George Murray, 6th Duke of Atholl

George Augustus Frederick John Murray, 6th Duke of Atholl, KT, DL (20 September 1814 – 16 January 1864) was a Scottish peer and freemason.

Born at Great Cumberland Place, London, he was the son of James Murray, 1st Baron Glenlyon, who was the second son of John Murray, 4th Duke of Atholl, and his wife Lady Emily Frances Percy, second daughter of Hugh Percy, 2nd Duke of Northumberland.[1] He succeeded his father as baron in 1837 and his uncle John Murray as duke in 1846. Murray served in the British Army and was lieutenant of the 2nd Dragoon Guards, retiring in 1840.[1]

Murray became a Deputy Lieutenant of Perthshire in 1846 and was invested as a Knight of the Thistle in 1853.[1] As Lord Glenlyon, he formed the Atholl Highlanders in 1839 as his personal bodyguard. On 30 August of that year he attended the Earl of Eglinton's tournament in Ayrshire in the guise of 'The Knight of the Gael', accompanied by a retinue of his Highlanders.[2] In 1844, when Queen Victoria stayed at Blair Castle, the Atholl Highlanders provided the guard for the Queen. So impressed was she with their turnout that she ordered they be presented with colours, giving them official status as a British regiment.

On 29 October 1839, he married Anne Home-Drummond, daughter of Henry Home-Drummond. Murray died in 1864, aged 49, from cancer of the neck and was succeeded in his titles by his only child John.

He served as 66th Grand Master Mason of Scotland from 1843-1863 and was Grand Master of England from 1843 until his death in January, 1864.[3]


  1. Dod, Robert P. (1860). The Peerage, Baronetage and Knightage of Great Britain and Ireland. London: Whitaker and Co. p. 96.
  2. Watt, P. & Waine, R. (2019), Wild and Majestic: Romantic Visions of Scotland, National Museums Scotland, pp. 72 - 73
  3. Denslow, William R. (1957). 10,000 Famous Freemasons. Columbia, Missouri, USA: Missouri Lodge of Research.
Masonic offices
Preceded by
Lord Frederick FitzClarence
Grand Master of the
Grand Lodge of Scotland

Succeeded by
John Whyte-Melville
Peerage of Scotland
Preceded by
John Murray, 5th Duke
Duke of Atholl
Succeeded by
John Stewart-Murray, 7th Duke
Peerage of the United Kingdom
Preceded by
James Murray, 1st Baron
Baron Glenlyon
Succeeded by
John Stewart-Murray, 7th Duke of Atholl, 3rd Baron

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