George W. Guthrie

George Wilkins Guthrie (September 5, 1848 March 8, 1917), served as Mayor of Pittsburgh from 1906 to 1909 and then was United States Ambassador to Japan from 1913 to 1917.

George W. Guthrie
Portrait of George W. Guthrie,
c. 1906–1909
United States Ambassador to Japan
In office
August 7, 1913  March 8, 1917
PresidentWoodrow Wilson
Preceded byLarz Anderson
Succeeded byRoland Morris
42nd Mayor of Pittsburgh
In office
1906–1909
Preceded byWilliam B. Hays
Succeeded byWilliam A. Magee
Personal details
Born(1848-09-08)September 8, 1848
DiedMarch 8, 1917(1917-03-08) (aged 68)
Political partyDemocratic

Early life

George Wilkins Guthrie was born in Pittsburgh on September 5, 1848 to John B. Guthrie and Catherine Murray Guthrie.[1] Guthrie attended public school in Pittsburgh, then the Western University of Pennsylvania, where he graduated in 1866. Next, he studied law at the Columbian College for three years, at which point he was admitted to the bar (in Washington, DC and in Allegheny County on November 5, 1869).[2] He became an attorney and started an involvement in reform issues during an era of increasing government corruption and largess. On December 2, 1886, he married Florence Julia Howe Guthrie, daughter of General Thomas Marshall Howe of Pittsburgh.

Pittsburgh politics

Guthrie, a Democrat,[3] ran for mayor of Pittsburgh in 1896 and was defeated narrowly by Henry P. Ford.[4] Guthrie was elected mayor in 1906 and immediately started instituting city policies to stem local corruption, and while working locally he also pushed for statewide reforms. Guthrie is best remembered for two accomplishments.[3] First, for the success of the legislation he and D.T. Watson, the famous corporate lawyer, created which led to the merger between Pittsburgh and Allegheny City in 1906. This consolidation, legally controversial and unpopular among Allegheny residents withstood challenges in the Pennsylvania and United States Supreme Courts, and made the new Greater Pittsburgh the sixth largest city in the United States.[5] Second, the implementation of a water filtration system during Guthrie's term significantly reduced the incidence of typhoid in Pittsburgh.[3] The first filtered water, cleaned in a slow sand filter, was delivered on December 18, 1907, and by October 3, 1908, the entire water supply of Pittsburgh was being filtered.[6] Guthrie's term was noted for a significant decline in the city's death rate due to improvement in public health. The rate had been among the highest in America's northern cities, around 20 per 1,000 inhabitants, a level at which it had been stuck for 20 years. By the end of his term, the rate had fallen to 16 per 1,000, the lowest in Pittsburgh's history to that point. Notable declines were seen in incidences of typhoid fever.[7]

Later life

After leaving office, Guthrie was appointed United States Ambassador to Japan on May 20, 1913. He was accredited as special Ambassador and represented the President and the people of the United States at the funeral of Empress Shōken, the Dowager Empress of Japan, on April 7, 1914, and was the personal representative of President Wilson at the coronation of Emperor Taishō of Japan on September 30, 1915. He died while at that post in Tokyo in 1917,[8] after collapsing while playing golf with an American reporter. The Japanese government sent the armored cruiser Azuma to return his body to San Francisco as a mark of respect.[9] He was Vice President and Trustee of the Dollar Savings Bank of Pittsburgh, a Trustee of the University of Pittsburgh, a member of the Board of Managers of St. Margaret's Memorial Hospital and the Kingsley House Association, a member of the Greater Pittsburgh Chamber of Commerce, and the Pittsburgh and Duquesne Golf Clubs. He was internationally known for his activities in Masonic bodies and served as Past Grand Master of Pennsylvania Masons. He is buried in Allegheny Cemetery in Lawrenceville, PA.[10]

Honors

Guthrie Street in the Pittsburgh neighborhood of Regent Square was constructed in 1910 and named in the Mayor's honor.

References

  1. Moore, Alexander P. "The Book of Prominent Pennsylvanians: a standard reference". Historic Pittsburgh Text Collection. University of Pittsburgh. Retrieved 26 September 2013.
  2. Fleming, George T. "History of Pittsburgh and environs: from prehistoric days to the beginning of the American revolution, Vol. 2". Historic Pittsburgh Text Collection. University of Pittsburgh. Retrieved 26 September 2013.
  3. Kelly, George Edward. "Allegheny County, a sesqui-centennial review". Historic Pittsburgh Text Collection. University of Pittsburgh. Retrieved 1 October 2013.
  4. "Pittsburg Press almanac and cyclopedia of useful information, 1898". Historic Pittsburgh Text Collection. University of Pittsburgh. Retrieved 30 September 2013.
  5. "Official municipal program of the sesqui-centennial celebration of the City of Pittsburgh: September twenty-seventh to October third and November twenty-fifth, nineteen hundred and eight". Historic Pittsburgh Text Collection. University of Pittsburgh. Retrieved 1 October 2013.
  6. Harper, Frank C. "Pittsburgh of today: its resources and people, Vol. 1". Historic Pittsburgh Text Collection. University of Pittsburgh. Retrieved 1 October 2013.
  7. Woodruff, Clinton Rogers (November 1909). "World today". The World Today: 1171–1172. Retrieved 9 July 2009.
  8. Walkinshaw, Lewis Clark. "Annals of southwestern Pennsylvania, Vol. 3". Historic Pittsburgh Text Collection. University of Pittsburgh. Retrieved 1 October 2013.
  9. Welles, Benjamin (1997). Sumner Welles: FDR's Global Strategist -- A Biography. Palgrave Macmillan. p. 49. ISBN 0312174403.
  10. Kestenbaum, Lawrence. "Cemeteries and Memorial Sites of Politicians in Allegheny County". PoliticalGraveyard.com. Retrieved 1 October 2013.
Political offices
Preceded by
William B. Hays
Mayor of Pittsburgh
19061909
Succeeded by
William A. Magee
Diplomatic posts
Preceded by
Larz Anderson
U.S. Ambassador to Japan
1913 1917
Succeeded by
Roland Morris
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