017/04/02/the-forgotten-man-behind-the-unforgettable-vimy-memorial.html
  9. "Archived copy". Archived from the original on May 6, 2013. Retrieved March 11, 2013.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  10. "Archived copy". Archived from the original on May 6, 2013. Retrieved March 11, 2013.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  11. "Archived copy". Archived from the original on May 6, 2013. Retrieved March 11, 2013.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  12. "Archived copy". Archived from the original on May 7, 2013. Retrieved March 11, 2013.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  13. "Archived copy". Archived from the original on May 6, 2013. Retrieved March 11, 2013.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  14. "TOBuilt: Buildings Related to a Company". tobuilt.ca. Archived from the original on April 7, 2016. Retrieved March 11, 2013.
  15. Torontoist. "Historicist: Toronto's First Skyscraper". torontoist.com.
  16. "Browne, George Creeford". dictionaryofarchitectsincanada.org.
  17. "George Wallace Gouinlock: Picture St. Marys". ourontario.ca.
  18. "McLuhan100 » Blog Archive » Doors Open at the Coach House". mcluhan100.ca. Archived from the original on March 3, 2016.
  19. "Warwick Bros. and Rutter Publishers-Toronto, Ontario, Canada". urbandb.com.
  20. "Archived copy". Archived from the original on March 14, 2013. Retrieved March 11, 2013.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  21. "North Wing". Legislative Assembly of Ontario - Discovery Portal.
  22. "Princess Margaret Hospital - South Building-Toronto, Ontario, Canada". urbandb.com.
  23. "No active session is assigned to the user". Ao.minisisinc.com. Retrieved February 12, 2018.
  24. http://www.dictionaryofarchitectsincanada.org/node/745
  25. http://www.dictionaryofarchitectsincanada.org/node/745
  26. http://www.dictionaryofarchitectsincanada.org/node/745
  27. http://www.dictionaryofarchitectsincanada.org/node/745
  28. http://www.dictionaryofarchitectsincanada.org/node/745
  29. http://www.dictionaryofarchitectsincanada.org/node/745
  30. http://www.dictionaryofarchitectsincanada.org/node/745
  31. http://www.dictionaryofarchitectsincanada.org/node/745
  32. http://www.dictionaryofarchitectsincanada.org/node/745
  33. http://www.dictionaryofarchitectsincanada.org/node/745
  34. http://www.dictionaryofarchitectsincanada.org/node/745
  35. http://www.senecacollege.ca/retirees/05_e-mail_newsletter/03_2009/06_e-sentinel_october/006_king_p155-221.pdf%5B%5D
  36. "Sir Wilfrid Laurier C.I. - HOME". Sirwilfridlaurierci.ca. Retrieved February 12, 2018.

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